Leadership

COLLAPSE SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS: TACTICS AND PROCEDURES

Issue 6 and Volume 146.

COLLAPSE SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS: TACTICS AND PROCEDURES PART 2: SIZE-UP AND SAFETY This article, the second in a series on collapse search and rescue operations (See Part 1 in the May 1993 issue of Fire Engineering), discusses sizing up voids, evaluating hazard potential, and ensuring safety during operations, as preparation for an in-depth analysis of shoring and cribbing techniques. To help the void team officer in the size-up, the nine-point acronym FAST. VO.I.D.S. was developed: F – Fire A – Additional collapse potential S – Structure type and condition T – Trapped occupants V – Void type O – Occupancy type I – Immediate utility shutdown D – Day or night S – Situation that caused collapse FIRE The threat of fire always exists at any collapse situation. In addition, the possibility of an explosion always exists in the initial collapse stages, since gas lines or pressurized cylinders may…

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