Annual Waterworks Reports.

Annual Waterworks Reports.


The total amount of water pumped for the year 1909, according to Superintendent Langley’s report, was 1,609,098,325 gallons. The daily average of gallons pumped was 4,408,480. There is a total of 2,735 services, of which 132 are metered; 8,644 additional feet of mains were laid.


During the past statement year, starting with a balance of $6,896.27 on March 1, 1909, the water department has paid all expenses and besides $19,171.25 on the new pump placed at the Lake Michigan waterworks, or half the purchase price. At that there is a present balance in the fund of $24.13.


The report of the water commissioners shows that the plant has earned a net income for the year of $5,658.73, which brings the total income, since the city took over the water system, to $153,257.57. 3,005 families are being supplied with water. The pumping report shows that the least water pumped was 8,362,100 gallons, in October; and the most. 14,964,000 gallons, was used during July, while the average monthly pumpage was 11,259,027.


The report of the department of public works of the city of Providence, R. 1., shows the average daily consumption of water in the city to have been 14,902,090 gallons. A total of 11,001.84 feet of new water pipes were laid and nine fire hydrants set during the quarter, making the total number in use, exclusive of those for special service for fire protection, 2,198, of which 2,048 are flush and 150 of the post type. The total number of fire hydrants on the special water service for fire protection, is 137. The number of service stops added during the quarter was 219, bringing the total in use up to 27,068, on December 31, 1909. The quarter’s expenditures for maintenance and construction amounted to $66,120.19, and the collections to $99,141.58. The sum of $88,306.49 was received for water rates.


The waterworks of the city of London, Out., constructed in 1878 and owned by the city, are supplied by springs. The water is collected in ponds and pumped to reservoir, whence it runs by gravity to the distribution system. The capacity of the reservoir, which is 200 feet above the level of the centre of the city, is 5,000,000 imperial gallons. There are five pumps, of Northey Manufacturing Company, Kelly & Brake and Yates makes. They have an aggregate capacity, every 24 hours, of 11,000,000 gallons. In the distribution system there are 98.5 miles of mains, with 643 valves and 619 hydrants. Of 12,232 services, 2.11 per cent, only arc metered. The number of meters in use are 613, of which 236 were added during the past year. The number of new services added during the year was 363. From water rates, interest and rentals, a gross revenue of $110,401.89 was received, being an increase of $5,769.79 over last year’s income. The expense account shows disbursements of $51,166.46, the surplus revenue for the year being $59,235.43. With so excellent a showing, a liberal policy toward customers is possible, as no charge is made for water for street watering purposes nor lawn service. Engineer and Superintendent John M. Moore reports the plant in good condition. The hydrants and gates are regularly examined and always kept in an efficient condition.


The waterworks of Clinton, Mass., was built by the town in 1882. The supply is taken from springs and surface water, the total drainage area being about 700 acres, and the system is gravity. The total consumption for the year 1909 in Clinton and Lancaster, the latter place being supplied by Clinton under contract, is 251,801,000 gallons, of which Clinton took 217,501,108 and Lancaster 34.299,892 gallons. The year, according to the report of Superintendent John J. Philbin, was a busy one in the construction department, 3,308 feet of pipe having been added to the distribution system. making a total of 35 miles 4.147 feet in use. Including the new hydrants set during the year, the city now has 277 in use; the total number of services is 2,115 1/2. The number of meters reported in use February 1, 1910, was 1,544. through which 119,862,000 gallons of the total water consumed passed. The receipts for metered water amounted to $27,228.67; unmetered water yielded $5,907.77, and deducting $1,453 for discount and abatements the total receipts front water rates amounted to $34,589. Including income from the Lancaster water department, the total net receipts, from all sources, amounted to $80,059.65. Construction is charged for the year with $3,817.28; maintenance, including $10,000 paid to sinking fund and $3,000 for bond redemption, with $28,409.45, so that the total cost of the waterworks to the town for the year was $32,226.73.





The total consumption of water for the year was 768,538,500 gallons. The population of the city is 82,000. The consumption per-capita was 43.4 gallons.


The water commissioners report 326 connections with private property, 90 hydrants, five water tanks and water supplied to five school buildings and Memorial hall; 3,641 feet of four-inch main laid during the year, three new hydrants placed, and 800 feet of one-inch pipe laid.


System has nearly 4 miles of mains from 4 to 8 inches in diameter, and thirty-six hydrants and valves. The pumping station, which is of brick, is very substantially built. It contains pumping machinery, with a daily capacity of 1,500,000 gallons, taking suction direct from the well, which affords an abundant supply. The standpipe is 116 feet high, and a capacity of 40,000 gallons, affording a pressure of 60 pounds.


The Louisville water company’s gross earnings for February were $63,142.45 and their operating expenses and interest $22,862.26, leaving a net earning of $40,280.19. The total water pumped amounted to 778,525,158 gallons. Of this amount 653,993,171 was used by consumers, 35,000,000 gallons were lost through leaks, 13,484,000 gallons were used for washing filterbeds and 76,047,987 gallons are unaccounted for.


John B. Heim, superintendent, in his annual report, says: With a venturesome public artesian supply the unpopularity of a general meter system, a population of only 10,384 at the time of the construction of the works, with only an increase in our population of 941, with 15 1/2 miles of mains, four artesian wells and 700 takers in three years, we already suffered a shortage in our water supply. Our pumpage in 1884-5 was 781 gallons of water per taker per day. The receipts from all sources, $14.26 per taker per year. In 1883 we adopted the general meter system. To-day, with a population of 30,000, over 58 miles of mains, 4,601 water takers under a general meter system, ten artesian wells, three deep wells, our daily pumpage is only 365 gallons per taker. An interesting table in the report gives the monthly record of the amount of water pumped for the year beginning October 1, 1908, and ending September 30, 1909.


