Wed, 28 Jul 2010|
This full-length program from Firefighters Support Foundation provides a toolbox of self-defense techniques that are easy to learn and will serve a firefighter or EMT well in most of the confrontations they get into.
Automatically Generated Transcript (may not be 100% accurate)
In this section of the program. We want to show you some basic tactics and techniques that you can use to ward off from salt. And get yourself away from -- to get yourself to safety because that's the objective. We're gonna primarily concentrate on defense of maneuvers this blocks ward at warding off that kind of thing. But we are also -- -- show you a couple of simple strikes but you can incorporate into your defensive maneuvers if you need to. If striking somebody is both appropriate and justified and what you need to do at that point in order to get yourself to sixty. Good position -- awareness is probably the first and you wanna be thinking about. When you're working on a patient that kept any suspicions about at all. Whether it's patients who are little picky about or -- environment. Don't stand directly from the patient could if you do clearly they can just -- you. Like that if they are so inclined. Better to be off to the side. If you actually have to start working on the station. Come down on the side so now you've got some ability to defend yourself. Another thing to be aware of is what's called the interview stance -- -- ready stance. If you and think you might need to defend yourself in a minute he's still assessing the situation. Don't just stand there who like this looking around. Stand upright. Have your weight evenly distributed between -- feet. Be a little bit up on the ball defeat heavy hands somewhere here in front view. This is what police officers are -- -- the way police officers in Iraq which subjects on the street that they don't. No their intentions about. Hands -- here. And you can be talking with -- hands which is a good way to mask the fact that you that you have in front of you late defend yourself if you need to. And if -- in this balance kind of posture. And you start to get some kind of reaction from your patient that that could potentially be dangerous stands up and starts -- -- something. This is a good place to be your balance you ready to move your hands -- -- of you you can say things like sir please sit down. This is what sometimes called. The athletics things if -- replace any sport in high -- college. This is a stance -- very familiar to you it's almost like about -- stance is what football player does. -- the way you get ready to run. And it's what's called the ready stance community stance in public safety. If you're patient or a bystander decides to assault -- -- coming -- -- Gonna wanna be able to initially blocked that assault. There's two basic kinds of blocks this we -- -- block. And eight pat blocked or deflected a question about -- of Marcos -- country. Is different sounds like I'm -- keep up their mark I'm putting this up as a shield so this doesn't hit me. If -- was coming down low to grab -- -- the waste. It would look like that I'm putting shield down to -- to between. His motion and make. On the other hand -- deflecting block or padlock. Looks more like that's the heat goes to punch me. I'm deflecting. What he's coming in with again to miss him when mark. I'm deflecting it it's not so much and putting a shield up -- -- on deflecting the force. If you study any martial arts or watch some martial arts you've probably seen certain kinds of what we call she'll blocks that look like this. Or like this. We have about a somewhat more efficient way to do that we're gonna show you the problem with doing something like this. From just about trying to block marks punch. Is I'm using my small don't toward muscle here to try to raise. My arm and counteract his force that's pretty small muscle. If I'm coming down like this or this way. Frances -- comes in with us and punch. I'm coming in here. I'm bringing my elbow in and involving market -- muscles -- its larger -- group so it's a stronger blocked the problem is look at the -- marketing here and I do this. I'm really not off the -- -- -- attack more to make this it this. Block work I've got to. Do it this way. Which is pretty convoluted. Pretty unnatural and and difficult to learn. Let -- show you a better way. To do a -- block. More bio mechanically efficient way to do this and by the fact is for our mechanically efficient it also means that it works. With different if it walks over broader range of different sizes of defender you an assailant. So some weapons and -- that same same punch if I blocked this way. The what's going on here. I've got my elbow down here. My -- beneath my wrist and see what I'm thinking about here is not -- come out this way not try to come up this way but to go out like this. The way I like to think about it is it's a rear wheel drive car. The real real attraction is down here doing the pushing its pushing along this line and my fingers. Are defined cars it's during the car. So it's a comes in I'm pushing out like -- if you think about the -- that this is involved this involved -- electric car muscles and the -- muscles. And forming a wedge. Between his force. And might deflecting arm and it just works a lot better -- -- -- -- The thing to remember about this I mean nothing's free. The thing to remember about this is you have to drop your elbow in order to make this work if you try to do what your elbow out and market doesn't force here. I'm back -- trying but rather relying on my small shoulder muscle. It's a losing proposition. What's