BY NORMAN E. GRONER, Ph.D.The World Trade Center attacks have given new impetus to the use of elevators during fire emergencies. Had elevators been unavailable to South Tower occupants, far more would have remained in the building when the second plane struck. Had elevators been readily available to firefighters in both towers, it seems likely that fewer emergency responders would have been needed for rescue operations and more would have been able to escape the buildings as conditions became transparently dangerous. Investigating the use of elevators is part of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) investigation, and I expect that corroborating and new findings will b...

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