Emergency Action Plans and New York City Fire Code: A Lesson from the World Trade Center

BY MICHAEL STURM New York City's skyline has always been famous for its crowded office buildings and high-rises. On September 11, 2001, one of the most prominent features of that skyline, the World Trade Center (WTC) towers, was taken away by an act of terrorism. Among the emergency responder heroes was the Fire Department of New York (FDNY), whose service during and after the tragedy highlighted FDNY's important role in nonfire-related emergencies. A series of inquiries and commission-led investigations followed in the wake of the 9/11 attacks and led to the promulgation and enactment of several recommendations that were adopted into the New York City Fire Code (FC). Although the adoptio...

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