gonna the end. And I'm driving my force this way deflecting him away from me. Just so you can -- little more clearly what's going on. When I turn my back -- -- I can see where Marxist -- -- I don't do anything she remarked this is gonna head right there towards my face. But when I'm blocking the way -- should be. That's what happens that's what it looks like. Notice two things I'm using this wedge. Created by my rear wheel drive -- here if you will to wedge him away from me putting the shield. Between me and his force and I'm also -- report I'm getting off the line of attack. Noticed the when he punches I'm not just standing here like that's -- -- I'm trying to make that work -- I can make that work. If from a lot stronger than he -- -- he's a lot smaller -- I am. Neither is the case here Clark was really trying to hurt me I'm gonna have to also move offline attack but it mark. This way. To make this really work and that's the case was any block. So two principals here. With a should block the score on this sort. I'm putting something between his force his assault his attack and me and -- -- putting between us is this wedge. And at the same time aren't moving. Off his line of attack. And there are -- blocks or you can use issue o'clock it'll work. Almost. Independent of where the attack is coming from. Presents like and I attacked from from here you just saw me do that works pretty well that was moving here. Actually -- -- out -- -- can do here. Also that one again. If I had to undergo cross body with the same -- bloc seeing my dear we real -- -- steering -- same idea. This isn't quite as good from a tactical point you because I'm now starting to turn my back to him and -- a -- about that -- but I could do it. If -- is coming into gravity from below. I can use. A double -- block what is who he was only trying to grab a -- conference it's going to my sisters or something pocket. Use if you block here same deal rear wheel drive on the elbow. Singers -- the steering wheel. And I'm making a wedge. To try that you'll see that you can hold back a fair amount of force. With those by mechanics. The way to do that is pitcher get your -- out here haven't spent his arm so what -- -- -- to -- I'm here I get set up. Mart uses all of his strength to try to command and -- and get me actually in the face. And all -- gotta do is think about traction here Syria we -- here making a wedge. You Republicans -- on -- -- -- really -- and it's not that hard for -- to hold him back I'm not -- actually all that much energy because. Biomechanics -- angles here work. At least she'll blocks. -- preferred block when the attack is coming from the outside. The -- -- coming from the outside of market in the same -- punch for instance. It's easy for me to stick this up between me and this outside attack. If however the attack is more along the straight line if he's trying to -- me. Maybe he's trying to grab me would choke or grab my house or something but he's coming in. And more in a straight -- way to me. In the -- block is often gonna be a easier block to pull off. And -- -- -- there's -- market that is straight punch at me. I just have to be fast enough to intercept it in time and deflected away but his forces trying to go this way. I'm pushing this why don't you very much for stop. And in fact I don't need to get him very far away. If -- if -- -- a punch at me but I don't I don't need to do that. -- -- that's nice what happens. I've opened him up I think counterattack I need to accomplish them off I need to get away but if you -- -- statement you can mark. If I just -- If I just get that fist. Just to the sodomy that's -- I need to do. -- I don't need much forced here at all. The -- or deflecting block. Is a little trick here in the she'll blocked because she'll -- is basically just throwing up there if you do it right public gonna catch a lot of -- -- -- action. Pat block -- the deflecting block another hand require some time as that attack is coming yen. I need to go to target just right so I get it I'm late I'm trying to deflect away when he's hitting me if I'm too early. I miss him altogether. Or just bouncing off the -- of him and he still coming -- So they require some time. Another but the fact is with a straight attacked me -- a graft for the -- to something. Pat blocked the deflecting block is your highest probability of success. You may be asking yourself what if he goes to attack me I don't I just back up and get out of there like like like my instincts tell me to do. Well there's a good couple reasons for that one is as I'm backing up he still attacking me so he still following. I'm going back which he's going forward -- on my heels he's on his -- He's gonna win that one and so if he's intent on grabbing me and attacking hitting me doing something to me. This isn't of any help sooner or later you're gonna have to deal with him. The other reason that this isn't the best instinct and a world. Is that they may not be any -- -- you may be in a confined space maybe in a parking lot between cars you may be an ambulance. Who knows but don't bet on their being. Available space for you to back up to back there and -- -- -- an unknown space. Is just risking tripping and hurting yourself. So yeah if you're gonna use a block whether to -- -- credit market with a padlock. You gonna have to get used to the fact -- -- have to deal -- it right in here. And in fact. Markets fast you can't put your hands up on my shoulders. Okay now it's now when he when I see him move. I'm gonna try to step back. I can't do it it is no -- -- can move my body backed up fast. He's moving