Main Street Memo: Half-Stories

Main Street Memo on half-stories

By Joe Pronesti, Chris Tobin, and Alexis Shady

Download a training PDF as a refresher on some of the construction dangers your firefighters may encounter with “Main Street” buildings.

This bulletin concerns half-story buildings, namely any structure with a top floor that starts at the roofline (that is, without a full wall between floors to the roofline).

Download as a PDF.


Killer in the Attic: Fire Operations in Half-Stories

Fires in 2½-Story Wood-Frame Dwellings

Jonathan Hall: The Hazards of Knee Walls

JOSEPH PRONESTI is a 31-year veteran of the Elyria (OH) Fire Department, where he is a shift commander. He is a graduate of the Ohio Fire Chiefs’ Executive Officer program and a lead instructor at the Cuyahoga (OH) County Community College Fire Academy. He is a contributor to fire service publications and sites, including Fire Engineering,, and

CHRISTOPHER TOBIN is a firefighter assigned to St. Louis (MO) Fire Department Rescue 2.

ALEXIS SHADY is a firefighter/paramedic with the Richmond Heights (MO) Fire Department.


Main Street Memo: Transom Windows

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