Wildland Firefighting

Role of the Type I Engine

Issue 12 and Volume 172.

Wildland Urban Interface ❘ By Bryan McLean The uses of Type I engines have evolved over the years. Initially, they were used almost exclusively for structural firefighting and protection in the wildland fire arena. However, with larger campaign wildfires, more structures being built in the wildland urban interface (WUI), and resource drawdowns becoming more common, they are being requested more often. The National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) types of resources are based on a set of minimum capabilities. For example, some minimum features of a Type I engine are a 300-gallon tank capacity, a 1,000-gallon-per-minute pump rate, a master stream, four personnel, and so on.1 The NWCG also refers to Type I and Type II engines as structure engines. Traditionally, this is true; however, depending on the equipment complement and number of personnel, these engines can perform multiple roles. (1) A Type I engine prepares to defend structures as the…

Subscribe to unlock this content

Subscribe Now