Augusta Uses One Thousand Gallons Per Tap

Augusta Uses One Thousand Gallons Per Tap

The report of the water department of Augusta, Ga., shows particularly that a new pumping engine of 10,000,000 gallons capacity must be installed or meterage adopted to stop the abnormal waste of water in that city. The report contains the following details: The total amount of water pumped during the year was 3,729,253,572 gallons, which is an average of 10,217,407 per day of twenty-four hours, an increase over 1914 of five per cent. About eight per cent, of this amount is used for washing the filter plant, leaving approximately 9.500,000 gallons which is furnished to consumers. This approximates 1,000 gallons per day per tap, an amount far beyond the usual consumption in other cities. The filter plant has been operated to the best advantage under the existing conditions. However, during periods of muddy water it has been taxed beyond its capacity. While the operation of the water works plant up to this time has been satisfactory, with the exception possibly of a few short periods of slightly discolored water, we, nevertheless, have reached a point in the relation of capacity to consumption that makes it necessary for the proper protection of the city to take under immediate consideration either the expenditure of a large sum of money for increasing the capacity of the plant, or divising some method by which the consumption will be increased. Both pumps and filters are taxed to their capacity, a condition which never should be allowed to exist. Since the establishment of the present water works plant, 6,019 taps have been made. About 10 per cent, of these are Tor renewals of old services. but something like 6,000 new services have been added, while the pumping and reservoir capacity remains the same. An addition has been made to the filter plant, but this has also reached its capacity. The amount of water used in Augusta is out of all proportion to the number of consumers, being above normal by at least 40 per cent. In order to be certain that no mistake has been made in calculating the quantity furnished, tests have been made with measuring apparatus at the pumping station, on the delivery main, between the reservoir and the filters, between the filters and the city. Tests show that approximately the quantity mentioned is being delivered and these tests also show that the consumption goes steadily through the twenty-four hours, the rates of delivery in the middle of the night when the consumption should be small being at the rate of 6,000,000 gallons per day or an. excess of the total amount which should be used. This indicates many openings running and a general waste of water everywhere. One of the chief causes of this waste is the failure of the property owners to repair leakly fixtures. This could be stopped effectively in only one way, and that is by a general introduction of meters so that water wasted will be paid for. If this is done the consumption will be reduced and for the present it will be unnecessary to enlarge the plant. If this plan is not adopted then it will be necessary to at once install an additional pump which should have a capacity of 10,000,000 gallons in twentyfour hours. The capacity of the filter plant should be increased by the construction of a coagulating and sedimentation basin to be used in connection with the present plant. As the coagulating basin will increase the capacity of each unit in the present plant, it will not be necessary to add additional units at this time. It will also be necessary to build the second reservoir so that a sufficient quantity of water will he in reserve in case of a breakdown at the pumping station, or any serious break in the main between the pumping station and the reservoir. Until this increase in plant is accomplished it will not he possible to increase the water pressure in the water mains for the reason that every potSnd of increased pressure increases the amount of water forced through leaky fixtures, and as we are now furnishing an amount practically equal to the capacity, any increase would mean draught on the reserve in the reservoir which in a few weeks wotdd he entirely exhausted. The improvements to the water works plant while admitted to be necessary, have been put aside from year to year, on account of other large undertakings which the city had underway, but we have now reached the point where the matter will have to be faced. Either the consumption must be reduced or the capacity of the plant increased.

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