BRITISH AUTOMOBILE FIRE APPARATUS.

BRITISH AUTOMOBILE FIRE APPARATUS.

The Motor Fire King is an automobile steamer built by the Merry weather & Sons company, of London. It is fitted with oil fuel apparatus and one has recently made the journey under its own steam from London to Liverpool in four days, traveling only by day and making frequent stops. This engine is capable of running forty miles an hour, but on its journey down stuck rigidly to the letter of the law. The motor chemical engine built by the same firm for fire service in Liverpool accompanied the fire engine as far as Coventry, where the changespeed gear went slightly wrong. After having been repaired, the machine was sent on by train. It is a combination petroleum motor chemical engine of the newest type. For the Tottenham fire district the urban council has purchased an oil fuel motor steam fire engine of the Motor Fire King type, with a capacity of 320 gallons per minute. Five pounds of steam will always be kept up in the engine by means of a gas jet, and when a call is received the vaporised oil can be at once ignited, and in less than a minute and a half the machine can leave the station. It is fitted with very powerful brakes and excellent steering gear, and is at all times under the most complete control of the driver. Any speed can be maintained up to thirty miles an hour. On reaching the fire, the driving machinery can easily be thrown out of gear and the pumps put on, so that by the time the hose is laid and the nozzlemen ready, pumping can be begun at once. The engineer regulates and controls the fire. The engine carries two cylinders containing thirty gallons of oil— enough to last for several hours at an ordinary fire. Two tanks are fitted, one on each side of the boiler, for the storage of water, and a main fuel-pump works all the time the engine is traveling. In case that pump should fail, an injector pump is fixed in a convenient position. The combined motor chemical fire engine, hose tender, and fire escape is fitted with a JO b. h. p. motor, capable of propelling the machine at three speeds—-fifteen, ten, and six miles an hour, or of reversing at the latter speed. It is entirely automatic in its action, and is fitted with electric ignition. The escape is a fifty-foot, sliding, telescopic, carriage escape, which can be shipped and unshipped in a few seconds. The ladders are trussed with steel tubes up each side, and, in case of any rungs being broken, they can be replaced without in any way weakening the sides of the ladders. By an ingenious device the ladders are extended by the same hoisting gear as that used to wind up the sliding carriage. The chemical cylinder, which is of polished copper, with gunmetai fittings, has a capacity of sixty gallons, and is equipped with acid bottle and patent apparatus for mixing the liquids. If required, compressed carbonic acid gas can be used, after the original charge is exhausted. A brass reel carries 180 feet of solid rubber hose for the discharge of the chemical fluid, and the hose tender carries 300 feet of two and thrce-fourths-inch hose, whose couplings, as well as those of the standpipe heads and all branches, are of aluminum. The machine will carry six men besides the driver.

MOTOR CHEMICAL ENGINE AND FIRE ESCAPE, TOTTENHAM, ENGLAND.

At the recent Castile, N. Y., meeting of the Genesee-Wyoming firemen, the following three questions were discussed: “Does not heavy insurance placed on hazardous risks promote incendiarism; if so, what steps shall he taken to prevent it?” “Is the introduction of politics into fire matters pernicious; if so, what steps can be taken to prevent it?” “Do chief engineers and officers of companies inspect dangerous buildings and places where large numbers of people congregate or are employed; if not, why not?”

MOTOR STEAM FIRE ENGINE, TOTTENHAM, ENGLAND.

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