DECEMBER MEETING OF NEW YORK SECTION AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION

DECEMBER MEETING OF NEW YORK SECTION AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION

(Special Report to FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING.)

The December meeting of the American Water Works Association, New York Section, was held at the Hotel McAlpin, New York, on December 20. W. W. Brush of the Department of Water Supply, Gas and Electricity, New York, presided. After luncheon, a short discussion on meterage was held. D. W. French, chief engineer of the Hackensack Water Company, described briefly the meter system of that company. All meters after registering a certain amount of water are removed and brought to the repair shop for test. Results showed that the majority of meters after serving for a period of considerable length registered from 1 to 2 per cent against the water company. Meters are read quarterly, and sufficient time is permitted for the reading so that the bills will reach the consumers on the first day of the month. The system is divided into districts, and the returns from each district indicate the efficiency of the chief collector for that district. In the Hackensack Water Company’s system, 74 per cent of water entering the system is accounted for by meters. Mr. French pointed out that the success of meterage in his case was the result of uniform attention to all meters. Among those who discussed Mr. French’s topic were Mr. W. W. Brush, Mr. Allen Hazon, a and others. Following the discussion on Mr. French’s paper, Mr. W. R. Edwards, superintendent of the meter department, Passaic Water Co., spoke on meter practices in his system.

After the meeting the delegates formed into three groups, one going to each of the Thomson Meter Co., Neptune Meter Co., and National Meter Co. plants.

National Meter Company Plant.

The group visiting the National Meter Company plant at Brooklyn were escorted by Mr. Morris of that company. They were shown through this large meter factory, and the various steps in the manufacture of high class meters pointed out. The main structure, four stories in height, and running almost an entire block was completely filled with meter-making machinery. The various machines were so arranged that work all moved in one direction, eliminating shifting of components back and forward, thereby eliminating lost motion and making for efficiency. The delegates were impressed with the accuracy of the machine work and the uniform care shown in all stages of manufacture. In the brass foundry, too, the use of the most improved machinery made for efficiency.

Thomson Meter Company.

Mr. J. L. Atwell acted as guide for the party visiting the Thomson Meter Company, of Brooklyn, manufacturers of the Lambert meter. The new factory of this company is a model, both from the standpoint of manufacturing convenience and working conditions. It is a block in length and four stories in height. Built in 1909, the very latest ideas in factory construction were employed. The visitors were much impressed with the excellent light and air throughout the building, and particularly the light which is so essential to accurate machine work. At the present time approximately 125 men are employed, and the meter caoacity is over 75,000 Lambert meters per year. Up to date in excess of 860,000 meters have been made by this concern. S. D. Higley, secretary of the company, stated that indications pointed to a banner year for meters in 1919.

Neptune Meter Company.

The delegates who visited the Neptune Meter Company’s large plant at Jackson avenue and Crane street, Long Island City, in Queens Borough, New York City, were accompanied by D. B. McCarthy and J. E. McKay of the company, and were received by Factory Manager A. B. Ricketts. They were shown over the extensive and well appointed plant, which consists of a group of buildings covering practically a square block. Besides the new five-story building there are a three-story and a two-story building and large and notably well equipped foundry and carpenter shops, stock buildings, etc., including a number of one-story structures. The delegates were shown through department after department, spending considerable time and giving particular attention to the company’s stationary testing department, a spacious section of the basement, where tests of many different kinds are made for different types of meters. This department is one of the features of the Neptune plant and business is indicated by the fact that there are about 1,400 employees at the plant and the meter manufacturing capacity of the establishment is about 130,000 meters per year. To date this sucessful and widely known company has manufactured 1,730,000 meters. The meters produced by the company include the Trident Disc, the Trident Crest, the Trident Compound, and the Trident Protectus, and another notable product of the company is a portable test meter. This is a master unit of the disk type and with its aid a man may make more tests in a day than two men with a horse and wagon could make in a week under the old method of cutting out the meter and taking it to a shop for a bench test. This instrument enables water works officials to obtain quick and accurate tests of meters without removing them from the line. The Trident disk meter is made in two models for residence services; for cold climates there is the breakable bottom meter and for warm localities the split case style. For larger volumes there is the Style Three, made in sizes from an inch and a half to six inches. For the largest volumes, factory and other large services, there is the Trident Crest, made in four types, two of the smaller being made with special housings for water carts and standpipe services while the larger sizes are made in a regular type and a high duty type for especially severe usage. A meter designed for services where the demand varies is the Trident Compound, measuring small flows as well as large ones. For the largest and most important services, such as fire lines, the Trident Protectus is provided, designed to meet the requirements of a device that will measure not only the large flows, but also the small ones that may indicate waste or illegal use, and at the same time offer no impediment to the high flows needed for fire protection.

