Artesian Wells at Dalton.
Before Dalton, Mass., had arrived at its present status in the line of papermaking, suitable water in sufficient abundance was hard to obtain. Far distant springs were utilised for the benefit of the mills and piped to them in wooden pipes. As the quantity was far below the mark, however, in 1850 recourse was had to artesian wells, among the first of which was that now known as the Chamberlain well, on the site of the Weston Centennial mill. In 1855 a shaft 150 ft. deep was sunk which furnished a supply that called for a 4-in. pipe. In these days such drilling took a much longer time than at present. In 1856 and 1857 an attempt was made to drill an artesian well on the site of the old Pioneer mill; but. after drilling down 700 ft. without success. the attempt was abandoned and not resumed till 1883 and 1884. The Byron Weston company then sunk a shaft for the deep well on the Centennial mill property that went down 311 ft. An 8-in. pipe discharged a fine stream. Following this, the machine was moved to a point west of the Weston Defiance mill, near to the riverbed, where the Bonanza well was drilled. When the depth of 200 ft. was reached, a fine flow of water, calling for a 12-in. pipe, was found. On this well the mill praticaliy depends today for its water supply. Last April the Byron Weston company had a well drilled and secured a good flow at a depth of 406 ft. Fifty feet from this well another was drilled, and at a depth of 336 ft. abundance of odorless and colorless water, in every way fit for the manufacture of the finest paper, was found. The wells of the Byron Weston company now are the following: The Bonanza, 200 ft. deep, flowing a 12-in. stream; the deep 511 -ft. well with an 8-in. pipe; the Chamberlain well, 150 ft deep, with a 4-in. pipe; and the Defiance well, 76 ft. deep, with a 3-in. pipe, besides the two with a 10-in. pipe each. The entire amount of water now obtained from the wells is about 2.000 gal, a minute, which will furnish all the mills an ample supply of an excellent quality of pure water.