this amount of mass I'm trying to move all of my -- He's got the advantage of initiating -- he's got a good quarter second -- All have a hope of really doing if he's trying to put -- in -- way it's going to mark. Is doing some kind of block. Are you saw what I just did there it didn't look as pretty as when I was demonstrating it. Two to demonstrate the mechanics the technique but that's real life that's okay but the technique. Doesn't have to look pretty when you don't realize it just has to be reasonably effective. If you find yourself in front of the patient for some reason and you know that happens. And the patient -- gonna kick you. There is a universal -- -- that you see the UFC fighters do a lot. Doesn't -- all the time it's not foolproof he still -- -- some of the impact but it your best bet. And it looks like this if Michael certificate from here. While I'm doing is bringing my knee up. And but by doing that I'm doing two things one is on intercepting his force. So he's only. Halfway to its destination. So he's got less momentum less energy here. -- yeah I'm taking that half momentum have energy on my leg but better than my going. Or again if we're standing up -- -- standing up and -- in front of him he goes to kick me. On doing just been my leg up here. -- -- and how we don't question and it'd be black and blue -- on my calf. That's okay. At least he's not kicking me in the gut. In the -- or anywhere else but what really hurt. So once again coast -- -- the -- -- -- -- my leg up my knees straight up. And trying to shield myself from the force or that care as a matter which like it is it was an appointment to do this -- Obviously. A flight avoided is is a fight won and here again taking a tip from the police side of the house might might help you quite a bit. Police almost never. They try to almost never talk to someone directly like this that is directly in front of them. Directly in their powers -- -- always try to talk to somebody off to the side like this. To watch a police officer interviewing. Suspect to witness anybody almost always off the side and the hands are almost always -- like this. Even if the hands are doing anything they're just here and -- way that doesn't look threatening at all. What the cop is really doing however is can also want -- power of the persons talking to. And having hands halfway. To a blocking position. Is gonna save -- a lot of time in her a lot of time if this person decides consultant. To try to keep that in mind. It is hard to get that neat. Up there if he's trying to kick you. You really do have to be sharp and -- the timing just right if at this close distance he's coming -- -- his hands. So give yourself every advantage when you're talking to a patient bystander and -- is giving you information to. Try to talk like this to put you any more defensible position now position you're better able to defend yourself from. Should this person decide to -- you. Remember the whole reason you defend yourself. Is not to win a fight it's not to try to look good and and and beat this guy at at a fight it's to get -- tickets to get the heck out of here. Once he -- -- he -- -- -- your duty to act is done. Your primary. Responsibility now is to get yourself to safety get out of there and -- partners he could do that. Let's take those blocks -- one more level. And see how we can make the block work to get to safety even better. For instance if if say marketing and outside of attack here could block it -- -- -- -- -- haven't really done much all I've done is stop that attack. He still set up you can attack me so tomorrow -- the other hand perhaps it would have to block that. So let's add this to that -- let's add forward pressure. When -- white -- and attacks him -- his tax this time I'm going to add forward pressure for that block. That is I'm gonna bring my hand in here it's full drive and four here driving forward you don't have to hit a Mexican and -- I -- to -- -- have to -- -- and just -- my hand -- here when it's this way here and drive him back. Now I'm on my toes he's on his heels I'm off -- him but I've given myself the ability. To scoop. I bought myself more time and I just blocked and waited for him in the again. By using forward pressure by driving him back. I gave myself a lot more time. You're gonna apply for pressure no matter what kind of block you and actually use. Let's save a couple -- for him market going for my repels. -- -- in this way the same principle applies I don't wanna stand here but he's not understand there he's gonna go for his next move I want immediately. Apply for pressures -- as I can. Also works. If you blocking kept. Francis of Marcos to -- me and I flocking here. That's let me just a couple of but the remark he -- blocking -- blocking here. I don't wanna just calm down don't now we gonna do -- to pick me. I'm gonna come down driving cool. Driving into him. Now that's all well and good you know the shield to -- for a outside attack more Linear attack using two of deflecting cap lock. But how. I didn't -- to do that in real time you saw how fast mark could sleep apnea and get his hands on if you wanted to. It's kind of hard. In that short time to figure -- -- wears a common someone like do. In fact if someone suddenly comes -- like that with no warning. Hopefully your first instinct is this going to be to cover up -- tipped it back up a little bit -- struck terror gravity and and can't look ahead. That's not about instant. It may not seem like you do anything -- useful here except perhaps covering up but you can turn that instinct. Into any more or less universal bloc that has