A New Fire Escape

A New Fire Escape

A newly-invented fire escape includes a support in the form of a ladder, and a vertically moving cage, with means for moving the cage upward or downward. The illustrations, which give a clear idea of the invention, show the following: Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a fire escape in accordance with this invention. Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view upon an enlarged scale, and showing the cage in side elevation. Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 and showing the cage in front elevation. Fig. 4 is a fragmentary view of the cage. Fig. 5 is a section on line 5—5, Fig. 1, with the drum removed. Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the winding drum and Fig. 7 is a fragmentary view illustrating one end of the winding drum and locking device therefor.

When the cage is in the position shown in Fig. 1, a person can enter the same from over the top of the ladder or a fireman can stand in the cage and assist in the rescuing of a person from the building -without any danger of falling. After a person has entered the cage or been placed in the cage by a rescuer, the cage is lowered by operating the drum 13. When the cage arrives at the lower portion of the ladder, the bar 32 is swung outwardly and the person can leave the cage or be removed therefrom. The rod 32 can be shifted outwardly when the cage is at any desired point on the ladder so that a person can leave the cage and descend on the ladder.

Details of New Fire Escape

The fire escape is the invention of Frank Guidice, of New York City, whose application was filed February 27, 1924, the serial number being 695,505. The patent was granted July 2, 1924, the number being 1,501,991.

A NEW FIRE ESCAPE.

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A NEW FIRE ESCAPE.

A novel fire escape has been patented by Mills & Younger, of Hamilton, Ont., in Canada and United States and Europe. An exhibit of its working was recently given at the Mercer reformatory in Toronto. The escape is built on the principle of an elevator, and is operated outside the building, access to it being by doors or windows. The one set up is placed against the rear wall of the west wring of the reformatory, and reaches to the top story. The escape consists of a steel elevator cage, which runs up and down inside two light, but well-braced, angle steel guides. Alt the parts are of steel, and the cage operates automatically. The escapes are built to carry from one to twenty persons. By the action of counter-weights, the cage is always kept at the top, and it is brought to the ground by the weight of the passengers. A governor regulates the speed of the cage, and keeps it from running too fast.

As soon as the elevator touches the bottom the door, which is locked, flies open of its own accord. The cage con be stopped at any stage in its descent by means of a brake, operated by the passengers or from the ground. As soon as the inmates of the cage reach terra Anna and step out, by pulling a lever, the elevator rises of its own accord until it reaches the top. By pulling a wire which reaches to the ground, und can be operated from there, the cage can be stopped at any story as it rises.

By making a few slight changes, the fire escape can be used as an elevator or hoist, and cun be built to curry any weight. It can be operated by hand or by means of a motor. It is specially adapted for large warehouses, and can be arranged so as to take the place of a freight elevator outside the building. Elevator and hoist shafts of every description are the cause of the rapid spread of fires in buildings, so much so that architects are now of the opinion that elevator shafts should lie built outside the walls. By having one of these escapes built outside, it can be used as a hoist and as a fire escape, and Will give more space in a warehouse. One of these fire escapes was built last year at the Hamilton asylum, and has given much satisfaction. The one built at the Mercer reformatory would empty the upper stories of the building of inmates in about ten minutes. All the parts are built of the best steel, and cannot be destroyed by fire. The cost of the fire escape is very small