Constructed in 1873 and owned by the city, the waterworks of Holyoke, Mass., obtains its supply for the population of 54,698 from two contiguous natural lakes and a storage reservoir three and a half miles from the city. The source is two mountain streams and a storage reservoir and from the southwest branch of the Manhan river. Front the intake reservoir at Southampton 30-inch pipe lines bring the supply to the city by gravity. The distribution system has 85.27 miles of mains, 993 stop gates, and the pressure ranges from 60 to 100 pounds by day and night The services number 4,061, of which 351 are metered. The total receipts for water rates amounted to $114,973.60, of which $33,417.64 was received for metered water. Of the total consumption of 2,046,592 for the year, 653,290,500 gallons passed through meters. The total receipts for the year, including a balance of $15,758.30, brought forward, were $139,174.82; the expenses of maintenance, $66,803.70, and after paying $22,003.23 to the city for taxes, transferring $10,000 to the sinking fund and allowing $3,657.82 for materials and labor, there remained cash on hand and in bank $21,295.39 and a balance to construction of $15,414.68, a condition that reflects no small credit on the management of the board of water commissioners and the practical work of Superintendent John J. Kirkpatrick.


Several brooks fed by mountain springs furnish the population of the thriving city of Johnstown, Fulton County, New’ York, which in 1900 numbered 10,130, with excellent water. The supply thus obtained is collected in reservoirs, of which the city has three of a total capacity of 13,200,000 gallons, two of which are three and one live miles front the city, their altitude being about 700 feet above the city’s level, so that the water flows by gravity into all parts of the city. The minimum quantity of water furnished daily by the three brooks is 2,343,000 gallons. Two of the reservoirs are connected with the city mains by a 10-inch main and one by a 16-inch main, giving the city two independent sources of supply. The distributing system consists of 35.25 miles of mains, controlled by 315 valves and on which 178 fire hydrants are set. The total number of services is 2,104, of which 178 are metered, but Superintendent of Waterworks Lucian Hillabrandt is a believer in the meter as a means of preventing waste of water, and as the regulations provide for the meterage of services wherever this may be deemed expedient an early increase in the number of meters is almost certain to take place. The total receipts for the year, including a balance forward of $6,779.90, amounted to $35,180.89. The disbursements, including $5,000 paid into the sinking fund, were $26,616.78, the department commencing the current year with a balance of $8,564.11 to its credit and a plant in perfect working order that draws a practically unlimited supply of good water from a territory that is essentially sanitary.

Notes on Filtration.

As guests of Lloyd E. Smith, a committee of city officials of Parkersburg, W. Va., are invited to go to Owensboro, Ky., to inspect a filtration system designed by him and report on it, with a view to its adoption for the new city waterworks

At Grand Rapids, Mich., the American Paper Company, on Godfrey avenue, has installed a rapid sand filter of its own. It has a capacity of 750,000 gallons of water daily, and by its use the river water becomes drinkable and is softened. The men use it without hesitation and the softer water is better for the boilers.

Dr. John L. Leal, the expert, who planned the water purification system in use at Jersey City and several other points, who was summoned to Omaha, Neb., to give an opinion on the purification of Missouri river water by a similar process has been authorized to prepare the necessary plans for the installation of a sterilization plant to meet the needs of the Omaha Water Company, and to supervise its construction, the whole taking about three weeks’ time, after which he will start it into operation, and will place a competent assistant in charge until such time as a local man is educated to the management of it.

On the strength of a report made by George W. Fuller, employed as an expert by the city, voters at the approaching spring election at Grand Rapids, Mich., will be called upon to declare themselves as opposed to or in favor of the installation of a sand filtration process, at a cost of $500,000, including real estate. The necessity of some sort of filtration for the Grand Rapids water supply arose some time ago, and influential business men and others have held a number of consultations lately to devise a plan which would meet with the approval of residents of the city.

Pumping Engine Items.

A recent break in the piston rod of the small Corliss engine of the Warren. Ohio, Water and Light Company is being repaired by a force of expert mechanics.

The newly acquired 15,000,000 gallons highpressure water pumping engine for the lurkey Creek pumping station of the Kansas City, Mo., waterworks has been put under steam, and the test was considered satisfactory. The cost of the new pump installed and ready for operation was $150,000. It is of the triple-expansion type. The total pumping capacity of the station is now

63,000,000 gallons of water in twenty-four hours by five different pumping engines—the AllisChalmers, 16,000,000; Todd triple-expansion, 20,000,000: Todd triple-expansion, 15,000,000; Gaskell, 6,000,000, and Barr, 6,000,000.

A turbine vertical type pump with a capacity of 4,000 gal. per minute is to be installed by the Jackson Coal and Mining Company at Wellston, Ohio.

San Antonio, Tex., has a total of sixteen artesian wells, with an estimated flow of 88,000,000 gal. per day. To distribute the water to the consumers and provide for fire protection the company has one 20,000,000-gal. and one 15,000,000gal. pump, Allis-Chalmers triple-expansion; one 5,000,00-gal. triple-expansion Worthington, six geared triples, solid plungers, with a total capacity of 5,000,000; two duplex Worthington pumps, 4 1/2 inches, connected with water power only, with a total capacity of 5,000,000 gals. In addition to the pumping capacity, there is a reservoir of 20,000,000 gals, capacity.

Water Bollution in New York State.

