On September 28 the Pacific Coast Fire Chiefs Association met in convention at Victoria, B. C., under the presidency of Chief Win. Metz, of Walla Walla, Wash. The chiefs were welcomed by Mayor Hall, who was introduced by Chief Watson, of Victoria. After routine business, mention was made by Chief McAlevy, of Tacoma, Wash., of the death of former Chief Ralph Cook, of Seattle, and by Chief Carlisle, of Vancouver, of former Chief Thomas Ackerman, of New Westminster, adjournment following out of respect to their memory.

At the evening session a paper by F. W. Fitzpatrick, of the International Society of State and Municipal Commissioners and Inspectors, dealing with tbe annual loss of life and property in the United States—the fires being chiefly in buildings. Chief W. C. Yoran, of England, Ore., read a paper, “When are small cities justified in changing from a volunteer to a partly paid fire department, and how should this be accomplished?’’ A paper by President Metz on the advantages of fire-doors, shutters and stops was then read.

On the second day a paper was read by Chief Aubrey A. Sumner, of Anacortes, Wash., on “Volunteer fire departments and firefighting.” “Cheap theatres” formed the subject of a paper by Chief David Campbell, of Portland, Ore., in which lie enlarged upon their dangers, especially those incidental to moving-picture shows. In the discussion which followed Chief Sumner said that, disregarding the assurance of the owners of such shows that they were utterly free from danger, lie had refused permission for their exhibitions in Anacortes.

At the afternoon session was read a paper by l ire Marshal Kellogg, of Seattle, on the building ordinances which should be provided for towns and small cities. During the discussion Fire Marshal Kellogg contended that powder should not be kept in stores between 7 o’clock p. m. and (> o’clock a. m. He also said that in Seattle lire alarm boxes are placed 50 ft. away from the theatres, and that till interference with the circuit was avoided by having the auxiliary firealarms, which were under the care of the city electrician, installed right upon the stage. He would have at least two exits in every theatre, besides a stage entrance. Chief Carlisle advocated the use of an inside fire-escape built up and bricked off in the interior of a theatre and hotel building a closed up stairway completely cut off from the rest of the building. In some hotels and wholesale houses such a stairway was not only partitioned off, but was, also, provided with metallic doors. In buildings, Fire Marshal Kellogg condemned the dangerous use of wood and the “helter-skelter fashion” of planning slops, and recommended State prison for those who employ such methods. Building laws should be rigid and their enforcement equally rigid. In answer to President Metz’s objection that small towns and villages could not afford concrete or steel frame buildings, Fire Marshal Kellogg said: “It would be better to have no buildings at all erected than have such buildings as may easily give rise to a conflagration, which will sweep away a whole town at a great loss the country, for no man has a right to build a house which may be a cause of injury to his neighbor.” To this idea “people must be educated uti,” anil, “if the proper precautions are taken, these most disgraceful features will disappear from our record, and we shall see no more of this sort of tiling.” In the next paper, “The practicability of automobile tire apparatus,” Chief Carlisle favored the style.

On the third day a paper by Secretary Brinahurst upon standard couplings was heard with approval, lie urged the adoption of those recommended by the National Board of Fire Underwriters. Another, upon the selection and care of fire horses, was the subject of considerable discussion. The new salt water mains to be installed in Victoria’s business section were described by City Electrician Hutchinson. He laid particular stress upon the duplicate set of mains which would be provided in the business section. The longest average pressure from the new reservoir will be about 65 lb., which would be sufficient for domestic purposes. Duplicate mains are absolutely necessary in the city, notwithstanding tbe fact that larger mains will be laid for domestic supply. In the business quarter, under the new system, TtS-lb. pressure per 1 sq. in. will be provided. The present consumption amounts to some 3,500,000 of gal. daily, and this quantity will be made available in any one block. Salt water will be used only in the event of extreme necessity, and no main less than 8m. will be laid, while fourteen standard fire streams, with a hydrant pressure of 125 lb., will at all times be possible. In the course of discussion, Chief G. O. Stryker, of Snohomish, stated that his mains are all 8-in., 10-in., a 12-in. and in the business section are laid two 10-in., one on each side of the five 300-ft. blocks. The system is gravity; the pressure at the pipe is from 25 to 35 lb. Sometimes, when the pressure is from 90 to 95 lb., he has not used an engine, for which some had censured him. Fire Marshal Kellogg said there was no need to use an engine under such conditions, “although it is always well to have this engine at all fires, to be employed should occasion arise. The only advantage that is to be gained by the use of the engine is due to the fact that the engine is provided with a relief-valve. With a delivery of 1 1/8, there should be a relief-valve at the hydrant.” Chief Watson added that “in a city possessing a water-pressure of 90 lb. and a sufficient supply of water, no need exists for tbe use of the steam engine, because, when any number of streanis can be supplied with that pressure, no advantage in the world is to be gained by using the steam engine, which cannot furnish more than three or four streams at this pressure of 90 lb.” President Metz^ was of the opinion that “whether or not the steam engine should be used depends entirely upon circumstances.” A paper on “Fire-Drill and fire-prevention in schools” by Chief Myers, of Spokane, Wash., was read, and in the discussion which followed stress was laid upon the fact that the danger-point in schoolhouses is in the basement, and it was recommeded that a State law should be passed to cover towns up to the fourth class and particularly those of the third and fourth classes, which should be placed under the control of the State inspector, while towns with 3,000 and 4,000 people should be authorised to make a special levy of from one to three mills on the dollar per annum for fire protection purposes.” C. E. Joslvn read a short and pertinent paper upon firealarms in relation to both fire departments and the public. A paper by Chief Kingsley, of Everett, Wash., was read. It dealt with the subject of extinguishing fires in basements and subbasements. The writer held that proper ordinances providing for the storage of goods and the affixing of nozzles formed the most important feature in the situation. Goods should not be stored closer than 3 ft. from ceilings, while, as a general rule, the gooseneck nozzle was the most suitable. The discussion brought out that at Calgary, Alberta, Chief Smart had invented a fire-scuttle, which, when it was placed in the floorings immediately above the basements, enabled such fires to be very easily and quickly handled, lie was informed from Winnipeg that their adoption in that city would lead to the reduction of 1 per cent in the rate of insurance.

