A FEW WATER WORKS SYSTEMS

A FEW WATER WORKS SYSTEMS

Arizona.

Springs are the source of water supply of Jerome and Clarkdale, and are located three to eight miles from the business centre. Water is conveyed by gravity and there are 11 miles of wrought iron mains and 60,040 feet of service pipes in use. The distributing reservoir has a capacity of 500,000,000 gals. The biters have a capacity of 500 per minute. There arc 1,223 service taps, 46 meters, and 70 Ludlow hydrants. The water system is owned by a company, the Upper Verde Public Utilities, and R. C. Lane is manager.

W. V. Thornton is superintendent of the water works of Nogales, which is owned by the municipality. The source of supply is a river, 5 ½ miles from the business centre. The pumping equipment consists of two De La Vergne oil engines bolted to two 9×16 Gould triplex pumps. There is a reservoir of 900,000,000 gallons capacity, and nine miles of mains. The total number of taps is 812, and 800 of the services are metered, the meters in use including: Thomson, National. Worthington, Neptune and Keystone. The water is filtered and the daily consumption of water is from 350,000 to 600,000 gallons. The population is 6,000.

The source of supply of Tombstone is springs 28 miles away, and the mode of supply is gravity. There are 35 miles of wrought iron mains and there are about six miles of service pipes. The population is 2,500, and the total number of taps is 400, all metered, the meters in use being the following makes: Empire, Nash, Lambert and Keystone. The average water pressure is 150 pounds. The total cost to date of the plant, owned by the Huachuca Water Company, is $560,000. A. H. Gardner is manager.

Alabama.

The water system of Talledega is supplied by two wells eight inches in diameter and 400 feet deep, located oneeighth of a mile from the business centre. One electrically-operated Worthington pump and two compound Worthington pumping units are employed, the standpipe having a capacity of 146,000 gallons. It is of iron construction. The population numbers 7.000, using 700 taps, 650 of which are metered, and the average daily consumption is 110 gallons. Liquid chlorine is the sterilizing agent employed. There are 12 miles of cast iron mains and 97 hydrants. The plant is municipally owned and its superintendent is J. R. Keller, who has supervision of all purchases. extensions, etc.

Opelika, which has a population of 5,500. is served by a water system having its source of supply in a creek two and a half miles from the business centre. Two hydro-electric pumps are used, of Platt and Worthington makes, in connection with a 18×100 feet iron standpipe, having a capacity of 200,000 gallons, built by the R. D. Cole Manufacturing Company. The reservoir, which has a 7,000,000 capacity, is located 50 feet above the business center. Two tubular boilers of 150 horsepower each, CaseyHedges make, are employed. A concrete gravity method furnishes the filtration and the filters, which were installed in 1912, have a capacity of 500 gallons per minute. Alum is the coagulant used and there is a clear water basin of 50,000 gallons capacity. Fourteen miles of lead, iron and cement main are required to supply the town, which uses 610 taps, most of which are metered by the Hersey system. The average per capita daily consumption is 20 gallons. The average pumping cost per 1,000,000 gallons is $3.18. To city and public institutions 225,000 gallons are furnished free. Eighty-two hydrants, made bv the Ludlow Valve Mfg. Co., supply fire protection at an annual rental of $35 each, and have a pressure of 250 pounds. The domestic pressure averages 45 pounds. The plant is municially owned and has cost $35,000 to date. H. G. Clift is manager of the water department and G. B. Foss superintendent ot water works, with L. M. Alford as chief engineer of the pumping plant and W. L. Crayton, chief meter inspector.

The population of Uniontown, 1,800, obtains its water from an artesian well, 1,200 feet deep. There are 255 taps and 250 meters. Average domestic pressure is 35 pounds, the fire pressure being 120 pounds. A reservoir has about 100,000 gallons capacity, and an iron cylindrical standpipe has 100,000 gallons capacity. Pumping equipment is two Smedley compound pumps and two Ingersoll-Sargents. The average daily consumption is about 100,000 gallons. S. P. Harwood is the manager and superintendent of the water works, which are owned by the municipality.

In Mobile, creeks situated seven to eleven miles from the business centre form the source of supply. Three Worthington and two Holly pumping engines are used, the reservoir being 210 feet above the business center. It has a capacity of 20,000,000 gallons. Seven boilers furnish 1,050 horsepower, and a hypochlorite system of sterilization is employed. The mains are of galvanized and cast iron and 173 miles have been laid. Service pipes are galvanized iron; 12,860 taps are required to serve the population of 65,000, and of these 6,670 are metered. Fire hydrants, 979 in number, have free water. The average daily consumption is 123 gallons, which includes commercial consumption. About 8,000,000 gallons are pumped daily, the average domestic pressure being 81 pounds. The system is municipally owned and the water works are under the superintendency of C. W. Soost.

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