Issue 11 and Volume 156.

BY ROGER L. KEMP, Ph.D. Federal and state officials have made substantial progress in the field of homeland security since September 2001. City and county managers and their elected officials, however, are at the forefront of this movement. After all, local governments were the first responders to the terrorist acts of September 11. Although national and state leadership are essential, the future of homeland security will depend on preparedness initiatives at the local level. Local public officials have developed new emergency management practices, applied new computer software to this field, and have begun to modify local codes to enhance safeguards to protect citizens. All of these new measures fall into one or more of the four phases of emergency management: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. In less than two years, states have standardized many of their practices in emergency management for cities and counties within their respective boundaries. The national…

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