Understanding and Preparing for Structural Firefighting Phases

BY DAVE BAILEY How we approach each structural fire depends on numerous variables. Routinely, our approach is a model based on Lloyd Layman's seven fundamental steps of firefighting (size-up, call for help, rescue, cover exposures, locate the fire, control the fire, and overhaul) such as rescue, exposures, confinement, extinguishment, and overhaul (RECEO). Using a model, the incident commander (IC) considers the building or buildings impacted, the contents burning, the location and size of the fire, the exposures, the environmental variables, and the life hazard. The IC combines these variables to provide situational awareness of the incident and then factors in resource realities with th...

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