Columbia System Overworked
A large section of the mains, nearly 600 feet, laid in Columbia, S. C., in 1852, must be relaid as it is impossible for it to stand the high pressure system. A pipe that burst the other day on account of being unable to withstand the pressure showed very little incrustation, but evident signs of extensive patching. The existing system is modern for the most part and progresses with the growth of the city. The old supply basin, which has recently been drained to make way for the coagulating basin now about to be built was installed about 1862. and was in use until 1878, when the city went to the river for its water supply. The water in the time of the old system was pumped by means of an old-fashioned walking-beam engine, which bears the date 1859, and had a capacity of 600,000 gallons in 24 hours. The present pumping system, including the steam auxiliary, handles 17,000,000 gallons in the same time.
In addition to adding 35 square miles to its fire limits, Chicago has created a Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety, whose head must he a chief of the fire department, “who shall not be engaged in any other business.” Associated with him will be a fire-prevention engineer, a fire prevention inspector in charge and whatever other assistants he may need. Third Assistant Fire Chief John C. McDonnell has been appointed head of the Bureau.