Mon, 13 Apr 2009|
Supplement to the class FDIC 2009 "Railroad Emergencies" by Battalion Chief Jeff Simpson, Hanover (VA) Fire & EMS.
Consider all wires life unless confirmed dead by a qualified expert. Failure to comply with these precautions. Is likely to result in serious injury or death. We'll keep the truth using information from the railroad -- As to how many crew members are on board. Be sure to check the nose of the locomotive cab near the collision posts and near the rear door. If crewmembers are unaccounted for check beside the tracks in the event that they jumped from the train. To access trapped or injured crew members evaluate all the options. Train doors usually sixteen inches to 23 inches -- it may be locked -- jammed or too -- to extricate someone who's hurt. Side windows which range in -- from eighteen inches to 28 inches and -- sixteen inches to 36 inches maybe a better option -- the doors. Side windows are easier to remove in the locomotive windshield which is much more difficult to remove that a car or truck when she -- We should consider it as an access point only if doors and other windows are inaccessible. If you rule out all doors and windows for access. The best option for cutting and intrigue -- through the roof which has a thinner skin in the sides of the locomotive. Keep in mind that the -- locomotive is condenses stereo -- If you must resort to cutting. Be sure to lay down a thick layer of foam. And continue to maintain this later throughout the cutting operation. To prevent ignition -- fuel vapors. It's important to assess the situation within the -- before entering. Injured crew members may be in the way of the entry rescue team or in the way of the tools or equipment to be used for cutting -- education. In addition blood borne pathogens are always a safety risk. The locomotive is upright and there's a need for a backboard for transporting the injured. Consider side window for education. It may be a better option than a door because it is relatively easy to remove -- wide enough to accommodate the backboard. It's a locomotive is on its side. You may need to use a letter or -- to get the rescuers inside the -- Three movie injured construct a 41 mechanical advantage -- Or other system for lifting. He's there -- railroad bridges or tunnels in your area. It's especially important to include them in your worst case scenario -- plants. Keep maps of these sites on hand along with information on the structures themselves and run practice drills at these locations. Before approaching an accident on a bridge you must determine that all train movements on adjacent tracks are -- Also determine whether the bridge itself has been compromised. If it's over water at the rescue team -- flotation devices and safety lines in the event that emergency responders fall into the water. Check to see if the locomotive or any cars have fallen under the bridge. Be careful what approaching them especially if -- on an embankment. It's the accident has occurred on a bridge -- an open deck. Exercise special caution because these are more hazardous than bridges with solid action. An accident in a tunnel poses a tremendous challenge for rescuers and it's important to plan ahead by familiarized yourself with -- in your area and my running practice drills with worst case scenarios in mind. Hazardous materials constitute a major issue in these cases. Especially -- any railroad cars are on fire. The location of the accident can also pose problems. For example a -- that occurs near the middle of a long -- can create a great challenge. Your breathing apparatus may not contain enough air to enable you -- the accident. And your cell phones and radios may not work in the tunnel. Visibility may represent another difficulty in that it may be extremely limited or nonexistent due to smoke and darkness. It's a -- is in an urban area police or other emergency personnel may need to evacuate the area. A -- train accident that took place in Baltimore Maryland in July of 2001. Illustrates a real life worst case scenario. The train which was carrying hydrochloric acid among other cargo -- -- the one and a half mile long tunnel that runs under this city. But -- Crew members were able to separate the locomotives from the cars and escaped unharmed. The fire burned on however so thousands of people were evacuated through streets and buildings above the tunnel. Emergency personnel including Hazmat experts were dispatched immediately and firefighters having determined that the derailed train was somewhere toward the middle of the tunnel. -- self contained breathing apparatus and begin to approach the -- on foot. It was dark and smoky inside the tunnel and they soon discovered that -- air supply would not sustain them if they continued on foot. They therefore -- again this time in an emergency vehicle which -- backed him for a quick escape in case of an explosion. The fire was brought under control within hours but it took several days to ensure that it was completely extinguished and -- the area was secure. Unfortunately the incident ended with no injury or loss of life that. Some of the lessons learned by Baltimore emergency personnel has served as examples to other departments across the country first. It's critical to familiarize your crew with the entire coverage area. Especially with potentially hazardous locations such as bridges and tunnels. -- department should develop a detailed emergency action plan for worst case scenarios. The Baltimore accident reminds us that unfortunately. The worst it can happen. If your department services and urban area he should develop an evacuation plan. The Baltimore accidents forced a huge evacuation including thousands of baseball fans from Camden yards. Your emergency planning should include training sessions -- rescue personnel with special emphasis on the latest triage methods. You should continually maintain open communication among the various rescue agencies in your area. As well as with the railroads the travel through your area. This includes ensuring that you have current emergency phone numbers on hand and keeping abreast of -- -- information about schedules and cargo. People are naturally curious especially about accidents. Perimeter security is critical and access to the accident site must be restricted. Maintain an adequate supply of self contained breathing apparatus and -- air bottles. An emergency situation. It's essential to have solid leadership. And clear accountability so that every member of the rescue team can perform his or her task as quickly and efficiently as possible. Use the incident command system to its best advantage -- -- of divisions to accommodate all aiding companies. It's important to provide accurate information to the media so that they will not seek alternative information sources. Several handouts accompany this video. These handouts are designed to -- you and remembering the precautions as steps to take when confronted with a train wreck. The first two handouts -- checklist of things to do when approaching the site of the wreck and entering the locomotive. The next handout provides instructions on flagging procedures. This includes diagrams and written instructions on how to properly flag and approaching train to stop. We hope that the information in this video will -- your department to plan ahead now. -- -- to be ready to respond immediately. In the unfortunate event. Of a train accident.