Council Bluffs Water Works
Council Bluffs, Ia., with a population of 35,000, has an inexhaustible source of water supply in the Missouri River, from which the city is distant about three miles. The system used is direct pumping and pumping to reservoir. The high pressure plant is operated by a SnowCross compound 8,000,000-gallon pumping engine, installed in 1912, and a Platt triple expansion direct acting 8,000,000gallon pumping engine, installed in 1917. The low service plant has two 13,000,000-gallon Platt centrifugal pumping engines, motor-driven, and one 7,000,000gallon Worthington, steam-driven. The hill service plant, with 2,600,000 gallons capacity, is operated by a Platt centrifugal pumping engine, motor-driven. The Standpipe, 23×27, with capacity of 125,000 gallons, is of tank and tower construction, with seven sizes of pipe. It was built by the Memphis Steel Construction Company. The impounding reservoir, located 190 feet above the business center of the city, has a capacity of 4,500,000 gallons, and the distributing, 3 ½ miles from the center, holds 13,000,000. Four boilers are employed, 400 horsepower each, of the Scotch marine type, made by the Murray Iron Works. The sterilization system is liquid chlorine, and lime and alum are used as coagulants, The clear water basin has a capacity of 3,750,000 gallons. Sixty miles of cast iron and eleven miles of wrought iron mains, with 39 miles of lead and galvanized iron service pipe, are in use for the 6,900 taps required. Of these services, 6,130 are metered, the makes mostly Neptune, the others being Lambert, Worthington, Nash and Keystone. Of hydrants, the makers of the 466 installed being the Ludlow, the Iowa, Matthews, Galvin, Kennedy, and the Smith companies. Seven hundred and forty-one valves are in service, mostly of Ludlow make. The average domestic pressure at the station is 115 pounds, and for fire 140 pounds. There is a daily consumption of 3,400,000 gallons, with a per capita of 95 gallons. The plant is municipally ovened and has for superintendent S. L. Entyre. It is under the management of a board of trustees.