AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION
Remarkable History of the Organization—From a Small Beginning of Twenty Members in 1881, It Has Grown to Its Present Importance and Influence Membership Circles the Globe, and Includes Every State
PURSUANT to a call by W. C. Stripe, superintendent of the Keokuk, Ia., Water Company, twenty earnest water works men met in Engineering Hall of the Washington University of St. Louis, Mo., on March 29, 1881, and formed the American Water Works Association. It was a very modest beginning that was made by this little band, but as John Caulfield said in his presidential address in Buffalo at the eighteenth convention, these men “budded wiser then they knew.” With the years have come great growth and splendid accomplishments from the act of this comparative handful of enthusiasts in thus meeting and formulating an association “for the mutual advantage of consumers and water companies and for the economy and uniformity in operation of water works,” as expressed in the preamble to the first constitution.
Perhaps one reason for the remarkable efficiency of administration and the many accomplishments of the association is the fact that, while the offices of president, vice-president and the various committees have rotated, thus giving the association the advantage of new blood and new ideas in the conduct of its affairs, there has ever been a connecting link between the various administrations in the office of secretary. In the thirty-eight years of its existence, the association has had only three secretaries. Their names and the length of their terms of office are as follows: J. H. Decker, served 1881 to 1889 and 1891-92; Peter Milne, served from 1892 to 1902, and John M. Diven, the present incumbent, who first was elected 1889 to 1890-91, and again in 1902, serving the association until the present time.
At the first meeting of the association, in St. Louis, before referred to, the members decided by vote to discuss the following ten subjects: 1, Fuel; 2, Mains; 3, Service Pipes; 4. Rates; 5, Waste; 6, Fire Hydrants; 7. “Ellis Tables;” 8, Various Systems; 9, Sleeves, and 10, Work of Plumbers. On the second day, March 30, the following constitution was adopted :
We, the undersigned, desirous of forming an association for the exchange of information pertaining to the management of water works, for the mutual advantage of consumers and water companies and for the purpose of securing economy and uniformity in operation of water works, do hereby associate and adopt the following constitution and by-laws:
The name of this association shall be the American Water Works Association.
Sec. 1.—The officers of this association shall consist of a president, five vice-presidents (who shall respectively be residents of different States) a secretary and a treasurer. All of the above officers shall be elected annually and shall serve for one year or until their successors have been elected.
Sec. 2.—The president shall preside at all meetings. In his absence, one of the vice-presidents shall preside.
Sec. 3.—The officers of this association shall, ex-officio, constitute an executive committee.
Sec. 4.—The executive committee shall have control of properties and management of affairs of the association, shall provide suitable rooms for all annual meetings, may suggest topics for discussion, and shall have power to expend the funds of the association. provided, that no indebtedness shall be incurred exceeding the amount of the funds in the hands of the treasurer. It shall have power to call special meetings of the association.
Sec. 5.—The secretary shall keep the minutes of all meetings, conduct all correspondence, receipt for all fees and dues, and turn over to the treasurer all moneys received, taking his receipt therefor. He shall have such compensation as the executive committee shall determine.
Sec. 6.-—It shall be the duty of the treasurer to receive from the secretary all moneys for the association, to keep correct account of all receipts and expenditures and pay all demands against the association, when approved by the president. At annual meetings he shall exhibit a statement of his accounts. The treasurer shall give such bond as may be regulated by the executive committee.
Sec. 1.—All persons connected with the construction and management of water works shall be eligible for membership. Any person applying for membership shall make a written application to the secretary, stating his name, age, residence, business, and position, accompanying his application with the regular initiation fee. The secretary shall refer each application to the president and with the latter’s approval, shall issue a certificate of membership.
Sec. 2.—All persons or firms engaged in furnishing material for the construction and maintenance of water works, desiring to join the association, may be admitted as honorary members, by the usual form, on the payment of an initiation fee of ten dollars and be entitled to one representative at each meeting.
Amendments to the constitution and by-laws must be in writing and may be made at any regular meeting, by a vote of two-thirds of the members present.
The annual meeting of the association for election of officers and transaction of business shall be held on the second Tuesday in March of each year. At each annual meeting the place of holding the subsequent meeting shall be determined upon by ballot.
Article II.—Order of Business.
The president shall take the chair at the appointed hour and the order of business shall be as follows:
- Call of roll.
- Reading of minutes of last meeting.
- Reading of all letters and communications.
- Reports of secretary, treasurer, and committees.
- Unfinished business.
- New business.
Article III.—Dues and Fees.
The initiation fee shall be five dollars.
The annual dues shall be two dollars.
This constitution, which, it is needless to say, has been superseded, was signed by twenty men, who thus became the founders and charter members of the American Water Works Association. Their names are well worth recording, and are as follows:
Sylvester Watts, St. Louis, Mo.