An interesting and instructive report on the work that is being done by the New York State Department of Health relative to protecting from pollution the streams of the state by sewage is submitted by Alec H. Seymour, the secretary and deputy commissioner of the department. This paper says, in part: “The attention devoted by the department and the public press during the past few years to the matter of pollution of our streams and lakes has aroused a strong public sentiment against the continuance of this practice. The dangers of continuing the discharge of raw sewage into the waters of the state without purification are so apparent and it is so objectionable in other ways that the public mind is already convinced of the necessity for a change in the conditions. The pollution of our waters, resulting in high typhoid death rates in many of our cities, has frequently been commented upon by department publications. On the ground of the protection of the public health alone, there would be justification in ordering proper sewage disposal in many instances. In many cases serious public nuisances exist, resulting from the discharge of sewage and manufacturing wastes, and the use of our streams as sewers is in many intances unsanitary and dangerous, and, in a large number of cases illegal. The rights of riparian owners are seriously affected, and the damages which follow are often considerable in amount. With the rapid increase in our population the defilement of our streams also increases, and the campaign against this method of disposal of sewage and industrial wastes should have been begun years ago. In the investigations of the department it has been shown that some of our finest streams and lakes are being rendered unavailable for boating, bathing, fishing and domestic uses, and a practice which results in leaving a stream of no value for any purpose except a cesspool, as is the case with the waters of the upper Hudson, can only be considered as a direct loss to our natural resources.”

Servus Firefighting Tools.

A new line of equipment of interest to fire departments has recently appeared on the market. Among the tools an apparatus of special interest is a smoke and ammonia helmet which is designed along new principles, and in which all of the air in the helmet is kept pure and free from carbonic acid and rich in oxygen automatically by the passing of the breath over special oxygen-producing chemicals for this purpose. Included in the line is a very powerful portable searchlight for going into buildings, one being sufficient to light a whole floor: and as they are electric lights, dense smoke cannot extinguish them. Valuable adjuncts to this are electric hand lanterns giving a very powerful light and designed to do away with oil lanterns entirely for fire department use. “First-aid-to-the-injured-cabinets,” reviving equipment, and electric lights for apparatus round out a set of modern and thoroughly commendable firemen’s aids. The above appliances are manfactured by the Servus Rescue Equipment Company, of 10 Johnson street. Newark. N. J. Their catalog, which will be sent upon request, will prove very interesting.

Destructive Fire of Portland.

When a clerk who was packing goods in the basement of the four-story brick building on Exchange street. Portland, Me., occupied by the Haskell-Armstrong Company, dealers in wall paper, etc., dropped some on the floor and lighted a candle-end to look for them, he touched off some excelsior that started a fire that went quickly from basement to roof of the building and damaged it to the extent of $12,000 to $13,000, besides causing a loss estimated at $22,000 to the contents. Having plenty of combustible matter in the cellar to feed on, the flames made rapid headway, and through a dumb-waiter opening reached the upper part of the building, which was pretty well alight when the first fire apparatus arrived. A second alarm brought Deputy Chief Payne and more apparatus, and subsequently Chief Eldridge, who was indisposed and off duty, came around and took command. From the store floor, in which holes were cut from ladders and from adjoining buildings, the firemen fought the flames vigorously, a good supply of water being available: but while they con fined the fire to the building in which it started, it practically wrecked the interior in the three hours during which it raged. With the exception of some cuts by falling glass no injuries to the fire force were reported: the occupants of the building all escaped safely.

Fire Protection in Astoria, Ore.

Located on the Columbia river and having, as its principal interest, the canning of salmon caught in that stream, Astoria, Ore., is a busy and prosperous city, with a population, according to the latest census, of 8,381, very much mixed as to nationality, and a trade, largely in its chief product, canned salmon, but also in lumber, ores, coal and other natural products of the country, with all parts of the world. The fire area of Astoria is 230 acres, fairly covered with two and threestory buildings of brick and wood, among which wooden roofs, which are permitted, are quite numerous, as shingles are reasonably cheap. The canneries, mostly huge open-area frame structures, with little or no fire protection, are mainly located in the outskirts along the river bank. For protection from fire, Astoria depends on a fire department with a personnel consisting of chief engineer, 4 drivers, 4 pipemen and 14 extra men, the present head of the department being Chief Engineer C. E. Foster. The fire department equipment consists of second-size Amoskeag and third-size Silsby steamers, a 55-foot Hayes extension ladder truck, a combination hose and chemical wagon, a double 60-gallon chemical engine, 2 hose wagons and 6 hose carts, with 6,800 feet of 2 1/2-inch, 400 feet of 1 1/2-inch and 430 feet of chemical hose, distributed in four fire bouses, both engines and the ladder truck being stationed at headquarters. Chief Foster reports buildings and apparatus all in good condition, and nine good horses. The fire alarm system consists of 9 miles of wires strung on the telephone company’s poles, 16 alarm boxes, with combination gong and indicator, in each house, a transmission box and test clock at headquarters, 125 gravity battery cells and three large alarm bells, that are rung by hand. During the year 1909 the department responded to 90 alarms of fire, the resultant damage amounting to $2,500. Inasmuch as one fire, at which no water was obtainable, caused a loss of $1,500, the loss for the year, outside of this was only about $1,000, and of this, $600 was covered by insurance. The fact that 43 of the fires were extinguished by chemicals, accounts, in part, for the small loss. In their work, the firemen stretched 9,700 feet of hose and used 1,600 gallons of chemicals. The total expense of the department to the city for the year was $15,114.22. Chief Foster’s recommendations include the purchase of a wagon for hauling supplies, and of a buggy for the chiet engineer, also two smoke helmets and two Eastman deluge sets. He also recommends the revision and modernization of the building code, the installation of fire pumps on some of the small steamers in the harbor, to allow of their being used as fireboats, for the protection of shipping and waterfront property, the further consideration of the laying of a salt water main, and, in the event of the building of the proposed new fire house in Uniontown. for which a site has already been purchased, the removal to it from headquarters of the wagon now there, equipped with a chemical tank and the purchase, for headquarters use, of an automobile combination wagon, which the chief believes would he the best investment the city could make for fire protection.