Attendance at Luncheon and Meeting.

The members and guests present at the meeting and luncheon were as follows:

Atwell, J. L.

Atwell, j. C.

Ankener, R.

Anderson, J. F.

Arnold, V. E.

Aspell, C.

Bedell, J.

Brush, W. W.

Bleistein, B. J.

Baker, M. N.

Bacon, E.

Broqks, C. E.

Brooks, J. E.

Bettes, C. R.

Beck, F. S.

Barrett, J. S.

Corbin, C. K.

“on row, R. W.

Cook, John H.

Cole, B. W.

Case, E. D.

Cleveland, Mr.

Coho, Mr.

Cleverdon, W.

Connery, S. J.

Cetti, W. S.

Cunningham, J. T.

Donaldson, C.

Durland, S. H., and guest of Mr. Durland.

Ernst, L.

Edwards, W. R.

Folwell, P.

French, D. W.

Feltt, Wm. H.

Fatournette, Mr.

Ghetti, L. G.

Henry, E. W.

Hazen, A.

Hansen, A. E.

Guest of Mr. Hansen.

Hauks, O. P.

Hodgman, B. B.

Kennard, Mr.

Keogh, Wm.

Kaponstine, T. N.

King, F. S.

Little, B. C.

Lobo, C.

Laase, W. F.

Luckett, W. H.

Luce, F. H.

Langthorn, J.

Lott, E. H., and guest of Mr.

Lott.

McCarthy, D. B.

McKay, Mr.

McKay, J. E.

Metcalf, J. T.

Munday, A.

Norris, J. H.

Nelson, F. B.

O’Neill, C. F.

Purdie, Mr.

Phippen, H.

Rowe, I. A.

Ross, William

Riettan, Mr.

Reimer, A. A.

Sands, H. B.

Sands, C. G.

Shepperd, F.

Sylvester, Mr.

Sherrerd, M. R.

Smith, J. R., and guest of Mr. Nelson.

Stevens, H. C., and two guests.

Shire, E. R.

Townley, D. H.

Trowbridge, Mr.

Van Gilder, L.

Vrooman, Mr.

Watson, F. M.

Wegman, E.

Wills, Mr.

Warde, J. S. W.

Yeager, S. J.

New rates have been adopted in Middletown, O., as follows: $1.35 per cubic foot for from 1,000 to 5,000; $1.10 per cubic foot for from 5,000 to 10,000; 70c per cubic foot for all over 10,000 cubic feet. A discount of 10 per cent will be allowed for all bills paid before the 20th of the month. The water works records show the consumers may be divided as follows: Those using 1,000 cubic feet, 1,406; 2,000 cubic feet, 624; 3,009 cubic feet, 184; 5,000 cubic feet, 82; 6,000 cubic feet, 63; 7,000 cubic feet, 39; 8,000 cubic feet. 32; 9,000 cubic feet, 13, and over 10,000 cubic feet, 159.

December Meeting of New York Section American Water Works Association

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December Meeting of New York Section American Water Works Association

The second meeting this season of the New York section of the American Water Works Association was held at the Park Avenue hotel, New York, last Wednesday. The subject discussed was water supply and sewerage works at cantonments. The first speaker was Mr. George W. Fuller, who described the preliminary work of getting the construction of these army camps under way. Mr. Fuller and Mr. Leonard Metcalf were in charge of the water supply and sewerage plans of the camps.

When war was declared the Government was in no position to take care of a new army, nor would it be for at least ten weeks. The civilian engineers, who volunteered immediately upon declaration of war to aid in preparation of plans for the cantonments, estimated it would require thirty-six army camps to house the first army. These engineers were formed into a unit under the Council of National Defense. On May 17 the first work of these engineers regarding the layout and equipment of camps started. Every movement was along lines for construction of the cantonments, even though Congress was still debating a bill authorizing the appropriation of funds therefor. At the end of May, while Congress was still debating, the engineering department was fully organized. It is estimated that to construct thirty-six army camps the cost would total $192,000,000. This figure was based on the approximate cost of building the National Guard camps at the Mexican border in 1916. No allowance was made in the estimate for labor, which, in the case of the Mexican camps, was largely supplied from the army force.

The final plans called for the building of sixteen National Army camps to house 650,000 men, and the National Guard was to be trained in the South and to live in tents. One special type of camp is located at Tenafly, N. J., and is known as Camp Merritt. It is an embarkation camp, where troops are to come from all sections of the country and stop before being shipped abroad. In this type of camp the population will, of course, be variable, for men will be coming at all times and leaving at all times.

