Issue 7 and Volume 63.

FROST EFFECTS ON WATER PIPES. One of the effects of the unprecedented severe and continued cold that has been the feature of the present winter, is the depth to which the frost has penetrated the ground, and the consequent ill effects on the water pipes of the water works of the country. In many of the cities in the more northerly sections the frost has penetrated to a depth of from fotir to six feet, and in consequence the service pipes running from mains and even the mains themselves, are frozen. In the city of Boston, of which, by the way, a very interesting report of the water and high pressure services is published in another column, the greatest depth of frost since the year 1874, has been experienced. According to Christopher J. Carven, engineer in charge of the water service, the frost has penetrated the ground to a depth…

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