Issue 11 and Volume 141.

MAJOR LESSONS LEARNED AND LESSONS REINFORCED Portable radios should not be relied upon as the only means of below-decks communications; creative backup systems must be discussed in advance and well-rehearsed. The ship’s fire main water supply system should not be relied upon with “blind faith”; backup water supplies from landside should supplement any attack strategy. The removal of just one casualty from below decks can take up to four firefighters, thus eliminating one engine company from other duties. As a safety precaution, all firefighters should be equipped with their own personal handlight. Vest/armband identification of “key players” in the Incident Command System should be broadened to identify even those serving in secondary roles. Optimal use of the Incident Command System will depend on the frequency and quality of “dress rehearsals.” There is no substitute for a well-thought-out preplan when confronted with a large-scale multiagency disaster. The overall fireground strategy must…

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