Cheap Pumping Service at Niagara Falls.

Cheap Pumping Service at Niagara Falls.

The city of Niagara Falls, N, Y., has accepted through its water commissioners the offer of the Niagara Falls Hydraulic Power and Manufacturing Company to supply electric current for the pumping station of the new waterworks system at $9 the horsepower for a term of 76 years.

In consideration of $9 power the city will sell the property in the lower milling district on which the municipal plant stands for $20,000 to the power company. The Niagara Falls Power Company offered to sell current to the city for the new pumping station for $20 the horsepower up to 800 horsepower.

number of fire companies and their suitable location. In all large cities and towns there are congested sections, with mercantile and manufacturing risks of very inflammable nature, which in case of fire gaining uncontrollable headway would menace the safety of buildings in a large area, severely taxing the fire protection service and equipment of a first-class fire department. These conditions are often found in small cities and towns and their outlying sections, where, owing to cheap-priced ground and a low tax rate, inducing large manufacturing interests to locate, in many instances there is but a single 4-inch or 6-inch diameter water main extending to these hazardous sections, affording an entirely inadequate supply and pressure of water for fire extinguishment.

As a general proposition, an engine or hose company should be within one-quarter to one-half mile of any part of the city requiring adequate fire protection. Separate chemical engine companies would appear unnecessary, as their work should be done by modern constructed combination chemical hose wagons operating as part of an engine company or a separate hose company. For every three or four engine or hose companies a ladder truck should be provided, and there should he enough such companies that one would be within one-half mile of any point of the city.

At least one, preferably a quick-raising aerial, should he in the mercantile district, and if a decided manufacturing district exists an aerial should be provided for service within one-quarter mile of it.

In the larger cities, or those having a high congestion of values, it is necessary that the downtown companies should be particularly strong and be provided with powerful large-size engines, combination chemical and hose wagons, double lines of first-class fire service hose, lad der hose pipes, turret pipes. Deluge sets, cellar pipes and other appliances are essential where serious fires are apt to occur and should be provided for every department, the amount of such equipment varying with the size of the departments.

Some 3-inch hose should be carried on all hose wagons, regardless of the size of the city. In the larger places it is needed for the lines leading to appliances for powerful streams, while in the smaller places the long lines of hose used make it of the most vital importance.

Of course, the amount and location of values in the city, as well as the character of the paving, steepness of grades, railroad and river crossings and other local conditions will affect the amount of apparatus, and generally should increase it. If some apparatus is located where it has a long and hard run to the business or congested value district, more companies should be located therein.

At least two-thirds of the entire department should be within third-alarm running distance.

Drills and Training.—The value of frequent, thorough drills is often underestimated by departments, which expect prompt and systematic action from men, who have received only haphazard instruction. Provision for keeping the men in good physical condition is often neglected.

Police Department.—This department is of more assistance to the fire department than would appear at first glance. Without well maintained police lines, the fire department may be hindered in its w-ork, and the presence of an alert patrol force on the streets at all hours is an assurance that but few fires will obtain headway before discovery. A considerable portion of all alarms is sent in by the police, especially during the night time.

Districts.—This subject deals with the subdivision of a city into fire districts, each under the charge of a deputy chief. Districts are further subdivided into battalions under command of battalion officers. Such subdivisions are necessary in the perfection of an organization.

Fire Alarm System.—The value of a fire alarm system is dependent upon contingencies as to its reliability under adverse conditions. It should possess up-to-date, modern improvements, proper installation, supervision by a competent electrician, ease of repair and freedom from accidental or designed interference. The largest credit allowance should apply to a system operated by electric current, with complete and divided metallic circuits in underground conduits.

The city acquired the property in the lower milling district for the pumping plant in 1876, paying $5,000 for it. The intent then was to take water from the river at a point just off the former residence of Peter A. Porter. For the right to use water from the Hydraulic canal with which to run its pumps the city paid C. B. Gaskill $250 a year.

Subsequently it was found expedient to take the water from the canal, and on September I, 1878, the trustees of the then village of Suspension Bridge entered into an agreement with Jacob Schoellkopf and A. M. ( hesebrough to place its intake there, getting water rights for a term of 99 years at a rental of $1,000 a year, and water power for the operation of the pumps at $10 a horsepower. Later, when the electric pumps were installed, a contract was made with the Hydraulic Power Company for electric current for $16 the horsepower.

It is proposed that the city shall pay $10 the horsepower for all electric current over 800 horsepower, except that there shall be no overcharge for extra service for the first five fires in a month, providing the period for such extra service does not exceed ten minutes.

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