DAYTON, O., FIRE DEPARTMENT.
SINCE the fire department of Dayton, O., has been taken out of politics it has been improved in all its branches, especially in the skilful manner in which the firemen, under the intelligent mining of Chief D. C. Larkin and his able assistants Frank S. Ramby and George W. Kirby handle fires. Their operations sufficiently prove that “ effective firemen, like good soldiers, cannot be made in a day,” During 1895 the department received from appropriation $67,933.38, and disbursed $64,784.69, leaving an unexpended balance of $3,148.69. The number of alarms was 353—23 more than in 1894, the fires taking place as follows: In frame buildings, 170; stone and brick, 147; other than building fires, 36. The total loss was $50,943.71—on buildings, $2o.S 12.05; contents, $30,131.66. Total insurance $1,243 143. On buildings not covered by insurance, the loss was $3,612; on contents, $2,657—total, $6,269. Amount of insurance paid,$44,674.71. Value of buildings where fire occurred. $1,018,155;of contents, $1.219,320—total; $2,237,475. Insurance carried on buildings at risk, $570,257; on contents at risk, $672,886—total, $7,243,143. Damage to buildings, $20,812.5; to contents, $30,131.66—total, $50,943.71. Of the 353 alarms, 101 were to fires where the damage done amounted to less than $50,and from that up to, and inclusive of 2 fires, where the damage was above $5,000, the remainder ranged from $50 to $5,000. Since Chief I-arkin took charge of the Dayton fire department in 18S1, there have been 2,557 fires, making a loss in sixteen years of $784,030.51; the total insurance being $6,816,989. The total uniformed force, consists of chief engineer and secretary; first assistant chief engineer; second assistant chief engineer and assistant superintendent of fire alarm telegraph; 2 engineers; 5 captains; 2 stokers; iS drivers; 24 pipemen; 12 laddermcn; 4 substitutes—total, 70 uniformed men, with 6 call-men. The apparatus consists of 4 steam fire engines; 13 hose wagons; 1 Hayes extension ladder truck; 2 two-horse ladder trucks; 2 chemical engines; 2 telegraph wagons; 3 buggies, one horse-hose wagon—2 steam fire engines, and 1 twohorse ladder truck of the above are held as reserve apparatus. The fire alarm telegraph consists of 91 miles of wire on poles; 1 IO-circuit non-interfering repeater; 118 fire alarm boxes, of which 40 have Tooker doors; 1 large bell-striker; 17 electrical gongs; 3 small gongs; and 378 battery cells. The total value of the fire alarm system is $33,000. I he department has 32 horses and requires 30 to move the apparatus. The water supply was equal to all the demands made upon it by the fire department in 1895. It was greatly improved by the addition of 84 independent nozzle-gate fire hydrants and 10 miles of water mains, making the total number of fire hydrants 937, and the total mileage of mains 97. In the business centre of the city there are 8 fire cisterns, each holding 350 barrels of water, and water can likewise be supplied by the canals and hydraulics which pass through the streets of the city. The department has 12 engine and truck houses (illustrated in this number oflikii AND WATER), of which q were thoroughly painted last year by members of the department under the supervision of Charles Wagner—representing a saving of 706.75 to the city. The chief’s buggy, the supply wagon, and the fire hats were likewise painted under the same supervision.
In his report Chief Larkin records his warm appreciation of the city board of fire commissioners Messrs. E. F. l’ryor, (president), A. C. Nixon, M. A. Nipgcn, and Charles H. Ware, whose portraits,with that of Chief Larkin, who is also secretary of the board, accompany this notice. Under these gentlemen the fire department of Dayton seems thoroughly well administered, and, when the various recommendations of the chief are carried out, the fire protection of the place should be second to none in any city of the same size in the United States.