some real virtue. And it's sometimes called the spear and it looks like this would bring -- -- No matter what kind of attack -- want to see you want to some kind of outside attack. If I just cobble up like this instead of covering up keep -- doctor mark. But that's like like I'm calling unanimously. -- -- -- with a little bit extension. Can see my elbows in. My -- are -- of my elbows I'm -- deflect. Most of the force coming in almost any way to -- -- attack becomes a -- attack. I do this I may -- a little bit off the top my head and catch some of the force and my arms but I'm not gonna catch it -- -- gonna. Deflect or move away most of it. It's called the spears and Paris -- that looks like. A -- Most martial arts is contestant looks like that's. If I also add some forward momentum to it on accomplishing -- forward pressure at the same time sort of doing universal block. So. -- -- here. Interviewing mark. Getting his committees and witness what effort and also you want -- an attack and if you want me here anything more cool. That kind of works I can take advantage of that from here I can push him back I can hit and if I need to. If I would if I had to -- and what I was doing and he needed to to really. Be hit I -- medium. All kinds of things I could do at a minimum I can get him out of my face. Bar myself a couple of seconds to do what my objective is -- circumstances. It is now when the fight. But to get out of -- So this universal. Kind of block which keys off your natural defensive instant. Has a lot in common with the -- -- we talked about before. You want trying to throw your arms up using small shoulder muscles you're -- your arms in front of you like this and unlike the -- block one sort of trying to intercept that force coming -- I'm just putting them up and fun. As I said before. My wrist is ahead of my elbows. Awards are poured into the center here where -- -- like this -- a step out like this -- my whole trust is opening I can be attacked. Shooting myself like this -- dispute type motion. And the way I'm pushing -- Is the way we talked about if you look rear wheel -- car steering wheel here. So. What I'm doing is when -- any kind of force -- attack here. -- meeting it. -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- If my hands my friend has happened to touch his face or whatever well that's too bad he initiated the attack. That's that's not on -- -- force but I'm trying to prevent myself from being black and if it's appropriate at the time. You're always in a better position to defend yourself if you're initially touching making contact. With whoever it is that you worried about the patient bystander witness whatever. To be down here and it's better doesn't sayings -- words -- her heart at the start etc. what medication your I could -- Down here it just -- him a pathetically this puts me in a much better position to defend myself within seeded. -- whether he's standing it doesn't matter if he goes to launch attacks they would this hand but it -- I can feel it right away -- -- to watch attacked with his left hand. I can feel the tension. And I can feel his body moving and I can feel it way before I can see letters prove that to you now. This is something that you can do with a body. The way you set it up is like this you get yourself into symmetric position that you -- each punch each other what had part. You have a line to punch each other if you -- -- -- human symmetric mirror type image. And the idea here -- I'm gonna try to punch mark he's gonna try to block that. Started out this -- -- don't have your arms -- there's no physical contact between you. So we're standing like this arms aren't touching mark knows I'm gonna hit a remarkable -- Don't give it to me -- rocket ready. One more time. If I stay focused if I don't lose my concentration I can do that all day long and mark can't block me it's not because I'm particularly fast. It's just has to do with the physiology of the situation he has to see -- attack coming. Tell his -- startling. On the other hand if we aren't physical contact right now our arms are touching. The situation is reversed he can react to feeling might attack feeling -- movement much faster than he can react by seeing. And socially like this -- -- your arms -- touching. And I'm gonna tell mark -- him he's just gonna blocked me. Or move -- -- -- what went on him. We're trying to I'm actually trying to hit here. If mark states focused he can block -- Not quite sure the physiology what's involved but you -- in contact. Would someone to have any. Doubt about. You'll be able to -- -- to their assault if they do assault too much faster than if you have to -- visually. End and try to defend yourself. One -- -- really worrisome things these days with all this USC -- to -- the -- -- getting these days. Is the take down. If someone's trying to take you to the ground. That's a pretty dangerous situation because once you're on the ground it's really hard to defend yourself -- they're trying to take you to the ground. It's because they're comfortable on the ground and they can to a lot of damage to. So if someone is trying to take you down. Time trying to put you on the ground. I would regard that as a very serious situation. That justifies -- pretty high level of force. Now it's hard to defend against someone it's really skilled at the -- hopefully aren't gonna -- -- -- kind of world class fighter. The basic defense but doesn't want -- -- time nothing more talk time but the basic defense the basic thing you want to try is. For instance if -- coming in to try to take me down it's. It's called -- sprawl you just