Ancient Roman Water-Works

Issue 4 and Volume 1893 13.

Ancient Roman Water-Works IN the reign of the Roman Emperor Nero, Rome was supplied by no fewer than nine large conduits, having an aggregate length of 255 miles, which delivered over 173,000,000 gallons daily. Afterwards the supply was increased to 312,500,000 gallons daily, equal to a rate of 325 gallons to each inhabitant. The Aqua Martia conduit, which alone supplied the drinking water, was sixteen feet in diameter and forty miles long. One of the principal aqueducts it crossed is remarkable for the grandeur of its dimensions, and for the skillfulness of its confiscation. It had to sustain three large conduits, the Julia, Sepula and the Aqua Martia, and the greatest precaution was excercised to prevent the two first from draining into the lower one, and thus deteriorating its waters. Strabo, in alluding to the skill of the Romans in the application of hydraulics, remarks that not only were there…

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