News From All Points.



The steady growth of Toledo, Ohio, especially in the business and central districts, necessitates the maintenance of a firstclass fire department. Chief William Mayo is determined that his shall rank with the highest, if he can accomplish it, and that he has done “excellently well” with what men and apparatus he has is shown by the comparatively small loss of the past year in proportion to the number of alarms. Of these there were 588. The total loss amounted to $441,114.97 on property which was insured for $4,009,605. The insurance paid was $434,134.97, showing that the loss over insurance paid to be $6,980. The average loss for each alarm was only a little over $750. Of the fires attended 327 took place in frame buildings; 153 in brick; seventyone were other than building fires; four, for calls outside the city, and thirty-three were false alarms. Of the fires in buildings all but two were confined to the buildings in which they originated. What is lacking is in the way of apparatus, not of efficient men though six additional firemen arc really required. To protect the city as it should be protected there should he added to the equipment either seven additional steamers or at least one fireboat, with auxiliary pipes and independent hydrants, which would afford protection not only to the immediate vicituiy. but also to an area at least 1,000 feet bemud the termination of the auxiliary lines. As it “”is! of the eight steamers in the department, four are of small size and not capable of handling more than one stream, unless the lines of hose happen to be very short ones. There should, besides, be constructed at least fifteen fire cisterns of 1,000-barrel capacity each, and fed from the waterworks system At present there are but four. T hese are of small size, and have no waterworks connections. They are of but little use to the fire department. These, with the lireboat, are all the more imperatively needed, since, under present conditions, if a main burst in the business parts of the city while a (ire was raging, a conflagration would infallibly ensue. Additional fire docks are also called for, to be kept clear of all incumbrances, so that fire engines can IK* placed thereon without delay. An engine house, equipped with a combination hose and chemical wagon, and a hook and ladder truck, and an addition to No. 3 engine house, are also required, as well as two additional hook and ladder trucks, and improvements in the way of connections and valves for the water tower. Since, also. Assistant Chiefs L. H. F.lling and P. B. McDonough do all the clerical work, and one district is at a great distance from headquarters, the appointment of a battalion chief would seem to lie an advantage. The installation of additional fire alarm boxes and the purchase of about 6,000 feet of underground cable would also greatly increase the efficiency of the fire alarm system, which otherwise is in firstclass shape. A new system of telephoning from any of the fire alarm boxes has been installed, and five portable telephones have been pur chased and placed in service.


Chief Engineer Charles M. Banks, of the New Brunswick, N. J., fire department, had sixty-five tires last year, twenty-nine being from the street alarm boxes, while twenty-six were still alarms. I he tire loss was $25,190—an average per alarm of only $387, and a per capita loss of $1.14. The insurance on the property on tire amounted to $91,630. The largest fires of the year were the destruction of the Krause ice and coal plant and the Barnard and Hoe fires, at the Landing Bridge. One general alarm was sounded for the Krause fire, and two second alarms for other fires. The department has an equipment of six steam engines, six hose wagons, one hook and ladder truck, two wagons, 8,000 feet of hose, and other appliances. During the past year, a firstclass American tire engine was added to the force. This engine is equipped with thrcc-horse hitch and rubber tires, ami was on exhibition in New York at the Chief Engineers’ convention last fall. The city is supplied with the Gamewell fire alarm telegraph system, with twenty-eight alarm boxes, and the water supply is ample for tire purposes. New Brunswick is a compactly built city of 22,000 inhabitants, a manufacturing centre of considerable size, and the seat of the well-known Rutger’s College.