move move yourself back put your hands out here. And try to get him down -- his head down a little farther than he wanted me mark was probably trying to command either -- -- knees with his head up. Or for my -- My objective -- comes in going to be -- way more. Is just to try to take control. Of his height. And prevent him from taking me down now if I miss. If you got a lot of momentum I don't get myself brings back very far and it's coming forward. My objective then. Is to try to let him away from me drive him down to the ground I don't really care at this point of his head. Bounces off the concrete because as I sat. If he's wanted to -- -- -- the ground have to assume it's because he's comfortable there and he knows it that's what he can to a lot of damage to me. Another thing to say about being on the ground are being pushed the ground in this basics program it is sometimes you just warmed up there. Through -- fault -- -- -- just you might trip -- -- -- push from a fallen. As part of this fight to end human wound up here on -- back. Not a good place to -- you wanna get up and out here just as soon as you can but he's pressing the attack that can be pretty difficult. And here's a way to deal when it. If I'm here on my back. And he's just standing there. -- trying to figure out what to do trying to figure out how serious -- -- about this or I'm not gonna do a whole lot gonna watch him closely. Going to be prepared to defend myself. And if possible if he's given me the opportunity to time the space. -- may try to get up and leave if I can do that. I can't do that if -- sort of this momentary standoff. I'm not gonna expand energy. Trying to do anything to him from here until I know he's definitely pressing the attack on me. Now what a lot of people. We'll try to do sometimes is a -- in the movies or whatever. Is a flip over on site like this and try to work. One of their sites. To counter assault in my -- -- happening. This isn't very effective unless you're really seriously -- trainer because what's happening here is although -- Might have a hard time blocking this force. -- to -- lead -- to -- my -- down. For him to launch an assault on me you know hidden in the head put my head of -- concrete or whenever. There is a better way. If he's pressing the attack and I need to defend myself. A better tactic is to stay on your back. And ward him off this way. Now something very important here I'm not kicking straight like this. That's not terribly effective and mark won't have too much trouble smothering my feet and coming NN. What makes -- effective is that it's a -- motion like this. Customer. They say. As -- pivots around trying to get a better vantage point of fact I'm on my back. Does inhibit you from keeping up -- Being -- small my back. I can pivot as fast as he can move. I don't have the big race he has -- detritus for yourself you can say it's very easy to keep up with someone trying to circle you and it society. This is just one of those things you gonna have to -- yourself to really see. When someone is bicycling that -- -- -- like this very hard it's just not something you gonna wanna come through. I do for the camera now. Maybe you can see it. But you can really see it better -- with a friend. Being in -- -- defending itself is exhausting to begin work. This bicycle technique is particularly exhaust you've spent a lot of energy really fast you can't keep -- up for too long. So just because you on the ground and -- assailant. He's up there you're gonna put -- on the ground. Doesn't necessarily mean you wanna be doing this whole time you could just be doing for no reason. You might want to stand there. And try to talk a moderate hey you know we can we can work this out whatever. You may be looking for an opportunity. To get up and leave. The conserve your energy. Until the point when you really need it when he starts to address the text. Coming at me that's that's the point I'm gonna start the bicycle and try to catch him but the one of those strong kicks. We haven't talked a lot about strikes in this program. Because as we said your object isn't to win -- fight with -- -- -- to get yourself to safety just it just to get out of the area. Nonetheless. Sometimes just blocking deflecting even with forward pressure. -- assailants attack may not be enough. Palace isn't a full -- home defensive tactics -- full blown fighting program as a -- program. We'll show you here are two strikes that you can add in. Where you feel you need them and where you feel they're justified. Let's show you two techniques that are pretty easy to pick -- and arm. -- -- technical gonna show you is the -- -- struck they noticed that was striking for. With upon heat up your -- -- the -- upon Heather and not if fist. Which means that if you haven't practiced this a fair amount. You need to -- any -- something you need to practice. But if you aren't familiar with this if you don't have as ingrained in your so called muscle memory. You gonna revert to what you've seen on TV in the movies which is people -- each other with fists and you don't really wanna be hitting people particularly in the facial area. -- -- -- when you close fist because even professional boxers have broken knuckles and suffered some pretty good injuries by trying to do professional -- -- -- With gloves -- On the street. Palm -- is much safer and is a much more personal blow. The -- he'll start is a lot like the -- block that we showed -- earlier in that the power comes from the elbow. Pushing. -- palm heel into your assailant. An untrained person if they're trying to hit something -- tend to see him