A System of Watershed Inspection.
The annual report of the department of public safety for Syracuse is made up in part of the report of the inspector of the city water supply, which is Skaneateles lake. The methods employed to bring about the safeguarding of this take, while in a measure adapted to the local conditions, nevertheless have general interest. The general plan is easily apprehended irrespective of the mention of local boundaries. The report says: “In order that more careful inspection could be made and a better sanitation arrived at the State commission of health instituted the follow ing system:
“The watershed has been divided into threedistricts. * * * The purpose of dividing the watershed into districts is to bring about a higher degree of sanitation to that part of watershed lying in close relation to the intake. Reference will he made to the prohibited area of each district after the three zones have been ex plained. Zone 1 includes all of tbe surface are., that lies within fifty feet of the lake or its inlets. Zone 2 includes all of the surface area lying within 150 feet of (he lake or its inlets. Zon 5 3 includes all of tbe remainder of the wale, lied. By the prohibited area is meant that part f the watershed on wdiich no nuisance is allowed o be maintained. This area differs in each d ‘ict. District A 50 feet, in District B 30 fe , District C 10 feet.
“Total number of dwellings, camps and cottages on the watershed—695. The total number of violations reported, 91. Violations at these habitations, 130. Number of violations corrected. 91. Actions pending, 39. Habitations in district . Zone 1, 20. Violations, 32. District A. Zone 2, 1 habitation and 1 violation. District A, Zone 3, habitations 6; violations, 7. District B, Zone 1, 12 habitations; violations. District 15. Zone 2, 2 habitations; 5 violations District B. Zone 3. 11 habitations; Iti violations. District C. Zone I. 17 habitations; 21 violations. District C. Zone 2. (I habitations; 0 violations. District C. Zone 3. 22 habitations; 21 violations
“X.XTI KK OF Violations.—Human excreta, 26: disposition of waste water, 29; animals wading in streams, 17; location of barns and condition of farm yards, 57: location of slaughter house, 1: total number of dead animals found on watersited, 7; total number of dead animals safely buried, 7; total number of violations, 137; total number of primary inspections, 1,500; approximate number of secondary inspections, 1.000; number of samples of water taken at the intake and delivered to the City Bacteriologist, 5; number of samples of water taken at city reservoir, 2.
“Another important step in tbe systematization of inspection has been introduced during the past year, namely: the production of a complete index map of the lake and watershed. This map and a corresponding record bonk afford a reference by which each zone and district can be traced as well as the exact location of each habitation and the name and address of tbe owner.
“In Zone I the city instituted a system of sanitary cans. The contents of these cans was disposed of in a sanitary manner, once a week either by l oat nr wagon. During the season of 1908. two hotels, one cottage and one barn—all of which were a dangerous source of contamination—were purchased by the city and disposed • The city purchased a strip of land along Bear Swamp Creek. By this act the nuisance front the E. B. Rounds farmyard was abated. An aseptic tank has been instituted at Glen Haven. By this tank the sewage from the sanitarium and eight cottages is made aseptic before reaching the lake. Ten aseptic farmyard drains have been instituted along the shores of the lake. The city has affected the removal and erection of twelve closets, also the removal of otic barn.
“The prompt action the city has taken in correcting each violation reported is deserving of the highest commendation. In a word, it would seem that no stone has been left unturned that might hide a menace to the city water supply In closing it might be well to state that a good feeling is prevalent toward tbe city amongst the nhahttants on the watershed.”