Issue 11 and Volume 42.

THE IMPROVED SMITH MACHINE. About two decades ago the most primitive methods existed as to the tools used in waterworks practice. At that time Anthony P. Smith, water purveyor of Newark, N. J., realised that some machine could be devised to lessen the time and avoid accidents to pipes, while making connections in mains. The result was the production of the Smith tapping apparatus, which has proved a remarkable success and a great aid to the man in charge of waterworks distribution. The machine is recognised as the most useful tool ever introduced into waterworks service, and its merits became so quickly recognised that all the leading departments everywhere were soon provided with them. The illustration accompanying this article is that of the improved machine, which has been made better by changing the manner of working the rachet from the end to a side-movement. This alteration has proved a great…

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