Chief Engineer James W. Hodgkinson, of the Orange, N. J., fire department, has just completed his sixteenth year as the head of the tire department of that city. He has. however, been connected with the department a much longer time, having been appointed a stoker of the old Watchung company, December 2. 1870. At that time the department was a volunteer force. When the new’ engine was purchased in 1873. he was transferred to the engine house in Mitchell street, the company being known as relief engine No. 2. After serving for four years he resigned and went to Brooklyn, N. Y. In December, 1881. he returned to Orange and again entered the service, and has held various offices ever since. At the time of his promotion to chief engineer he was foreman of engine company No. 1. Of all the fire departments in Essex county, that of Orange ranks second to the fire department of Newark in general efficiency and equipment, and under the guidance of Chief Hodgkinson is constantly being improved. The city of Orange has a population nf some 27,000. and is well built up. The equipment uf the department comprises steam fire engine, recently rebuilt, one combination chemical engine and hose wagon, one hook and ladder truck, one hose carriage, two hose wagons, 7,000 feet of hose, and some twelve to fifteen horses. The city is well equipped w’ith the Gamewell automatic fire alarm system, comprising thirty-six alarm boxes, together with gongs, tower bells and other appliances. The total force of the department consists of forty-five men, of which a considerable number are full paid and the remainder part paid. The value of the equipment is about $60,000. The water supply is abundant for fire and domestic purposes, with some 350 hydrants and other appliances.


In his annual message the mayor of Evanston, Ill., thus speaks of that city’s fire department: “I am pleased to note considerable improvement in this department during the past year, not only in the addition of new apparatus and material for better fire protection, hut also in an increased loyalty on the part of the men working in this department in an endeavor to give the best service possible. Six new’ alarm boxes have been added to the fire alarm system. A new combination hose and chemical has also been purchased and added to the equipment. Twenty-seven thousand feet of four-wire cable has been laid underground and connected with the central fire station. This department is now in such excellent shape that I believe the needs of Evanston are fully met with, outside of possibly a new fire engine, which we are badly in need of, to assist the old two-stream engine, which we have had in service for a number of years past. This matter, however, has been thoroughly investigated by the fire and finance committees, and it is largely a question of funds to purchase and maintain the same that prevents us from placing the additional engine in operation. During the past year 162 fire alarms have been given the department, besides three fires which were visited outside of the city limits. The total actual loss incurred by these fires is estimated by the chief of the fire department to amount to $17,567.50. The chief of the department, in his annual report, recommends that additional fire hydrants be placed in the business district of the city, in order to effectually combat with any fire that might take place in that section. I would, therefore, recommend that that matter be taken up by the fire committee and investigation be made and a report rendered to the council upon the subject.”



During the past year the firemen of North Adams, Mass., answered sixty-two alarms of fire, lhe value of the property endangered was $225,000, insured for $218,000. The whole loss for the year did not amount to more than $7,000, of which over $6,000 worth was insured. That the loss was so trifling was due in great measure to the efficiency of its fire department and the means of fire-protection adopted at North Adams. Chief W. W. Byars is a veteran firefighter and takes good care that his men shall not fall below the mark. He has a fire area of between 6,000 and 7.000 acres to look after, and to cover this he has between seventy and eighty men, of whom a little more than one-twentieth part is paid; a little over half is part paid; and about one-third is volunteer. The equipment consists of a chemical engine, some chemical extinguishers, two hook and ladder trucks, three hose carriages, one hose wagon, add about 5.000 feet of cotton hose, of which some four-fifths is good. The Gamewell fire alarm is installed, with over thirty boxes, and the water pressure is from ninety to 100 pounds. Chief Byars recommends that an aerial ladder be purchased, as there are now several buildings in the city too high to be effectively reached by the water pressure. He also recommends that all the left-handed hydrants be taken up and that new and improved hydrants be set in many of the streets.


T he city of Fort Smith, Ark., has a nopulation of over 11.ooo, and it is fast coming to the front as one of the most progressive business centers in the West. Its waterworks is in excellent condition, under the superintendence of S. J. Rosamond, and its fire department has made a fine record for the past year. In his report Chief J. W. Rice states that the number of alarms for 1902 was ninety; total loss on buildings and contents, $16,724.68; insurance paid. $14,947.03. The total expense of maintaining the department was $7,098.11, which is a very small amount for a city of the size of Fort Smith. Chief Rice requests that the hook and ladder truck now in reserve be placed in commission, and that another fire company be formed at a cost of $2,390 per year. These are verv moderate demands, and. considering the efficient fire service rendered the city last year, night to be complied with at once. The fact that the chief says he has apparatus for equipping the new station makes the proposition the more feasible. The equipment of the department is as follows: One’ third-class steamer; tw’O hose wagons; two hose reels; one hook and ladder truck; eight horses; 1.350 feet of rubber hose, and 1,150 feet of cotton hose.




News From All Points.