J. G. Briggs, Terre Haute, Ind.
W. C. Stripe, Keokuk, la.
Ira A. Holly, Burlington, la.
H. G. Belcke. Peoria, Ill.
J. B. Quigley, Atchison, Kan.
M. X. Chuse, Bloomington, Ill.
W. Donohue. Davenport, la.
William Ratekin, Jacksonville, Fla.
W. L. Cameron, Memphis, Tenn.
Thomas J. Whitman, St. Louis, Mo.
W. L. Holman, St. Louis, Mo.
J. H. Decker, Hannibal. Missouri.
J. F. Foster, Chicago, Illinois.
H. D. Wood, Hannibal, Missouri.
C. E. Gray, St. Louis, Missouri.
Charles A. Smith, St. Louis, Missouri.
John I. Hely, St. Louis, Missouri.
F. William Raeder, St. Louis, Missouri.
William H. Burham. Batavia, Illinois.
Of these charter members only M. L. Holman (honorary) is now a member of the association; Ira A. Holly and W. L. Cameron, both honorary members, died late in 1918.
There were four honorary (afterward called associate) members as follows: Shickle, Harrison & Howard Iron Company, St. Louis; Dennis, Long & Co., Louisville, Ky.; N. O. Nelson & Co., St. Louis, and Ripley & Kimball, St. Louis. None of these firms are now members of the association. A significant feature of this first meeting of the association was the wide geographical distribution of the membership, there being no less than seven states represented among the twenty men who signed the constitution. The convention covered three days in duration, March 29, 30 and 31. One of the subjects which provoked much discussion was that of water meters, then a comparatively new one. Even at that early day the trend of the talk was decidedly in favor of the use of meters both as a preventative of water waste and as a saving for the consumer. As an instance of what might be saved bv placing a meter, Mr. Whitman cited a case where a year before a meter was placed in a house where the tax allowed a consumption of 400 gallons per day. It was found by the meter register that 2.800 gallons were being used. Then, after the user had been cautioned against waste, but not to restrict the needful amount of water, a record of little over the allotted 400 gallons was found. Mr. Whitman stated that it cost the city of St. Louis $,500,000 annually in fuel alone to cover the water waste.
Several other papers of interest on the subjects before detailed were listened to by the members. The first exhibit was made the second day of the convention, when “Mr. Hunt, representing Furney’s patent water regulator stated that he had placed one in the Manual Training School of the University, and would be pleased to have the members examine it after adjournment.”
The officers elected at this meeting to serve for the ensuing year were: President, Col. J. F. Foster; vicepresidents, William C. Stripe, Prof. Charles A. Smith, W. L. Cameron, M. X. Chuse and J. G. Briggs; Treasurer, H. D. Wood, and Secretary, J. H. Decker.
After the convention, a detailed report of the proceedings was printed and copies were forwarded to all of the water companies in the United States. This plan bore fruit in that it brought home to the companies the extreme importance to them of the association, its aims and its work.
The Second Cqnvention.
‘I’he second convention was held in Columbus, Ohio, on March 14, 15, and 16, 1882, Col. J. T. Foster again being elected as president, and the following as vicepresidents: J. G. Briggs, W. C. Stripe, J. J. R. Croes, Thos. J. Bill, and E. Darling. At this convention a very interesting paper was read by M. L. Holman, C. E., on “Graphical Methods of Studying Efficiency of Water Distribution Systems and Performances of Fire Engines.” Another was by John C. Kelly, of New York, on the benefits of the meter system as shown by practical results. At the close of the session, a banquet was tendered to the members by the trustees of the Columbus Water Works. The register of this meeting shows the names William Molis, Muscatine, la., and Galvin S. Brown, Toledo, Ohio, both still active members of the association. The earliest associate members registered at this convention and still members of the association are:
Union Water Meter Company, Worcester. Mass.; Jarecki, Hays & Co., (Hays Manufacturing Company) Erie, Pa.; Bingham & Morgan, (W. P. Taylor & Co.) Buffalo, X. Y.; Ludlow Valve Manufacturing Company, Troy, N. Y.; National Meter Company, New York; H. Mueller, Decatur, 111.
First Convention Held in Buffalo.
The third annual gathering of the association was notable from the fact that it was held in the city of Buffalo, N. Y., this year’s convention city. The meeting opened at McArthur’s Hall, on May 15, 1883, and lasted until May 17, Vice-president Briggs calling the meeting to order in the absence of the president. One of the most interesting papers of this meeting was presented by J. J. R. Croes. on “Methods of Filtration in United States and Europe.” At this convention the title of Honorary Member was changed to Associate Member. J. G. Briggs. Terre Haute. Ind.. was elected president, and the following vicepresidents: W. C. Stripe, J. J. R. Croes. L. H. Gardiner, Carl Schon and G. A. Ellis.
