After-Action Report Released on Orlando Nightclub Shooting

Pulse Nightclub Memorial

Photo courtesy of Steven Hamilton

The City of Orlando (FL) has released an independent firm’s report on the fire department response to the 2016 attack on the Pulse nightclub, which killed 49 people and injured more than 50 other people.

Orlando Fire Chief Roderick Williams requested this review from the National Police Foundation, an independent research organization. It provides information, context, lessons learned and promising practices, as well as opportunities to improve the agency’s response to mass violent events.

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The report finds that the Orlando Fire Department’s response that morning was “reflective of existing department policies, as well as fire and emergency medical services generally accepted national practices.” Also, recognizing that the “threat of mass casualty attacks represent a continuing, if not growing, threat requires all public safety agencies to continuously evaluate and adapt training, policies and strategies.”

The report analyzes 10 areas of the response to Pulse: leadership and relationships, mutual aid, post-incident demands, command and incident management, policies, training, equipment, and first responder’s mental health and wellness.

Read the complete report at


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