doing this. And their elbows -- way out and one as they have no power but to predict clearly exposed as just the wrong way to do it. The right way if you're gonna hit somebody. -- to have your elbows dropped in like this. And now you can use you're the traction but the rear wheel drive when your elbow. Driving your palm heel into your -- -- the other thing -- don't wanna do that -- involving. The -- Like involving the hips. I'm inherently involving my legs and getting my whole body weight. Behind this -- rather than just the small amount of weight room in my arms. If I don't use my hips. The reason upon -- is more versatile than the closest and therefore more desirable in most cases. He is because you can modulate. The amount of power behind it. Let's say -- -- a punch at me and I've caught on here -- six and here we are and now I'm gonna do something now the situation is such that. I need to strike him in order to get away. Well if I want to I can use my -- -- couldn't -- make contact. And just push him. Which case it becomes a strong shot or are you -- -- -- here don't move mark and phone. I can really hit him. So the fact that I'm not striking with something hard and striking would have something relatively soft. Allows me to gauge the amount of power used at any point when -- need to. But in practice it might look something like this here I am. Are there working on mark we're talking to him. Ideally would my hands on and off to the side and things go -- he wants me out of there whatever but he gets up he starts -- to go after me. And then. I struck -- if I need to giving me enough time. Hopefully to leave the area. The leg technique would like to show you is the rising the this is looks a lot like the universal. Kick block that we saw before this time -- he's coming up. -- not extending it in a kind of going out there it's just wait and -- put up here you trying to catch her sale somewhere in his lower body. Doesn't really matter when you catch him on the -- leg. The final leg if he's turned around a little bit on the outer elect or even -- -- going or even in the mid section. Rice -- coming up like that. Is unlikely to cause serious injury but should -- if somebody's attention should definitely serve its purpose. Of buying you a second or two. To get out of there. You might. Want to use. A rising need care. If you're tied up here say he started his assault we get tied up here and it's the momentum in the flow and the position my hands just isn't such that have a very convenient. Strike with -- -- Leo well that might be the time to remind me up and try to catch something. In the mid section. It could be just because it's the right thing to do at that time. And I might have this open this palm -- to the head and just think that. That's the more effective thing to do that's more appropriate thing to do -- appoint you at that point. That's what's gonna -- me the couple seconds I need to get out here. Realize that this rising need. Is a more skill technique. Then upon -- It's a more secure technique because -- coming on to one -- and you need to be able to maintain your balance throughout this whole cycle. If mark -- mark and I are tied up here and he's got the momentum. And I raise my knee and I'm -- balance he's gonna push me back. He's gonna gain the advantage in that fight I'm going to be in big trouble. So it takes some skill takes experience -- -- practice. To understand where and when we're tied up here. When that moment of opportunity is -- fired at me if I need to. It is only -- he can do -- practicing a little bit when you bodies to you can just sort of tie yourself up here. The sort of move around brought in trying to strike each other and find out how your momentum and the flow and the body Wimbledon back and forth. Opens and closes windows of opportunity for you to bring that -- up without being knocked over. So where do you go from here. We've given you some real basics in this program. But recognize that if the bad thing happens to you if you get assaulted you going to be in a fight. If you want to go farther than this if you wanna learn more than -- you really need to study fighting which means you need to get to some kind of fighting school be it. Martial arts school -- USC -- school. Even -- -- watching boxing would teach you a lot. We realize that fighting isn't part of your job description. It's not something you gonna do a lot of your career but remember the steps we sort of earlier than most EMTs are salted at least once if not multiple times during a career. So even -- -- -- your job description that may be something -- called upon to do just to save yourself. What we showed you. In this -- and techniques section of this program -- -- -- -- -- practice with a willing body he just need to go slow and easy so you don't hurt yourself. And you gonna have to naturally modulate your force when you're working -- -- -- don't -- -- But that's a good thing because. In the real world if you're salted you don't have to modulate -- forced to depending on the situation depending on the level of force that's justified. As we described in part one of this program. So you may sometimes be justified in striking very hard with -- Pompeo are just pushing with a -- we described. You may sometimes be justified in just raising your knee. Enough to push somebody off we may sometimes be justified. -- -- -- -- Enough to give them could -- -- pain because that's appropriate under the situation. But -- have fun get together with one or more your -- and practiced the stuff. Because it will help you. If the bad thing never happens to you on the job.