Battle Creek Waterworks Report.
Goguac Lake, with an area of 360 acres and a maximum depth of 80 feet, which drains a watershed of 1.5 square miles and for part of the year is fed by Minges Brook, which has a drainage area of it square miles, furnishes a copious supply of good water to Battle Creek, Mich., with its population of 28,000. The waterworks, owned and operated by the city, were constructed in 1887 and operate on the pumping and standpipe system. The pumps, of the Blake compound, duplex, condensing type, two in number, have each a daily capacity of 2,500,000 gallons, working against 65 to 85 pounds pressure, on a lift, including suction and friction of 120 feet. The standpipe, of 143,000 gallons capacity, is 75 feet high and standing on high ground, the high water point is 200 feet above the business part of the city. Distribution is effected by 51.8 miles of mains, of 4 to 16-inch diameter. There are 534 hydrants set and 4,406 services, 90 per cent, of which are metered. Of the water consumed 66 per cent, is paid for by meter, yielding $41,000 of the total water rates revenue of $45,124. Reviewing financial results for the year, Superintendent Brigden says: “We began placing meters in time, did it gradually and made it an object by giving low meter rates, so we had no real trouble. Our people approve of a meter system almost unanimously.” Of the meters in use, 1,308 are Crown make, 1,193 Lambert, 866 Nash, 472 Neptune, 190 Thomson, and the remainder, of various makes. That the economic results obtained from the administration of the Battle Creek waterworks, for which the Board of Public Works is responsible, is excellent, is demonstrated by the fact that the department pays all operating expenditures, interest and construction work from net earnings, has a balance in the city treasurer’s hands of $22,600 and could pay the outstanding $30,000 bonds, the only debt of the department, this year if they Were due.
A system of waterworks has been installed at Petersburg, N. Y.