Fire Report of Springfield.

Fire losses in Springfield, Ill., for the fiscal year, ending February 28, show a decided decrease over the next preceding year. The property destroyed was valued at $74,358.04, as compared with $163,913.54 the preceding year. The total amount of insurance carried on the buildings in which fire was discovered was $510,235, and the records show that the loss not covered by insurance was $1,300.60. Three hundred and twenty alarms were responded to by the department, of which three were beyond the corporation limits. There were 288 fires and 8 false

alarms. Twenty-one still alarms were answered in various parts of the city. Fire was discovered in 259 frame structures and in 70 frame buildings. “Unknown” is assigned as the cause of 93 alarms, burning rubbish caused seventeen alarms to be sounded and ten were caused by burning leaves. The month of October led in the number of fires with 43, and the smallest number was in September, when the department made thirteen runs only. In concluding his report, Chief Boite refers to the efficiency of the members of the department, and thanks his assistants for their co-operation.

Factory Fire in Cleveland.

Chief Graber, of the fire department of Overland. Colo., realized that he had his hands full when, ott being recently summoned to a fire that was devouring the big Griffin wheel works plant, he found practically no water to fight it with. Before the fire, which is supposed to have been caused by the ignition of some greasy waste in the engine room, was discovered by the night watchman it had made great headway, and realizing that it would be practically useless to waste effort on such buildings as were already blazing tbe chief turned his attention to confining the fire to them and protecting the portion of the plant as yet untouched by the flames and the adjacent property, which included extensive manufacturing establishments. Although handicapped by the inadequate supply of water and a stiff breeze, the firemen were successful in their efforts in these directions, and also saved the pattern shop and tempering pits of the wheel works. After laying more than 1,000 feet of hose and making an unsuccessful attempt to connect with a storage tank on the premises, the firemen were compelled to content themselves with one weak stream to fight the flames and prevent their spread. That they accomplished as much as they did was remarkable for although the plant was badly wrecked, some important departments were saved and but little damage done to surrounding property. Incidental to the fire were several gallant rescues of men whose anxiety to save what they coul took them into danger. One of these rescues is credited to Chief Graber, who at the risk of his life released a workman from the debris of a fallen roof and brought him to safety. The damage is estimated at $150,000, and 350 men are thrown out of work by the fire.

Waterous Gasoline Fire Engine.

A contract for seventeen gasoline fire engines has just been awarded the Waterous Engine Works Company, St. Paul, Minn., by the quartermaster general of the United States army. The first engine of this make, bought by the government, was purchased after a vigorous competitive test, conducted by a specially appointed board of army officers and the fact that during the four succeeding years, including the present order, thirty-six Waterous gasoline fire engines have been purchased by the government, sufficiently attests its efficiency and in every way satisfactory character. The seventeen engines now ordered are of the company’s latest style, the No. 6 class B type, shown in the accompanying illustration. Practical evidence of the officiency and reliability of the Waterous gasoline fire engine which has “made good,” at home and abroad, wherever introduced, is being constantly received, The following being one of the opinions expressed as to their firefighting value, from practical firemen:

“McHenry, N. D., Feb. 21, 1910. The Waterous Engine Works Company, St. Paul. Minn. Gentlemen: The Waterous gasoline fire engine was again brought into service in our town last Tuesday night, when the general store of R. J. Howden was discovered to be on fire. This makes the sixth fire we have had since purchasing the Waterous, and in every case it has given the very best of service, and too much praise cannot be given it. The building was a frame one and the fire was of unknown origin, but the building was saved and property loss to the amount of $50,000 was averted by the excellent service rendered by the Waterous. Our citizens are high in their praise of your engine and if you at any time wish any recommendations from us, do not hesitate to make your wishes known. Jos. G. GRER, assistant chief McHenry fire department.”


Towns, large or small, contemplating the purchase of fire department equipment, are invited to apply to the Waterous Engine Works Company, St. Paul. Minn., for particulars concerning this efficient and successful apparatus, which is made hand drawn, combination hand and horse drawn, or self-propelled and of capacities suited to the requirements of all fire departments.

Fatal Fire in Boston.

When a spark from an electric connection fell into a can in which paint was being mixed in the armature room of the repair shops of the Boston, Mass., elevated railroad it started a fire that before it was extinguished had gutted the building, causing damage to the amount of about $250,000 and resulted in the death of Capt. Patrick W. Lanegan, of hook and ladder No. 12, who was buried with other firemen under a falling wall while directing the efforts of his men. The building, a three-story brick structure, 300×100 feet, on Harrison avenue, Albany and Union Park streets, was completely gutted, the front portion only apparently escaping injury. All the expensive machinery with which the different departments were equipped was destroyed, but the main power house, adjoining the burned building and which furnishes power for the elevated and surface lines, was saved by supreme efforts on the part of the firemen, and it was in directing this work that Captain Lanegan met his fate. Carried badly injured to the hospital, he regained consciousness before dying long enough to comment on the good work his “boys” had done at the fire. His decease was a source of sincere regret to his colleagues in the department.

