Draining the Zuider Zee.

Issue 15 and Volume 1892 12.

Draining the Zuider Zee. The Zuider Zee is a large gulf penetrating deep into the Netherlands, about 60 miles in length and 210 miles in circumference. A number of small islands—the Texel, Vlieland, Ter Schelling, Ameland, etc.,—reaching in a chain from the most northern point of Holland, are the remains of the former line of coast, which form a breakwater against the North Sea. From Dunkirk in French Flanders to the north of Holland, the interior is defended from the sea by sandhills or. dunes. Here, as at the mouth of the Scheldt, the sand barrier was broken, and the waters overflowing the low lands, separated the province of Friesland from the peninsula of North Holland, and having united with the small inner lake Flevo, formed the present ZuiderZee. The decisive inundation occurred in 1282. For more than six centuries this encroachment of the sea has been endured, but when…

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