Almost every book, article, and training session on size-up that I have read or attended taught that effective size-up begins with preplanning (before receipt of the alarm). Although many fire departments respond mainly to fires in single-family residential occupancies, we also respond to fires in commercial occupancies. Most departments do not have the resources to preplan every residential occupancy in their jurisdiction. Preplanning residential fires is a must (if that is where you fight fires). You must make generalizations concerning these residential occupancies. As an example, in Toledo, most houses are around 1,000 square feet per floor (which should provide an initial ideal rate ...

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