Issue 26 and Volume 53.

WATER SUPPLY POLLUTED BY PRIVATE FIRE SERVICE Of late years it has become the policy of fire insurance organizations and underwriter bureaus throughout the country to require industrial risks to have two systems of fire service, a primary service, usually from the public water works supply, and a secondary service from a private source, with pumps, tanks, etc. This double requirement was to provide against loss of fire protection in case either of the systems should prove inoperative for some reason or other. In the eastern part of the country, particularly in manufacturing centers, where the factory mutuals did the bulk of the underwriting business, the two systems of fire service have been in practice for over 25 years. In some cases the usual conditions of supply were reversed, and, instead of the public water works system being the primary service, it became simply an auxiliary or secondary supply, but…

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