Destructive Fire at New Bedford

Two alarms called the major part of the New Bedford, Mass., fire department to the warehouse of Dennison Brothers’ Company last week. The wooden building, a 5-story one, about 40 years old and covering about two acres, was badly involved when the firemen arrived, dense smoke issuing from all the windows and flames from those on the east side. There being neither par tition walls nor any interior fire protection, the fire which, apparently, started from some undiscovered cause, in the main building, burned fiercely for about two hours. Chief Ed. F. Dahill used two second-size Amoskeag steamers, two second-size La Franee, three hose wagons and two aerial ladder trucks. In addition to these the department was assisted by two streams furnished by departments 9 and to of the New England Cotton Yarn Company, so that at one time there were twelve good streams playing on the fire. The water supply, furnished by gravity from a 6-inch main and affording a hydrant pressure of 90 pounds, was sufficient for good plug streams and engine supply and 9,000 feet of cotton rubber-lined hose was stretched, threelengths of which burst during the fire. The nozzles used were 1 1/8-inch and 1 1/4-inch and one Eastman deluge set, with 2-inch tip, was also employed The fact that the fire had made extensive headway before the firemen were sunt moiled, that the building on account of the river, was inaccessible on two sides and that a strong wind from the Southwest fanned the flames, preeluded any possibility of saving the building. Notwithstanding these drawbacks the firemen succeeded in restricting the fire to the building in which it originated.


It is estimated by our correspondent, that the loss will amount to $20,000 on buildings and $155,000 on contents, consisting of cotton in hales and valued at $300,000. The cold storage belonging to the company and their engine and boiler house, were also quite badly damaged.

Report on Ahrens Engine Test.

The following account of a test to which an Ahrens second-size tire engine furnished to the Seattle, Wash., fire department was subjected in the shape of a letter to the makers front Chief Bringhurst, of that city, is of interest:

“Seattle, Wash., March 8, 1910. Ahrens Fire Engine Company. Cincinnati, Ohio. Gentlemen: Your second-size engine. No. 171, was yesterday given a final test on a hydrant at Terry avenue md Alder street, where the normal pressure is about 24 pounds. The discharge through a 1 3/4-inch nozzle ran as high as 830 gallons per minute. The engine was also worked at the fireboat dock on a lift of 16 feet from salt water and threw 798 gallons per minute with 1 3/4-inch nozzle. During these tests the engine ran up to 357 revoluions per minute, yet at no time was there any leating of hearings. Steam blew off almost continually and the performance was satisfactory _____n every way. The Board of Public Works accepted the engine to-day.”

Incendiarism Threatens Pennsylvania.

During the night between March 17 and 18 incendiaries made a determined attempt to destroy the town of Huntingdon, Pa. Four fires were started simultaneously in different parts of the city, and had it not been for assistance from Lewistown and Tyrone the town would probably have been laid in ashes. As it was, the First Methodist Church, the Central Planing Mill ’Company’s plant, J. S. Bare’s planing mill and several residences were completely destroyed and the First Presbyterian Church badly damaged, its steeple and clock being burned. The total losses will amount to $200,000. An aged woman, an invalid, whose residence was burned, died as a result of shock and removal, which makes the crime of the firebugs the more serious. Four young men—Abe Reed, John Earle, Harry McCrum and Carleton Gates—have since been arrested and have made written confession to having started the fires. They arc in jail charged with arson awaiting trial.

Firemen at Jacksonville. Fla., had a hard fight against a fire that broke out recently in the storage of a concern dealing in paints, oils and other supplies, and threatened the destruction of a block in the heart of the business section of the city, if not the complete obliteration of the district. It was nearly midnight when the alarm for the fire came in, and when the firemen arrived the flames, fed by the inflammable stock, were coming through the roof and spreading rapidly. Immediately adjacent were a number of wooden buildings, and these the firemen sought to protect, knowing that if the fire once started among them to save the block would be almost impossible. The fire was just about as stoubborn as the firemen experienced in a long time, but in the end it was stopped. The loss was estimated at $50,000, a good share of which was caused by water to a stock of pianos next door that was endangered.

The New Orleans Convention.

Mr. Fred. S. Bates, chairman of the exhibit committee of the American Water Works’ Association, again calls the attention of those who intend making exhibits at the New Orleans convention that space must be secured at once, as early applicants will obtain the choice positions. The exhibit hall will be in the Grunewald hotel, where the headquarters of the association will he located so that unusually favorable opportunity is thus presented to show goods to the very best advantage. No time should be lost in notifying Mr. Bates what space will be required. A letter to him care of the Rensselaer Manufacturing Company, Troy, N. Y., will receive prompt attention. The transportation committee has made final arrangements for a special trip direct to New Orleans via the Pennsylvania and Southern railroads. The return trip may be arranged by boat. Early application should be made for accommodation to the office of FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERIN, 136 West Twenty-second street, New York, or any member of the transportation committee. The splendid new hotel, the Grunewald, has arranged a schedule of charges which will meet the requirements of all who attend. The rates range from $1 to $6 a day. according to size and location of rooms. Early application should be made to Gaston Saux, manager.

Fire in Virginia Village.

According to reliable reports the mountain village of Mount Hope, Fayette County, West Virginia, was wiped out of existence by a fire that swept the place on March 24, Of 400 buildings, mostly residences, but four remain, and the two thousand inhabitants had to camp out or were housed in tents furnished by the National Guard. Many of the families burned out lost all their possessions, and great suffering resulted. The total loss amounted to $350,000.

Seattle Firemen.

Some two years ago. on the insistent recommendations of Chief Harry W. Bringhurst. of Seattle, Wash., the hoard of public works condemned an old building on the water front, known as the Minor Hotel, and compelled its vacation. The chief’s good judgment was vindicated when a fire recently broke out in the building. which except for a caretaker was unoccupied. Twenty minutes after the alarm was received the chief had just ordered Assistant Chief Hodder and fifteen firemen away from the building into safety when the entire structure collapsed and dropped into a heap of ruins. Chief Bringhurst says that if the building had been furnished and fully occupied the additional weight would have brought it down so much the quicker and heavy loss of life could hardly have been prevented.

