What percentage of fire departments currently mandate or specify flame resistant (FR) station wear:
Flame resistant (FR) clothing is:
a) Engineered to self-extinguish upon removal of the ignition source.
b) Made from natural or synthetic fabrics.
c) Designed to limit (not eliminate) burn injury.
d) Made to provide an additional layer of protection when incorporated with primary PPE and a minimal layer of protection when worn as the outermost layer.
e) All of the above.
True or False. Turnout gear is designed to protect firefighters under extreme conditions but in the rare event that it fails due to extended or intense exposure to a thermal hazard, the result will be fatal.
Independent research cites all of the following factors that contribute to greater hazards faced by firefighters in residential fires, EXCEPT:
a) Larger homes
b) More open floor plans
c) Void spaces
d) Evolving fuel loads
e) Changing building materials
f) Denser neighborhoods
About what percentage of the time do firefighters actually fight fires?
Current standards permit the following clothing to be worn underneath turnout gear:
a) Clothing made from 100% natural fibers.
b) These standards are voluntary, so fire departments can choose.
c) Flame resistant (FR) clothing.
d) All of the above.
Which of these situations below are reasons that “what you wear under your primary PPE matters?”
a) Structural fires burn hotter than in the past
b) Unforeseen thermal exposures do occur
c) When thermal energy exceeds structural PPE’s abilities, it can penetrate and also affect under layers (although rare).
d) All of the above
Which NFPA standard provides requirements for the design, performance, testing, and certification of emergency services work apparel?
Which of the following are critical factors leading to the misconception that what you wear under your PPE does not matter?
a) No mandatory reporting database of firefighter injuries where station wear is a contributing factor to burn injury
b) Many firefighters’ burn injuries are kept confidential for a multitude of reasons
c) Widely reported data on firefighter fatalities
d) All of the above
True or False: The Thermal Protective Performance (TPP) test used in NFPA® 1971 is designed to give the estimated time to second degree burn in flashover conditions.