Cincinnati, Ohio, was the place of meeting of the fourth annual convention of the association, and the dates were April 15, 16. and 17, 1884. 1 here were present 37 members, out of a total of 103, and 14 associate members out of a total of 33. L. H. Gardiner, New Orleans, La, was elected president for the ensuing term, and the following as vice-presidents: W. C. Stripe, E. Darling, G. A. Ellis, A. G. Moore, and B. F. Jones. At this meeting the retiring president, J. G. Briggs, made a stirring address, saying in part: “As our association is comparatively in its infancy, it might be pertinent to give a public answer to a question which has been asked me, ‘What Is the Object of Your Water Works Association?’ My reply has been, ‘To solve the problem of furnishing water at satisfactory and equitable rates to both corporations and consumers.’ An answer in which all of our members will concur, and which we could with propriety adopt as our motto. And it is a problem, for there is no vendable article on the face of the earth where the views of the seller and the buyer differ as much in regard to quality and value as hydrant water. . . . Previous to the organization of this association we were isolated. Few of us had been educated for this peculiar avocation. . . . Seeing the necessity of an interchange of these views and experiences, a meeting was called in St. Louis in 1881. with the intention of originating a Western association, but the benefits to be derived were so apparent that we at once concluded . . . to make it American in the broadest sense; to throw it open to the whole continent and I am pleased to say that Canada, as well a-; nearly every State in the Union promptly responded.”
At this convention, the discussions and papers were on the subjects: Ohio river water; questions and answers; perfect duty; is it desirable to compound an engine working against a fixed load? Hydraulic and electric motors; special application for fire protection: mains laid under streams; annual reports; water meters; hydraulic tables.
The following resolution was adopted: “Resolved. That it is the opinion of this association that meters do measure water generally correctly, and that where they make mistakes it is invariably in favor of the consumer.”
A Meeting in Boston.
The fifth convention met in Boston, Mass., on April 21, 22, and 23. 1885, President I.. 11. Gardiner in the chair. There were present 33 members out of a total of 135, anti 10 associates, out of a total of 38. Fifteen new members and three associates were elected. Among the topics discussed were water waste; rules and regulations; self-closing plumbers’ work; steam boilers; pumping engines; perfect duty; Kalimein pipe; cast iron pipe; evaporative power of steam coals; annual reports; and duty trials of pumping engines. Peter Milne, who afterward served long as secretary, was chosen as president and the following as vice-presidents: G. A. Ellis, E. Darling, A. G. Moore, B. F. Jones and W. J. Milner.
President Peter Milne, Jr., called the sixth meeting to order at 10:30, June 23, 1886. The convention embraced June 24 and 25, and was held in Denver, Col. At this meeting there were elected 21 new members, and four new associates. This brought the total up to 168 members and 42 associate members. B. F. Jones, Kansas City, Mo., was elected president, and the following as vice-presidents: W. L. Cameron, H. G. Holden, J. M. Diven, W. J. Milner and R. Plolmes. The topics discussed included: setting and care of water meters; ground water as supply for cities; recording gauges for steam and water; discipline in pumping stations; fungus growth in spring water; pumping engines; public supply water (surface, impounded, shallow and artesian wells) ; tests of evaporative power of various coals; steam boilers ; street mains ; private! water companies and standard specifications for cast iron pipe. The seventh annual conven tion was held in Minneapolis, M inn., President B. F. Jones presiding. At this meeting J. T. Fanning was elected as president for the ensuing year, and J. M. Diven, W. J. Milner, J. W. Henion, J. I’. Donahue and H. Y. Ayres as vice—presidents. The dates of this meeting were July 13, 14, and 15, 1887.
In 1888, the association met much earlier in the year, the dates being April 16, 17, and 18. The president chosen at this convention was A. X. Denman. Des Moines, la., and the vice-presidents: J. M. Diven, W. G. Richards, J. W. Henion, C. N. Priddy and H. W. Ayres. The meeting place this year was in Cleveland. Ohio.
Mr. Diven’s First Term as Secretary
Louisville, Ky., was the meeting place in 1889. the dates of the convention being April 16, 17. and 18. The president chosen to serve for 1889-90 was J. H. Decker, Salina, Kan., and the vice-presidents: W. G. Richards, W. Ryle, H. G. I lolden, W. L. Cameron and Charles N. Priddy. As the then secretary had been elected president, John M. Diven was chosen as his successor. Mr. Diven served this term and the following, after which he was succeeded by Peter Milne, he being chosen as president at the 1891 convention.