The Court of Errors and Appeals at Trenton, N. J., has recently denied a motion on behalf of the cities of Newark and Jersey City and the East Jersey Water Company to enjoin the Chestnut Hill Land Company, of Paterson, from prosecuting three suits in the Supreme Court in which the land company seeks to recover $50,000 front each defendant for diverting waters from the Passaic watershed. An application to enjoin the prosecution of these suits was recently refused by Vice-Chancellor Stevens in Newark, and from this decision an appeal was taken to the Court of Errors and Appeals. Counsel for the plaintiffs insisted that the suits could not properly be determined by juries, since the questions involved were of a character requiring determination by a court of equity. The Court of Errors took a different view of the matter, however, and after a brief conference announced its refusal of the motion to enjoin the prosecution of the suits. The suit brought by the city of Georgetown, Tex., against the Water and Light Company, of Georgetown, for specific performance of contract, which has been pending for two years, has been decided by Judge George Calhoun in favor of the city. The judgment perpetuates a temporary injunction issued by Judge Brooks some months ago, and by its provisions the water and light company is required to keep 60 feet of water always in the standpipe to give direct pressure in case of fires; to cut out all leakage of creek water into the springs that furnish the city water supply, and in all other matters to abide by the contract with the city.

A suit brought by the Antigo, Wis., Water Company against the city of Antigo, one of several commenced to recover about $10,000 for hydrant rentals, has been decided for the city. The amount involved was $3,000, and the suit was brought as a test case. The company is expected to carry it to the Supreme Court, the consideration being too large for its abandonment.

Twelve prominent citizens of Parkersburg, W. Va., recently made application to the Circuit Court for an injunction to restrain all of the officials of the city of Parkersburg from proceeding further with the expenditure of any money from the waterworks construction fund, which amounts to $250,000, until all vouchers are approved by the Citizens’ Waterworks Commission. This is the climax of a two years’ continuous fight oyer the waterworks question.

Test of Universal Steamer at Seattle.

The high efficiency of the Universal engine has just been demonstrated in the city of Seattle, Wash., where two third-size Universal engines were tested by the officials of the fire depart ment and showed a delivering capacity of 749 gallons of water per minute against high pressures. Test was with two lines of hose, 100 feet in each line siamesed into 1 3/4-inch smooth bore nozzle. These little third-size engines in the capacity test thoroughly demonstrated their high efficiency and were commended highly by the officials of the department owing to the steadiness of operation and the great steaming capacity of the boiler. Even at this excessive high speed on the Universal engines, the smoothness of operation was plainly noticed, the engines being so steady that they did not even have spring jacks, the entire weight of the engine sitting on its own springs. It certainly was a very good demonstration of the counter-balanced features used only on the Universal engine. Complete records of this engine will be published in a later issue.

Chief Shaugnessy Retires.

After a service of upwards of twenty-four rears, of which for three years and nine months he was at its head. Chief Engineer Patrick H. Shaughnessy, of the SanFrancisco, Cal., fire department, has been retired at his own request on half-pay. Second Assistant Chief Thomas R. Murphy, who has served eighteen years in the department, was appointed to succeed him. The new chief, who was made captain in 1897 and battalion chief in 1905, was promoted to second assistant chief in 1906 on the recommendation of the Secretary of the Navy on account of valuable services rendered in saving government property. John McClusky succeeds him as second assistant chief.


At a recent election held in Groton, N. Y., a proposition to install water meters was rejected. It is understood, however, that the light and water board will adopt a meter system anyhow, the law permitting them to do so.

Detroit. Mich., with 83,992 service taps, had in use on July 3, 1909, 7,956 meters, of which 7,895 were of the Thomson make. The total receipts for water rates amounted to $628,177.65. of which $229,956.90 was received for metered water.

At the close of the year ending November 30, 1909, the city of Holyoke, Mass., had in use 351 meters, 99 of which were Worthington, 80 Crown, 64 Mersey, 32 Empire and the remainder of various makes in smaller numbers. The total quantity of water consumed was 2,046,592,000 gallons, furnished through 4,061 services; 653,290,500 gallons being metered. The receipts from water supplied at fixed rates were $81,555.56; from metered water, $31,417.64.

At Hagerstown, Md., Dr. J. McP. Scott, Republican candidate for mayor, who is running on a platform strongly opposed to the installation of a universal meterage system, recently refused to allow workmen from the local water company to set a meter in his residence.

Charlotteville, Va., will adopt universal meterage as a means of stopping water waste, and at a recent meeting of the city council an ordinance was passed announcing this fact and appropriating $2,800 for the purchase of a first installment of 200 meters.

The town of Attleboro, Mass., has 2,234 services and 2.246 meters in use, 145 having been added during the past year. Of the meters in use, 756 are of the Union rotary make, 592 Nash, 247 Keystone, 162 Hersey. 158 Crown and 119 King. The town owns and rents 2,050 of these meters, and 196 are the property of consumers.

A recently published report of the Montreal waterworks shows 1,226 meters in use on December 31, 3908, all but 55 of which were owned by the city. Of these, 418 are Thomson, 399 Crown, 239 Hersey and 87 Gem.

The loss of the books in which the readings of water meters for the past two years are recorded is causing much trouble to the water department at Alliance. Ohio. Prior to 1909 there were about 60 meters in use in the city. During that year about 125 were installed. Where disputes occur in connection with charges for water the absence of the meter readings is very unfortunate.

