Artificial Respiration for Young Children The American Medical Journal recently explained a new method of artificial respiration for children under two years of age. The child is held on the outstretched arm of the operator, with the head face-down in the operator’s hand and the legs straddling the elbow joint. The tongue is depressed with a finger. Beginning with the forearm parallel to the ground, the operator raises and lowers the arm and baby eight to twelve times a minute in a 90-degree arc bisected by the parallel. The baby’s abdominal organs push and tug on the diaphragm, forcing air in and out of the lungs. The easily learned method prevents injuries that might be possible with some other methods.