The convention convened in Chicago, Ill., for the first time in 1890, the meeting being called for May 20, 21, and 22. William B. Bull, of Quincy, Ill., was elected president, and G. H. Benzenberg, J. A. Bond, J. L. Lyman, R. N. Ellis and H. F. Dunham as vice-presidents.
First Four Day Convention
The eleventh convention, which was held in the city of Philadelphia, Pa., on April 16, 17, 18, and 19, 1891, was notable in that it covered four days, one more than the usual time, and also that the newly elected president was the man who has since served the association so long and faithfully as its secretary. John M. Diven, then of Elmira, N. Y., was elected as presiding officer for the year 1891-2. The vice-presidents were: G. H. Benzenberg. J. I.. Ogden, J. A. Bond, 11. G. Holden and W. G. Richards.
Peter Milne Becomes Secretary.
1892 again saw the meeting in the East, New York City being honored with the meeting. The dates of this convention were quite late in the year, September 5, 6, 7, 8. and 9. This was one of the longest conventions in duration of any so far held by the association, it covering a period of five days. George H. Benzenberg was elected president, and J. P. Donahue, R. C. P. Coggeschal, R. M. C layton, S. E. Babcock and W. H. Watts as vicepresidents. At this convention Peter Milne assumed the duties of secretary for the ensuing year, a post he held, as before noted, until his death in 1902.
In 1893 the association again shifted its meeting place to the West. Milwaukee, Wis., being chosen, the dates being May 17 to 20. J. P. Donahue w as elected president, and W. Ryle, H. G. Holden, C. E. Bolling, John Caulfield and F. A. Davis, vice-presidents.
Minneapolis had its second convention in 1894, on August 21 to 23. There was an unusually large exhibit at this convention, which was held in the rotunda of the West Hotel. William Ryle, of Paterson, N. J., was chosen as president, the vice-presidents being: F. A. W. Davis, C. M. Foote, J. H. Harlow, W. G. Richards and W. E. Hawks.
The South was honored in 1895, Atlanta, Ga., being chosen as the meeting place, and the convention convening on May 28. 29, and 30. The president elected at this session was W. G. Richards, of the convention city, Atlanta. The vice-presidents were: F. A. W. Davis, John Caulfield, J. A. Bond, and F. Crosby.
In 1896, Indianapolis, Ind., wras chosen, and the dates were May 26, 27 and 28. A president from the convention city was again chosen at this meeting, F. A. W. Davis, Indianapolis, being elected. The vice-presidents elected w-ere: John Caulfield, J. A. Bond, L. N. Case, C. P. Allen, and R. M. Clayton.
The seventeenth annual meeting was held in Denver, Col., on June 8, 9, and 10, 1897. The membership of the association had now reached the respectable amount of 347, with an associate membership of 49, and one honorary member. John Caulfield, St. Paul, Minn., w’as elected president, and J. A. Bond, C. P. Allen, J. B. Helm, R. M. Clayton and E. Mather, vice-presidents.
Buffalo Has Its Second Convention.
The second convention to be held at Buffalo, N. Y., wdiere the association meets this year, was the eighteenth, the meetings being held, as on this occasion, at the Iroquois Hotel. This was a five day convention, convening on June 14, and lasting until June 18. 1898. In his address, President Caulfield said in part: “I apprehend, my fellow members, that we may fully claim that our work is in the line of humanitarian effort. . . . We are, I believe, duly impressed with the grave and far-reaching nature of the relationship which we bear to human society and we seek no more than to discharge the duties of that relationship in such a manner as may be of most advantage to our day and generation. . . . For eighteen consecutive years the good men upon whose devotion the association and the success of its great aims depend have come together and demonstrated the truth of the aphorism that in the multitude of counselors there is wisdom. No one of us in that time, but has stood in need of the advice and experience of his fellow-member. The democracy of a common purpose has enabled us to share with each other all that we have acquired, and to promise to each other that what each of us shall learn in the future, will be the joint possession of all. . . . While our work is slow and we are all impressed with the obstacles which lie in our path, we do not forget that it is practically within the past fifty years that we have witnessed a revival of the great work in which we are engaged ; and in that time so much has been accomplished as to reasonably lead to the belief that, doing our whole duty by our race we may not wholly pass away without leaving behind us enough to arouse the thankful approval, if not the profound gratitude, of our successors. . . . The men who laid the foundation of this bod)built better than they knew. They did great service to every American community. Their work will not be done until every city in the United States shall have at its disposal at the minimum of cost and with the least expenditure of effort, a supply of pure and wholesome water vastly more than adequate to every exigency of municipal life; and beyond all possibility of the presence or the introduction of the slightest taint that might interfere with the public health and comfort. When that day comes we will see an end of fire and pestilence— those twin enemies of civilization, against whose ravages human society had for centuries been engaged in a death struggle.”