Water Bids Opened.

SEATTLE, WASH.—Hans Pederson was awarded contract for pipe line extension and new reservoirs at Green lake. Steel pipe will be used.

CANON CITY, COLO.—Contract for the construction of the Canon City. Florence and Pueblo Water Company’s system, known as the De Weese project, has been awarded to Kendrick. Quigley & Russell, of Kansas City on their bid of $12,987,000. The system is to be completed April 1, 1912.

PETERSBURG, VA.—Contract for installing a Worthington turbine pump has been awarded to the General Electric Company.

VICKSBURG, MISS.—Southern Paving and Construction Company received contract for water main extension at $20,000.

KINGSTON, N. Y.—Edward Bader, of Atlantic City has received a sub-contract for part of the $30,000,000 Catskill reservoir here.

SYRACUSE, N. Y.—Contract for furnishing 40,000 lbs. of pig lead and 60,000 lbs. of lead pipe of different sizes has been awarded to the Pierce, Butler & Pierce Manufacturing Company, at $1,898.40 and $3,120. The contract for curb boxes went to Bingham & Taylor, of Buffalo at $1,015.25.

PHILADELPHIA, PA.—Bids for the delivery of 2,350 tons of cast-iron pipe have been opened, as follows: Charles Miller & Son Company, of

Utica, $65,042: the Warren Foundry & Machine Company, of New York, $61,114; the U. S. Cast iron Pipe & Foundry Company, $60,515, and the Florence Iron Works, $58,372. The last hid was accepted.

Sioux CITY, IA.—Lewis & Leader were lowest bidders for laying 9,600 feet of 24-inch water main at 70 cents per linear foot.

FT. MACKENZIE, WYO.—Wm. Jarrard & Co., of Sheridan, was awarded the contract for relining the reservoir at $8,998.

BALTIMORE, MD.—Baltimore County Water and Electric Company has the contract to lay pipe lines throughout the suburban district of Ten Hills.

MEADVILLE, PA.—Contract for erecting chimney at pumping station has been awarded to Heine Chimney Company, of Chicago.

FT. ROBINSON, NEB.—Contract for constructing an addition and repairing the pump house has been awarded to E. W. Lindersmith. of St. Paul.

STUMP NECK, MD.—Marine corps has awarded contract for the construction of a tower and tank to the Fairbanks-Morse Co., of New York City, at $573.

TOWNSEND, WASH.—Contract for construction of reservoir No. 2 on Morgan Hill has been awarded to Coyne & Son at $12,482.

WALTERS, OKLA.—City awarded contract to E. R. Kerin, of Lawton, at $67,760 for construction of waterworks, electric light and sewage system.

MERKEL, TE.—A. C. Jones, of Opelousas, La., has received contract to construct a waterworks plant.

BUFFALO GAP, TEX.—Dallas Construction Company will build a reservoir for the Gulf Coast & Santa Fe Railroad at $50,000.

COLUMBUS, Kan.— Bids for extending the waterworks system have been opened as follows; J. C. Barr Co., $7,868.50; Joseph Emmington. $7,854; Cook Construction Co., $7,600; Yale & Ireland, $7,502.30; E. M. Fisher, $7,297; O’Bannon & Foster, $7,192.80; Freeborn Engineering and Construction Co., $6,600.70; Fred. Deiter, $6,347.90, and F. E. Brooks & Sons Co., $6,078. The last mentioned received the contract.

READING, PA.—Bids for cast iron pipe and special castings and for a pumping station have been opened as follows: Standard Cast Tron Pipe and Foundry Co., $6.868.73; R. D. Wood & Co., $7,108.77; United States Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., $7,085, and the Warren Foundry and Machine Co., $6,940.40. The Standard company received the contract. The bids for cast-iron gate boxes were the Textile Machine Works. .0285c. per pound and the Reading Scale and Machine Co., ,0225c. per pound. The last named received the contract. For constructing the high-service pumping station, Fehr & O’Rourke bid $24,465; James Maty, $29,221, and L. H. Focht & Son, $29,900. The contracts for laying 20-inch supply pipe and for laying mains during the fiscal year were awarded to James O’Rourke at $4,003.35 and $3,549.10.

MCKEESPORT, PA.—Contracts for water department supplies for ensuing year have been awarded as follows: Cast-iron pipe, U. S. Cast

Iron Pipe and Foundry Co.; gate valves, Rcnnssalaer Mfg. Co.; corporation cocks, Hays Mfg. Co.; curb boxes and extension valve boxes, Anchor Sanitary Co. Contracts for coal and oil were also awarded.

FORT MORGAN, COLO.—Contract for the construction of the Wildcat reservoir has been awarded to D. A. Camfield and S. H. Shields for $500,000.

EDMOND, OKLA.—Contract for extending 4-inch pipe to waterworks was awarded to E. R. Kirby at $8,000.

FRANKLIN, TENN.—Contract to extend waterworks has been awarded to J. W. Worthington, of Sheffield, Ala.

HADDONFIELD, N. J.—Following contracts have been awarded: Meters, to the Thomson Meter Co.; house connections and curb boxes, to I. C. Manning; small pipe and tapping machine, to H. A. Fulmer Co.

HAMILTON, OHIO.—Bids for water-softening plant for waterworks have been opened as follows; W. McLeod, Cincinnati, $1,500; National Water Softening Company, Pittsburg, $2,680; Pittsburg Filter Manufacturing Company, $2,000; American Water Softening Company, Philadelphia, $2,990 and $3,142. Award not announced.

