Causes of Fires in Texas Since 1910

Causes of Fires in Texas Since 1910

A bulletin issued by the State Fire Insurance Commission at Austin, Tex., on causes of fires states 44,000 fires in Texas since December 10, 1910, have been reported to the state Fire Marshal and have been classified as preventable and unpreventable. Of 20,274 fires in dwellings, apartment houses, boarding houses and private outhouses 14,035, or 69.2 per cent., are classed as preventable; 2,259, or 11.2 per cent, as unpreventable and 3,980, or 19.6 per cent, as unknown causes, and the bulletin calls attention that taking the proportion of preventable fires from unknown causes to be the same as far known causes, the ratio of preventable fires in the above class is 86.1 per cent. In mercantile, special hazards and other classes out of 23,726 fires 12,723, or 53.6 per cent, are classified as preventable; 4,583, or 19.3 per cent., as unpreventable and 6,420, or 27.1 per cent, as unknown causes. Figuring the proportion of preventable fires from unkown causes as the same as for known causes, the ratio of preventable fires in this class is 73.5 per cent. The causes of the fires in dwellings, apartments, etc., were as follows: Preventable: Flues, 3,075; exposures, 3,104; conflagrations, 255; stoves and heating, 1,878; kerosene lamps, 736; curtains, gas, 628; electric wiring, 736; ashes, candles, carelessness, 828; parlor matches, 754; gasolene and volatiles, 676; kerosene stoves, 430; fireworks, 71; burning grass and rubbish, 197; spontaneous combustion, 164; cigars and cigarettes, 268; electrical appliances, 235. Unpreventable: Sparks on roof, 981; incendiary, 446; lightning, 832. Unknown causes, 3,980. In mercantile, special hazards and other classes the causes were: Preventable: Exposures, 6,120; conflagrations, 653; cigars and cigarettes, 685; stoves and heating, 487; flues, 496; electric wiring, 1,039; gasolene and volatiles, 727; kerosene, 157; fireworks, 104; spontaneous combustion 400; parlor matches, 565; curtains, gas, 198; lights, miscellaneous, 425; burning grass and rubbish, 107; rubbish, 204; ashes and coals, 43; electrical appliances, 228; fuel oil, 20; kerosene stoves, 9; ashes, rubbish, carelessness, 56; incendiary, 996; sparks on roof, 250; lightning, 458; machinery, 342; boilers, 83; slab pits, shaving vaults, 43; aMtes, rubbish, carelessness, 56. Unpreventable: Incendiary, 996; sparks on roof, 250; lightning, 458; machinery, 342; boilers, 83; slab pits, shaving vaults, 43; dry kilns, 21; cotton fires, 1,354, dust explosions, 7; cotton gin fires, 1,029. Unknown causes 6,420. The greatest number of losses is given as follows: Dwellings: Owner, frame, II,331; tenant, frame, 7,280; owner, brick, 340; tenant, brick, 140. Dwellings: owner or tenant, 88; Total, 19,179. Mercantile buildings, brick, 5,268; mercantile contents, brick, 7,651; mercantile buildings and contents, frame, 2,961; totals. 15,880; special hazards and other classes, 8,941.

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