Joseph A. Bond, Wilmington, Del., was elected president of the association. The vice-presidents were: W. R. Hill, Syracuse, N. Y.; Chas. P. Allen, Denver; L. N. Case, Detroit; R. M. Clayton, Atlanta; and John B. Heim, Madison, Wis.
The nineteenth convention met in Columbus, Ohio, on May 16, 17. 18 and 19, 1869. The president elected at this convention was R. M. Clayton, of Atlanta, (ia., and as vice-presidents: W. R. Hill. J. B. Heim, E. Mather, C. H. Campbell and Wm. Mohr.
One of the interesting features of the twentieth convention, held at the Jefferson Hotel, Richmond, Ya., on May 15 to 18, 1900, was a series of “Reminiscences,” by Major E. J. D. Meyers, C. E.. of Richmond. His address dealt largely with his recollections of the building of the Washington aqueduct, supplying the capital city with water. Another important paper was on “Supplying Water from Deep Wells by Compressed Air,” by C. W. Wilqs, Superintendent of Delaware Water Company, and president of Central Water Works Association, which afterward became the Central States Section of the American Water Works Association. At this convention, C’. E. Bolling, of Richmond, Va., was elected president, and C. N. Priddy, W. Himrod, T. H. Hooper, C. H. Campbell and W. H. Laing as vice-presidents.
New York’s Second Convention.
The convention of 1901 honored for the second time in its history the metropolis of the western hemisphere, New York City being the place of meeting on June 17 to 22, this being a six-day meeting. The sessions were held in the Murray Hill Hotel. In his opening address President Bolling referred to the different conception of a water works superintendent now as formerly; “What do these annual gatherings mean ?” he asked. “A few years back, it was a simple matter to select any good, reputable man as superintendent of a town’s water works. Any popular man in the community, no matter what his training or fitness, might be intrusted with the office. To-day what a vast field of study and patient application is presented to the officer chosen for this important position—perhaps the most important in the community. What must be his requirements? lie must be a civil and hydraulic engineer; he must know something of machinery to select pumps and engines; he must have some knowledge of chemistry and that recent but most important science—bacteriology, in order to know if the water is pure; he must have some knowledge of electricity to fight against electrolysis; he must have some knowledge of metallurgy, to know the materials for which large sums of money are expended are of proper kind and make; lie must be a man of business, in order to conduct his department on business principles. Many of you know the trials of this often thankless task, and, feel, with me, that we require the patience of Job.”
A very important report was made at this convention by the committee on electrolysis, showing that great damage was done to water pipes by the electric railway companies in using the single trolley system, thereby causing the current to use the water pipes as a return, destroying them. Water waste was another subject that occupied the attention of the delegates and provoked much discussion. W. R. Hill was elected president, and (‘. H. Campbell, I). H. Maury, C. E. Rowe, Dow R. Gu inn, and G. II. Felix as vice-presidents.
Second Time in Chicago
The twenty-second convention was held in Chicago, Ill., the second time for that city. The meeting convened at the Auditorium Hotel, on June 10. and lasted four days, until June 13, 1902. On opening the convention President Hill spoke as follows: “I regret to announce the death of a faithful worker for the interests of this association, a gentleman whom we loved and respected. This association in the death of our secretary and treasurer, Peter Milne, who died yesterday afternoon at his home in Brooklyn, N. Y. As a committee in memoriam 1 appoint J. B. Cleaver, of Bound Brook, X. J., F. W. Shepperd, of New York, and A. P. Smith, of Newark, N. J. In compliance with the authority given me by the constitution I appoint as Mr. Milne’s successor, a gentleman who needs no introduction, and I am sure the selection will meet with your hearty approval. 1 appoint John M. Diven, of Elmira, X. Y., successor of Peter Milne.” Thus Mr. Diven began his second long term of service, as secretary of the association. One of the most important reports at this convention, was that of the committee appointed to confer with other associations on uniform specifications for the manufacture of cast iron pipe. The report was ordered printed in order that the members might consider it at a future convention. The membership of the association now stood: honorary, 7; active. 307; associate, 50. There were 36 states represented in the association. C. II. Campbell, Charlotte, X. C., was elected president, and L. X. Case, Morris R. Sherrerd, C. E. Rowe, B. C. Adkins and E. F. Frailey, vice-presidents.
Detroit, Mich., was the next meeting place of the association, the date being June 23 to 26, 1903, and the meeting place the Hotel Cadillac. Electrolysis, water waste, cast iron pipe sizes and fire protection were the principal subjects of discussion. The officers elected were: president, I.. X. Case; vice-presidents, Morris R. Sherrerd, T. 11. Bennett, C. E. Rowe, B. C. Adkins, and A.A. Tucker.
