Firefighting

Residential Preincident Intelligence

Issue 8 and Volume 154.

By Eric G. Bachman Residential Intelligence Entails understanding the residential types that exist and the challenges they present and using this knowledge to prepare for emergency operations. Photos by the author A preincident survey program can help a fire department in many ways. Members can use the information to calculate fire flows, identify the necessary response equipment, and provide for other contingencies. Survey results allow a department to prepare a site drawing that highlights special hazards and identifies access points and utility locations; determine census, hours of operation, and emergency contacts; and identify training and response deficiencies. Click here to enlarge image When prioritizing preincident survey facilities, it is beneficial to categorize target hazards by type. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 101, Code for Safety to Life from Fire in Buildings and Structures-1997, provides the following categories: assembly, educational, industrial, health care, detention and correctional, mercantile, business, storage, day care,…

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