The last day’s session was devoted to votes of thanks, in-memoriam notices, the election of officers and the selection of Seattle as the next place of meeting.

The officers elected for 1908-09 were as follows: President, Chief George McAlevy. Tacoma, Wash.; vicepresident. Chief McCann, Stockton. Cal.; State and Provincial vicepresidents. Chief Krauth, Alameda, Cal.. Chief Vaughan, Pendleton. Ore.. Chief Martenson, Lewiston, Idaho, Chief Jewell, Great Falls, Minn., Chief McKay. Kamloops, B. C, and Chief Meers, Red Deer, Alta.; secretary. Chief Harry W. Bringhurst. Seattle (re-elected); treasurer, Chief Myers, Spokane. Wash. The convention then adjourned sine die.


Michal McCann, Stocktown, Cal.: W. H. Ellis, Batin City, Ore.; W. W. Stores, Kelso, Wash.; I. E. Smith, Ladysmith. B. C.; Robt. McKay, Kamloops, B. C.: Ed. Martinson, Lewiston, Idaho; Aubrey A. Sumner. Anacortes, Wash.; Andrew Rruce, Hoquiam, Wash.: P. W. Morgan, Georgetown, Wash.; John Parkin, Nanaimo, R. C.: L. H. Fowler, Lethbridge, Alta.; P. Schuller. Ellensberg. Wash.: Adam Schneider, Aberdeen. Wash.: F. C. Miller. Centralia, Wash.: W. C. Huncks, Centralia, Wash.; D. Campbell, Portland, Ore.: H. E. Roberts, Seattle, Wash.: F. H. Kelly, Wallace, Idaho; W. J. Kingsley, Everett, H ash.; A. J. Long. Chehalis, Wash.: Frank Rowswcll, Centralia, Wash.; J. H. Carlisle, Vancouver, B. C.; Geo. McAlevy, Tacoma, Wash.; A. H. Myers, Spokane, Wash.; W. Metz, Walla Walla. Wash.; Thos. Watson, Victoria, B. C.; H. P. McDowell, Victoria, B. C.;H. W. Bringhurst, Seattle, Wash.; G. Kellogg, Seattle, Wash.; A. J. Pederson, Georgetown, Wash.; A. Strehlan, Seattle, Wash.; A. G. Long, Portland, Ore.; Fred A. Wood, Seattle, Wash.; C. E. Joslyn, Seattle, Wash.; J. L. Phillips, Seattle, Wash.; L. J. Tools, Portland, Ore.; H. P. Wand, Vancouver, B. C.; James E. Jewell, Great Falls, Mont.; J. Smart, Calgary, Alta.; W. J. Elliott, Seattle, Wash.; M. Fox, Baker City, Ore.; C. J. Warren, Arlington, Wash.; G. J. Stryker, Snohomish, Wash.; P. W. Culver, Raymond, Wash.; E. B. Raymond, Olympia. Wash.; C. A. O’Brien, Calgary, Alta.; F. D. McKcy, Calgary, Alta.; F. W. Carson, Calgary, Alta.; C. W. Thompson, Vancouver, B. C.; J. J. Cary, Centralia, Wash.; Chief A. Meers, Red Deer, Alta.; Chief James E. Jewell, Great Fall, Mont.; Chief H. E. Smith, Roslyn, Wash.; A. Reese, Cle Elum, Wash.; J. L. Vaughan, Pendleton, Ore., and M. Fox, Baker City, Ore.; Chief Aubrey A. Sumner, Anacortes.

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