Fire Chief A. A. Rozetta, of Nashville, Tenn., had a busy time last year in answering 284 calls. Some of the fires were fierce, such, for instance, as that at the Model mills, where the loss was $160,000, or that at the Vendome theatre, where it amounted to $25,000. But taken all round, when it is considered that the total loss for 284 calls amounted only to $273,609.65—an average of something under $964 for each call, it will readily be conceded that Chief Rozetta and his department must be praised for the good record shown. The loss was distributed as follows: Buildings, $17,914.91; stock, $155,694.74. The total amount of insurance on buildings and contents involved was $907,875. The following is the personnel of the department: Chief, assistant chief; captains, eleven; lieutenants, eleven; engineers, seven; stokers, seven; pipemen, drivers, and laddermen, forty-four; fire alarm superintendent; lineman; one helper in repair shop—total, eighty-three. The following is the equipment: Engines, seven; combination hose wagons, two; supply wagon; hose carriages, five; hose reel; chemical engine; aerial truck; buggies, three; reserve engine; and reserve chemical. The total expense of operation for the year was $89,929.96. The appropriation was $89,930. In the department are fifty horses, six of which are extra. Hose to the length of 11,800 feet is serviceable. The discipline is firstclass. The following companies compose the department: Engine companies, seven; chemical company; hose companies, two; hook and ladder company. Chief Rozetta makes the following recommendations among others: An appropriation of $5,000 to erect an engine house on a lot owned by the city at the corner of Spruce street and Olympic avenue, with $250 for furnishing same and eight men for equipping it; another steamer, to cost $4,500, and a combination hose wagon, to cost $1,600. The construction of certain water mains as recommended last year. The fire alarm and telegraph and repair shop are all in good shape.



Only fifteen alarms were sent in at Norwalk. Conn., during 1902, but the way in which Chief J. Thornton Prowitt handled them showed that he and his men are well enough able to deal with any fire that is likely to occur in the city. The total loss was $3,730.68, which was fully insured. A paid driver; two horses—valued at $400, and set of harness were the additions to the department during the year. At one fire outside the limits, that at Dorlon, to which Chief Prowitt and his men were called, they could do nothing, as the blaze had gained too great headway and the water facilities were too poor. They were, therefore, compelled to let the building—an hotel—burn down at a loss of $12,000 —not half insured.


State Fire Marshal Rusling reports that in 1902— the first full year of the existence of the office of fire marshal in Connecticut, 1,427 fires of all classes were investigated and reported by local fire marshals. Of these ninety-two were investigated directly by the State marshal, eighty-seven having been found to be either of incendiary, suspicious, or mysterious origin. “It is most difficult (says the report) to obtain sufficient evidence to secure conviction in a case of arson; but I feel warranted in the statement that the investigation has its good effect, although the incendiary is not apprehended. The moral effect is good, and may deter others from incendiarism. During the year thirteen persons have been arrested for the crime of arson, two of whom were sent to the reform school, and eleven bound over to the superior court. Of the bound-over prisoners, three were convicted and are serving terms in prison; two were acquitted; one fled the State; one is to be re tried on account of a disagreement of the jury; and a number are now in jail awaiting trial.” There was a marked improvement in reports received from local marshals during the last few months of 1902, and, on the whole, they have been fairly satisfactory. During the year 1,858 different buildings were inspected. Bad conditions were found to exist, owing to the accumulation of rubbish, not infrequently endangering much surrounding property. Another element of danger not so common lies in the use of barrels or boxes as receptacles for hot ashes. Where such conditions were found, notice was served on the parties at fault to remedy them. The State fire marshal says that the experience of the past years leads him to conclude that, the following change in the law would be advis able: “That it be amended to give local fire

marshals in incorporated cities authority which will enable them to order the removal of combustible and inflammable material, equal to the power now conferred on the State fire marshal.” Of the fires the causes of 318 were “unknown;” 172 were due to dc fective flues and chimneys; ninety-eight to lamp ae cidents; eighty-nine to sparks; sixty-six to gas and oil stoves; fifty-three to matches; fifty-one, incendiary; and others to a variety of causes. New Haven had the greatest number of fires, 226; Hartford at I Bridgeport, sixteen each; Waterbury, sixty nine; New Britain, forty-six; Ansonia. fourteen; Derby, twelve; New London, thirty-seven; Torrington, six teen; Danbury, fifty; Norwalk, thirty-seven; Nor wich, fifty-one; New Milford, forty-four; Vernon, twenty-two; Meriden, thirty; and East Hartford, fifteen.