In St. Louis At Time of World’s Fair
The twenty-fourth annual convention was notable from the fact that it was held in St. Louis, Mo., at the time of the World’s Fair of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, the dates of the meeting being June 6. 7, 8, and 9, 1904. and the place of assembly, the Hotel Jefferson. At this convention a new constitution was adopted. Among the’important papers read and discussed were: Developments in Wells and Pumps; Meter System in Cleveland; Cost of Cast Iron Pipe. Morris R. Sherrerd, Newark, N. J., was elected president, and as vice-presidents the following: B.C. Adkins, T. H. Bennett, Chas. E. Rowe, D. H. Maury and A. A. Tucker. The twenty-fifth convention met at W est Baden Springs, Inch, on May 9 to 12, 1905. A feature of this meeting was the report of the committee on fire insurance, in conjunction with which and at their recommendation, and also in co-operation with a committee of the National Fire Protection Association, two exhibits were made, one, a fire service meter, designed by the inspection department of the associated factory mutual fire insurance companies and the other the Hersey Detector Meter, by J. A. Tilden, general manager of the Hersey Manufacturing Company. The insurance committee also made a supplementary report on the subjectof Standard Threads for Hose Couplings. The committee’s report was received. Some of the papers were: Fixing Water Rates for Fire and Domestic Service, Commercial Pumping Engine, Additional Supply of W’ater for New York City, Etc. Officers elected were: president, Benjamin C. Adkins, St. Louis, Mo., vice-presidents. C.E. Rowe, D. H. Maury, G. H. Felix, J. B. Heim and A. Milne.
Second Convention at the Hub.
The next convention was held at Boston, Mass., being the second annual meeting held at the Hub. The dates were June 26-30, 1906. River pollution occupied the attention of the delegates, as did also the pollution of public water supplies and the specific case of the Chicago drainage canal, which provoked a long discussion. Water softening was another subject discussed, and also filtration of water. Other important papers were “Pump Slippage,” by Alba L. Holmes; “The Growth of the Pumping Station,” by Charles H. Hague; “Increasing the Capacity of the Hackensack W’ater Company’s System by Introducing a Relay Pumping Station, as Compared with Cost of Building a New Force Main.” by D. W* French, etc. Dabney H. Maury, Peoria, Ill., was elected president, and G. H. Felix, J. B. Heim, A. Milne, D. W . French and Dr. W. P. Mason, vice-presidents.
At the twenty-seventh convention, held at Toronto. Can., on June 17-27. 1907, President Dabney H. Maury’s address dealt with Rates for Water Service, he claiming that “before rates may be termed fair, these two conditions must obtain: First, the total yearly receipts from all sources must be just sufficient to provide : (a) reasonable interest on the investment: (b) annual contribution to sinking fund to retire investment within a reasonable time; (c) proper annual contribution to sinking fund for depreciation; (d) legitimate operating expenses, including repairs. Second, each consumer must pay yearly, for the particular class of service that he receives, his just proportion above annual cost. To fulfil the second condition, no service of any sort should be furnished free. It may be said that in practice neither of these two conditions can ever be realized with absolute exactness, and obviously the second is far more difficult to approximate than the first; but these considerations can in no way affect the fundamental principles involved.” He then advocated the use of the meter as a solution of the problem, and continued: “To develop the full efficiency of the meter as a means of checking waste, meter rates should be established about as follows: (a) minimum rate should be nearly large enough to provide for the ‘readiness to serve’ as well as for the added expense of the meter service, (b) There should be a sliding scale of rates for measured water, (c) the highest rates in this scale should be so adjusted that the average domestic consumer could draw, without exceeding his minimum rate, only enough water for his reasonable requirements, so that the incentive to avoid waste might always be present, and the lowest rates in the scale should be such as to encourage large consumers to patronize the water department, the profits „ from this patronage being, of course, ultimately applicable to the lowering of rates to all consumers. From all of the foregoing, it will be seen that rates of all classes are correlated. The total receipts should just provide for the total legitimate expenses, as enumerated in the definition of the first essential condition of a fair rate. Each class of the service should be made to furnish its quota of the total receipts from all classes of services; and each individual consumer should pay his just proportion of the total receipts from the class to which he belongs.” Rates and meters occupied a very large part of the attention of the delegates at this convention. George 11. Felix, Reading, Pa., was elected president, and D. W. French, Dr. Y. P. Mason, Jerry O’Shaughnessey, Alex. Milne, and l . I. Henderson, as vice-presidents.
