Conflagration-Hazard at Savannah.
A wellknown fire expert, writing with regard to the conflagration-hazard of Savannah. Ga., says that the congested district of the city is practically all brick, as is the territory south of it between West Broad, Charlton, Tatnall, Hall, Habersham, Taytor and Price, or, roughly, the territory between the congested district and the Park. There is considerable brick in the manufacturing and cotton warehouse districts; otherwise Savannah is a frame city. The Yamacraw district, west of West Broadway to the canal and north of the Georgia Central station, is compact, frame and largely occupied by negroes and cheap whites. This territory, continuous with the congested district and exposed by the large area frame wharf property and intervening specials, could easily be swept by fire and menace the congested-value district. The buildings are generally small and low, however. The entire river front within the city limits is practically devoted to warehouses, naval stores, lumberyards, freight sheds and manufactories, presenting an aggregation of hazards unique in this country and capable, under favoring circumstances, of wrecking the city. There are, however, breaks and open spaces which help to reduce the chances of a general fire. I11 connection with the above, attention is called to the single supply main from the pumping station; the absence of a reservoir; the unreliability of ground-water supplies; the inadequacy of the pumping capacity during periods of maximum consumption; the high per-capita consumption, which has the effect of reducing the reserve for lire purposes; the weak distribution system; the scarcity of gate valves -making it possible to disable long lines of water mains because of a single break; the poor type of hydrants and their wide spacing in the congested district; the presence of many private powder magazines, some being in the congested district; the proximity to the city proper of oil warehouses, and an inadequate fire-alarm system. To offset these are an efficient, though small fire department; low building heights and moderate areas except among the special hazards, and fre quent wide streets and parks.