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Victim Removal from a Second Floor Window

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Tue, 10 Aug 2010|

Joe Alvarez discusses how to apply the technique of removing a downed firefighter via a ground ladder to removing a civilian victim in a similar way.


Automatically Generated Transcript (may not be 100% accurate)

[BLANK_AUDIO] [MUSIC] Welcome to Training Minutes I'm Joe Alvarez today we're gonna talk about victim removal from a second floor window we've been trained in the past how to remove down firefighters using a ground ladder and using a mechanical advantage that's attached to it. One of the most dangerous things to do is to remove a civilian down a ground ladder. Not only is this dangerous to remove a civilian from a second floor window via ground ladder but, also, it's very man-power intensive. What we're gonna do here is we're gonna utilize the same technique that we would use to remove a downed firefighter. And now we're gonna use that same technique. To removed a downed civilian. Okay. Now we're gonna be inside here startin' to package up the patient. Before we package up the patient, I wanna go over how we're gonna lift the patient. We're lifting the patient by utilizing a 35-foot ground ladder that's extended above the second floor window. We have a piece of half-inch two-person-rated lifeline, and a single carabiner. By tying an eight follow-through on the top rung and then looping the rope over the second rung of the ladder, we have now made a mechanical advantage so we can safely lift the civilian. Okay, now it's time to package our patient to remove. Remember, the reason why we're doing this is we cannot get the victim down the interior stairwell for a multiple of reasons. One being hose lines, firefighters clogging the stairwell. Or it could just be adverse conditions on the first floor, that we cannot bring this victim through that area. So we're gonna bring them out of the window. So now we're going to package this patient by using one inch tubular webbing and making a harness. What we're gonna do is we're gonna make a loop around the victim. Then we're gonna lift the arms up and we're gonna drape the first two portions across the mid-section. We have two loops. We're gonna lay them down. Then we're gonna move down, to the feet. And we're gonna pull, from the bottom up. We have, three loops now. We have one under each arm and one coming through between the legs. What we're gonna do is we're gonna pull it together. Now we have two large handles. If we had to, we could have used this to drag the victim to the window. What we're gonna do now is we're gonna make this into a full 3 point harness by going back over the victim's arms. And up over the shoulder blades. Then we're gonna take our line. Hook it up. Make sure it's secured, and then were gonna call for the haul. Ok, now that we've gotten the victim package its time to remove' em. What we're gonna do is the firefighters that are on the ground here are gonna utilize the rope as a mechanical advantage to get the victim up to the window seal. The firefighters that are still inside. Are gonna assist the victim out of the window. Okay? Start the haul guys. As you can see the mechanical advantage got the victim up very quickly. The firefighters that are upstairs are, are pushing the victim out of the window while the rope is holding the victim in place. Good? Every body set? Good. Now we're gonna start to lower the victim. As we're lowering the civilian, by utilizing the mechanical advantage, we can make that victim come down as fast or as slow as we want or need. As the victim gets lowered the firefighters on the ground will aid the assistance of laying down the victim down flat so the EMS can tend to him. We use the simple ground ladder and a piece of rope as a mechanical advantage to lower a civilian from this second floor burning building. We use this type of technique on downed firefighters, there's no reason why we can't use it on civilians. Thank you for watching Training Minutes and I'm Joe Alvarez.

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