The National Capital was the next meeting place of the association, the dates being May 11 to 18, 1908. Some of the papers were on Stripping of Reservoir Lands, Incrustation Experience at Quincy, 111.; Suction as Applied to Pumps; Efficiency of the American Process of Water Filtration; Selling Water Surplus, etc. D. W. French, Supt. Hackensack Water Company, Weehawken, N. J., was elected president.
The next convention was held at Milwaukee. Wis., on June 8 to 12. 1909. An important paper on Concrete in Water Works Construction was read. Others were: Sanitary Condition of Southern End of Lake Michigan. Coals for Hand Fired Steam Plants, etc. Dr. W. P. Mason, Troy, N. Y., was elected president, and John W Alvorcl1. Alex. Milne, Dow R. Gwinn, R. J. 1 honias and J. A. Affleck as vice-presidents,
New Orleans, La., was given the thirtieth annual conBvention, the dates being April 26 to 30, 1910, John \ . Alvoid. 1 Chicago, / ’1″ . _ Ill., 111 being K … -⅝ elected . 1 ,⅝* ,. , l as * ⅛ the t L president « ,1 ,, • -k 4for 4 •the 4 L ensuing term, his vice-presidents including: A. Milne. Dow R. Gwinn, R. J. Thomas, J. A. Affleck, and G. G. Earl.
The thirty-first meeting was held at Rochester, N. Y., on June 6 to 9, 1911. Papers were read on Steel and Cast Iron Pipe; Hot Water Troubles; Water Rates; Meterage; Emergency Intakes, Etc. Alexander Milne, St. Catherines, Ont., Can., was elected as president, and Dow R. Gwinn. R. J. Thomas, J. A. Affleck, G. G. Earl and Theodore D. Leisen, as vice-presidents.
Louisville, Ky., for the second time had the convention, i t meeting on June 3 to 7, 1912, in that city. At this convention a committee on the incorporation of the association made a report, recommending Illinois as the State with the most favorable law:s on the subject. Dow R. Gwinn, of Terre Haute, Ind., was elected president, and the following as vice-presidents: R. J. Thomas, J. A. Affleck, G. G. Earl, T. A. Leisen, and Chas. R. Henderson.
New Constitution Adopted.
At the thirty-third convention, held at Minneapolis, Minn., June 23-27, 1913, a new constitution was adopted. among other important changes being the adoption of a new list of officers, and the voting for them by mail sixty days before the annual convention. The officers now consisted of a president, one vice-president, treasurer, secretary—these offices having heretofore, except in the instance of the first year, been combined—an editor, and six trustees, whose terms of office rotated, so that two trustees were to be elected at each convention. The president elected at this convention was Robert J. Thomas, Lowell, Mass.; vice-president, Geo. G. Earl; treasurer Prof. lames M. Caird; editor, J. M. Diven; trustees, term expiring 1914, N. S. Hill.. Jr., Win. R. Young; 1915, Leonard Metcalf, E. Bartow; 1916, T. A. Leisen, and C. R. Henderson. Another important provision of the new constitution embodied in Article X, was that allowing the formation of Sections, local and national. It was provided that the local sections “may be established bv the executive committee on receipt of a written request to that effect signed by twenty active or corporate members of the association, residing in territory within which the local section is desired. Sec. 2—National sections consisting of engineers, superintendents, chemists and bacteriologists. accountants, or other classes of persons included in the membership of the association, may be established by the executive committee on the request of thirty members.”
The next annual meeting was held in Philadelphia, Pa., the dates being May 11 to 15, 1914. Amendments to Sections .3, 4 and 8 of Article VI, and Section 6, of Article III, of the constitution were adopted. The first named regulated the method of electing the vice-president, and the second the conditions of membership of an active member who by change of vocation becomes ineligible except as an associate member. At this convention the feature of Superintendents’ Day, which has since proved so popular, was inaugurated. The officers elected for the ensuing year were : President, George G. Earl, New Orleans, La.; vice-president, Nicholas S. Hill, Jr., New York City; treasurer, Jas. M. Caird (re-elected); trustees, term expiring 1917, Allen Hazen and A. W. Cuddeback.
