Bavarian Fire Departments.
The kingdom of Bavaria, excluding the Palatinate, writes a Munich correspondent of The London Fireman, now numbers 5600 volunteer fire brigades, with, together, 286,000 men, All these brigades are members of the Bavarian Fire Brigades’ Union, called the Feuerwehr-Verbund, at the head of which is placed a committee, the Landes-Feucrwehr-Ausschuss.’ This committee is presided over by Herr Ludwig Jung, counsellor of the royal court at Munich. The large arm of the Bavarian fire brigades is divided into district and department associations ; all the districts and departments have their representants, and the representants of the districts (about 150) meets every five years at a general meeting, called the “ LandesFeuenvehr-Versammelung.” The expenses for a general office, existing at Munich of the fire brigades have been granted by the Bavarian government, that also pays 50,000 marks every year as a support to wounded or sick firemen, and to the widows and orphans of firemen. Each of the seven Bavarian government districts receives 7000 marks yearly to buy utensils. There is also a governmental institution for the supply of water, giving good advice and furnishing projects to the different corporations in matters of providing for water.
The city of Munich, with about 300,000 inhabitants, possesses a professional fire brigade of fifty men, and a volunteer brigade of seven companies of 600 men. The other large towns of the kingdom, Vurnberg, Augsburg Wurzburg, Bamberg, etc., all have well equipped and exercised brigades. There are now many districts in Bavaria where every communiary possesses a well-practiced brigade, and mostly in a very short time different brigades arrive at the place where there is a fire. In respect of these good institutions the taxes ef fire insurance are in the decline in Bavaria. Although the number of Fires does not yet decrease, the large conflagrations diminish, because even in the country now a prompt and sufficient support arrives when a fire is breaking out.