PHOENIX, ARIZ.—Bids for cross-compound Corliss pumping engine have been opened as follows :

Platt Iron Works, Dayton, Ohio……..$14,500

Norberg Mfg. Co., Milwaukee, Wis…… 13,545

Laidlaw-Dunn-Gordon Co., Cincinnati, O.. 10,765

Fred. M. Prescott Steam Pump Co…… 14,745

Allis-Chalmers Co., Milwaukee, Wis…… 15,730

Pacific Coast Mfg. Co……… 25,750

Chas. C. Moore Co., San Francisco, Cal.. 14,425

J. F. Connell……………… 15,495

George E. Dow Co., San Francisco, Cal.. 17,650 Contract awarded to Norberg Mfg. Co.

TOLEDO, Ohio.—Contract for 1,000 tons of castiron pipe has been awarded to the U. S. Cast Iron Pipe Company, of Chicago, at $25.20 per ton.

MILWAUKEE, WIS.—Michael O’Donnell has received contract to extend water mains at $15,000.

Fire Bids Opened.

TACOMA, WASH.—Contract for 5,000 feet of hose has been awarded to the Pacific Coast Fire Supply Company, at 66 cents. A. C. Tousey hid 90 cents.

W EST ALDIS, WIS.—Contract for supplying 500 feet of Keystone fire hose awarded to the New York Belting & Packing Company, at $1 per foot.

NYACK, N. Y.—Bids for furnishing new fire carriage have been received as follows: Robin-

son Fire Apparatus Manufacturing Company. $770; Haywood Manufacturing Company. $850; W. W. Wunder, $765; Combination Ladder Company, $750; American-La France Fire Engine Company, $875.

SALEM, MASS.—Contract for 1,000 feet hose awarded to Eureka Company. Other bids were: The Callahan Company, 85 cents and 75 cents; the Boston Belting Company, 70 cents; C. C. Cal lahan, 75 cents and 64 cents; the Boston Woven Hose Company, 67 cents and 64 cents and the Mineralized Company, 76 cents.

WASHINGTON, D. C.—Bids for furnishing one steel combination chemical engine and hose wagon have been opened as follows: Combina-

tion Ladder Company, $2,645; American-La France Fire Engine Comuany, $2,044; James Boyd & Bro., $1,999, and the U. S. Fire Apparatus Company, $1,875. The last bidder received the contract.

MEMPHIS, TENN.—Contracts for purchase of two fire engines have ben awarded to the Ahrens Eire Engine Co. at $5,850 and $5,300.

ROBESONIA, PA.—Contract for supplying 600 feet of fire hose has been awarded to the Eureka Hose Mfg. Co., of New York.

TAMPA, FLA.—Bids for supplying uniforms and caps have been opened as follows; R. W. Stockley & Co., Philadelphia, uniforms, $20.10; A. Singer & Co., Chicago, $16.25 to $21.75; George Evans & Co., Philadelphia, $11.50 to $16.00; D. Klein, Philadelphia, caps, $1 to $1.25; Mizell & McRae, Tampa, uniforms, $19.80, caps, $1.75; Wolf Bros., Tampa, $22.50 and $1.75; Penn Dawson, Tampa, $21.50 to $27,50 and $1.50 to $1.75; H. Giddens & Co., Tampa, $25 to $33 and $1.50 to $1.75; R. Sierra Sr Sous, Tampa, $16.50 to $21.50 and $1.50 to $1.75, Contract awarded Mizell & McRae.

WASHINGTON, D. C.—Bids have been opened by district commissioners for furnishing one coin hination chemical engine and hose wagon for use in the Washington fire department. The contract was awarded to the U. S. Fire Apparatus Company, of Philadelphia, at $1,875. The other bidders were James Boyd & Bro., Philadelphia, $1,999, and the Combination Ladder Company, of New York City.

NEW BRUNSWICK, N. J.— Bids for supplying 2,000 feet of fire hose have been opened as follows; Voorhees Rubber Mfg. Co., Jersey City,

95c. and 85c.: Peerless Rubber Hose Mfg. Co., New York, 95c. and 90c.; Fabric Fire Hose Co., Newark. 95c.; United and Globe Mfg. Co., New York, 67 1/2c, and 58c.; Multiple Woven Hose Co., Worcester, 90c.; Quaker City Rubber Hose Co.. Philadelphia, 85c. and 70c.; Gutta Percha Rubber Mfg. Co., New York, $1.20, $l and 85c,; C. C. C. Fire Hose Co., New York, $1.10 and 90c., and the New Jersey Car Spring and Rubber Co., Jersey City, 90c. and 75c. Award not announced.

TACOMA, Wash.—A. G. Long, of Portland, has received contract to supply the city with firefighting appliances at $1,492. Fight bids were received.

Meetings to Come.

April 10-15.—Waterworks Superintendents’ Convention. New Orleans.

April 26-30.—American Water Works Association, Annual Meeting. New Orleans.

May.—Louisiana State Firemen’s Convention, Lafayette, La.

June 1-3.—Georgia Slate Firemen’s Convention, Savannah, Ga.

June 6-10.—Six County Firemen’s Convention. Shenandoah. Fa.

June 810.—Maryland Stale Veteran Volunteer Firemen’s Convention, Baltimore. Md.

June 21-23.—South Carolina State Firemen’s Convention, Sumpter. S. O.

July 26-28.—New York State Volunteers’ Association. Auburn, N. Y.

August 23-26.—International Association Fire Engineers Convention. Syracuse, N. Y.

October.—Pennsylvania Stale Firemen’s Convention, Altoona, Fa.

The water department of Mexia, Tex., recently shipped 250,000 gallons of water by rail to neighboring towns, where the supplies have already been exhausted.