President Earl on Advantages of Sections
The thirty-fifth annual convention was held at the Plotel Gibson, Cincinnati, Ohio, on May 10 to 14, 1915, President Geo. G. Earl in the chair. In his presidential address Mr. Earl referred to the advantages of all local water works organizations being amalgamated into one national body, and continued: “A splendid start has been made in this direction through the present very liberal conditions and regulations offered by this association for such consolidations, and two very desirable connections have already been consummated, with a third in prospect. I believe that the best interests of all water works associations demand that this movement be continued and accelerated, and the advantages to be gained by all parties of a more prompt and effective co-operation from such consolidations would be so great as to warrant the highest effort and the greatest of mutual concessions. A national water works association that included every existing organization and reached every water works in the country could do better work and could, through its larger membership, make its work count for more in the obtaining of general public faith and co-opera/ tion in its standards and suggestions.” Amendments to the constitution were made as follows: Article VI, Sec. 5, was changed to read: “Before the close of each annual convention, the executive committee elected to serve during the ensuing year shall organize and elect a secretary and an editor, to serve until the close of the next annual convention, or until their successors are chosen.” Section 5, of Article VIII. was also amended so that the incoming instead of the outgoing executive committee should elect these officers. The Chemical and Bacteriological Section was formed and held its first meeting at this convention. The officers elected were: President. Nicholas S. Hill, Jr.. New York City; vice-president, Leonard Metcalf, Boston. Mass.; treasurer, Jas. M. Caird; trustees, term expiring 1918, Carleton E. Davis and C. H. Rust.
New York’s Third Convention
For the third time in the history of the association, New York City was honored with a convention on June 5 to 9, 1916, the headquarters being at the Hotel Astor. An important report accepted and ordered printed separately by this convention was that of the Committee on Standard Specifications for Hydrants and Valves, of which B. C. Little was chairman. The officers elected were: President. Leonard Metcalf, Boston, Mass.; vice-president, Theo. A. Leisen, Detroit, Mich.; treasurer, J. M. Caird; trustees, 1919, M. L. Worrell and F. W. Cappelen.
The thirty-seventh annual convention was held at Richmond, Va„ this being the second convention held in that city since the foundation of the association. The meeting opened on May 8, 1917, and continued four days, with President Metcalf in the chair. A notable paper at this convention was that by Jphn W. Alvord on the subject of “Recent Progress and Tendencies in Water Works Practices.” The Superintendents’ Day plan proved a great success at the session on the next to the last day, the attendance being large and the discussions spirited’ showing that this feature was very popular with the members. A large silver cup was presented to the association as a prize for the golf tournament, to be contested for annually, the successful contestant at each annual meet to receive as a permanent prize a small replica of the cup, and at the same time to have his name engraved on the large one, which is to be retained by the association. This prize was the gift of the Water Works Manufacturers’ Association. Another cup was for the largest increase in membership of a section, and this was won by the Minnesota Section. Pursuant to the new constitution, the six different geographical sections met individually on the second day, and selected one member each to act on the nominating committee, as follows: New England States, Robert Spurr Weston; Middle States, J. R. Steele, Jr.; Central States, John W. Alvord; remaining States, H. Hymen. Theodore A. Leisen, Detroit, Mich., was elected president; A. W. Cuddeback, vice-president; J. M. Caird, treasurer, and D. A. Cramer and B. C. Little, trustees, class of 1920.-4-
Last year’s convention, in. spite of adverse conditions, owing to the war, was a well-attended and successful convention. It was hejd-at, the Planters’ Hotel, St. Louis, Mo., on May 13 to 17,jairicPwas signalized by a spirit of patriotism that pervaded every session of the convention. A novelty of this meeting was that, for the first time in the history of the association, a presiding officer appeared in the uniform of an officer in the United States Army, Theodore A. Leisen having received the commission of major. The nominating committee elected were: District 1, H. Hymen; District 2, H. F. Play; District 3, Charles R. Wood and E. W. Humphrey; District 4, H. B. Morgan and W. W. Berard; District 5, J. A. Stelle; District 6, John Caulfield, Ihe officers elected at this convention were: President, Charles R. Henderson, Davenport, la.; vice-president. Carleton Davis, Philadelphia, Pa.; treasurer, J. M. Caird; trustees, Jack J. Hinman, Jr., and Allan W. Cuddeback.
As to the Future
Thus is rounded out the splendid and successful history of the American Water Works Association, covering a period of thirty-eight years, and measured by a constant and healthy growth, both as regards membership and in achievement. Starting with the twenty men who met in St. Louis. Mo., in 1881. last year the association met in the same city, and the membership had grown to 1,308. At the first meeting seven States were represented; in 1918 the membership included all of the States of the Union, besides members in Canada, Argentina. Australia. Brazil, Central America, the Canal Zone. Chile. Cuba. England. France. Hawaii. India. Ireland. Japan. Mexico, Philippine Islands. Russia, Scotland and the Straits Settlements.
As to the future, who can doubt but that, with such an inspiring history behind it. and with the splendid opportunities that lie before it. the dream of President Earl, in 1915, will be fulfilled, and that every water works man in this broad land will be proud to count himself among the members of the association. This should be the goal that every member should set before himself, as part of his work for the organization. In this way, then, will the American Water Works Association come into its own.