The fire department of Houston, Tex., was in actual fire service 671 hours during 1902; it traveled 864 miles; used 3,644 feet of ladders; stretched 70,300 feet of hose. The department answered 300 alarms, some of which were second alarms ; one was general. There were no conflagrations. Below will be found a comparative statement of the fire alarms, losses, and number of men employed in the fire department for the past five years. It will be seen that for the year 1902 the alarms were more, and losses, less than any for the past five years. The number of men employed in 1898 was fifty-five; 1899, fifty-five; 1900, sixty; root, sixty-two; 1902, fifty-nine. The number of alarms during the years was 226. 259. 298, 279. and 300 respectively. The total damage by fire to buildings and contents during each of these five years was $157,383.35, $178,612.98. $239,277.50, $253,271, $62,147.45. T he following table of insurance statistics is one that was carefully compiled by Chief J P. Arto and his assistants, and can be relied upon as being as near correct as can be obtained. A great deal of these data and information was obtained direct from the local insurance agents and adjusters: Insurance on buildings where fire occured in 1902. $390,311; contents, $222,400—total amount of insurance carried, $612,711; valuation of property involved. $1.649,905—total damage to buildings and contents, $62,147.45. Chief Arto is to be congratulated on his report.


Winnipeg, Man., continues to grow in every way. During last year 849 building permits were granted, representing 1,000 buildings and alterations. To meet this growth the existing fire department, which, under Chief Engineer J. E. Buchanan, is a model in every respect, must be added to and equipment lie provided which shall in every way meet the new conditions of high buildings and the like. During 1902 no fire got away from the department, whose members worked 566 hours over and above fire duty, such as fire stations and apparatus repairs, etc. The firemen also inspected 700 places of btisi ness to see that everything was in order from a fire-protective point of view, as well as to familiarise them with the construction of the buildings. A drill school has been established, and the drill tower was maintained for six months in the year. It is thoroughly popular with the firemen, as it affords tne best of exercise, being the same in operation as that which would be encountered at the most of actual fires—thereby making it as practical a train ing school as possible. In connection with this school of instruction 3,793 feet of ladders were raised, and 19,200 feet of hose were laid for drain ing purposes, and it was very gratifying to note the benefits that tho men derived from this mode of exercise. With the many new business houses arising on all sides, whose roofs cover much costly ma terial, which is liable to be ruined by water during a fire—a liability which can be met by covering the contents with rubber sheets—a salvage corps has become a necessity, and one should, therefore, be organised and equipped at once. As likewise a su bttrban population is growing up round Winnipeg, it is obvious not only that for these new fire stations must be built, but also that these be efficiently manned and equipped, with hose wagons, chemical engines, steamers (where called for on account of the size of the water mains, distance from pumping station, and any emergency, such as the breaking of the main crossing the Assiniboine river), which could be taken to the fire cisterns and utilised there In consequence, also, of the number of new high buildings in the city, and its suburban growth ten dering it imperative that the lives of the citizens should he well protected, two good city trucks should be purchased, thereby preventing the one aerial truck from answering most of the alarms, as at present, as well as an additional hose wagon. More horses are needed (there are twenty-four in service at present), and these of a light and active class. 1 he department (which has entered on its twenty-first year as a paid department) answered .341 alarms in 1902 and worked 133 hours and fifty minutes. The value of the buildings and contents endangered bv fire was $1,286,470, carrying $606,395 insurance The loss was only $27,871,49, which speaks volumes for the efficiency of the department and the excellent training its members undergo at the hands of Chief Buchanan, and shows that their work was well and promptly dene.



The important question of fire protection at the coming World’s Fair at St. lands, has occupied the attention of those in charge for some time, and the selection of three steam fire engines of the American Fire Engine company’s make shows that their judgment is to provide the best for this important occasion. The Louisiana Purchase Exposition company has also entered into a contract with the American Fire Engine company for three Metropolitan engines of the latest improved design.