The training camps are located geographically, that is, the country is divided into separate sections having equal populations, and the camps are located as near as possible to the centers of population.

The Government called upon engineers in various lines to consider the plans of the army camps. Prominent technical men responded from all over the country and came together at their own expense. While there was practically no organized data on hand at the start, these men coming together prepared data which was invaluable in the work to follow. For instance, construction materials, water supply, sewerage. At this time the engineers made a further study of tentative plans. Contractors came to Washington in large numbers, but competitive bidding on this camp work was not feasible. The estimated cost of sixteen cantonments, according to plans, was $134,000,000, and managements called for giving the contractors about 3 per cent, of the cost of their work. However, in most of the cases the contractors’ profit was 2 per cent, or less. A large amount of capital was required for the contractors to secure lumber and other materials and also to provide for the payment of the workmen.

In letting the contracts the financial and businesss ability were considered first. The rate of construction was almost beyond belief, for by September 4 cantonments were furnished to accommodate over 300,000 soldiers, while on December 5 650,000 could be accommodated. The work cost more than estimated, due to materials, labor, transportation, etc. A few figures showing the quantities of materials used may be of interest: 800,000,000 feet of lumber were required; the area of the cantonments aggregated 261 square miles; 175,000 doors were used; 314,000 barrels of cement were required; 3,550 hydrants for fire protection were installed and 75 miles of fire hose purchased. The total cost of the camps was actually $187,000,000. During the construction one battalion of soldiers guarded each cantonment. The author, as a final word, stated that where speed was required it was absolutely necessary to do away with “red tape,” as was shown by the remarkable performance in the construction of the cantonments.

Nicholas S. Hill added to the description of Camp Merritt. He described it as a storage reservoir for human soldiers. The soldiers came from all parts of the country and were stored there temporarily, while transports were being loaded to go abroad. The general construction of this camp was very much the same as that of other camps. The chief features of local design of this plan included the water supply and sewerage disposal systems, due to the typographical layout of the camp. The question of water supply was very much simplified by the fact that the chief feeder main of the Hackensack Water Company passed within 3,600 feet of the camp. The supply was, of course, taken from the Hackensack Water Company. Two parallel lines, each 12 inches in diameter and 360,000 feet in length, were laid. They are of cast iron and are the property of the Hackensack Water Company. The mains in this cantonment are of wood, but cast iron specials are used. The service connections are made with ordinary corporation cocks, with a special thread. The joints in the pipe lines are made and poured the same as in the case of cast iron pipe; that is, where the joints are to be made between wood and cast iron. In this camp 30,000 feet of wood stave pipe and, all together, about 84,000 feet of trench, including trenches for service pipes, were made. The specials are of galvanized wrought iron.

The rapidity with which the water system was put in is shown by the fact tliat in one day 4,200 feet of pipe was laid. All of the pipe laid was covered to a depth of 3½ feet, even the service pipes. The water system was completed in five months.

W. R. Conard, consulting engineer, spoke on the water supply of Camp Dix. In this camp, somewhere around 85,000 feet of trenches were dug. The rapidity with which the pipe was put in at Camp Dix figures out about the same as that at Camp Merritt—some days 1,000 feet were laid and other days 5,000 feet. One day 6,000 feet all told were put in. The bulk of trenching was done by machine, and the average depth of trench was 4 feet. The leakage for the wood pipe was comparatively small, and where leaks developed they were closed by driving wedges into the pipe itself. Joints between the pipe and cast iron fittings were made by use of Leadite, and where any leaks developed, the joints under pressure were closed by use of wedges. Only a few sections were taken out after laying, due to leaks. Considerable damage, however, was done to the pipe in transportation. Whenever possible, damaged pipe was repaired in the same manner as leaky pipe. When repairs were to be made on joints under pressure, Lead Wool was used, and in every case the joints were then satisfactory.

Fire protection at Camp Dix is the same as in other cantonments. There are motor-driven fire apparatus and individual hose reels stationed at various points around the camp. The point from the pumping station to where the line enters the camp is about 17,000 feet. All of the feeder lines are of cast iron. Where leadite is used or wood joints, no charring occurs.

Those who discussed Mr. Conard’s speech included J. M. Diven, J. Waldo Smith, Allen Hazen and Nicholas S. Hill.

Mr. Wells, resident engineer at Camp Merritt, spoke briefly of features of the camp. He mentioned that the fire protection was unusually good. Six-inch cast iron mains are laid throughout the principal portions of the camp. These 6-inch lines connect up with leaders from the Hackensack Water Company’s mains. Fifty-gallon barrels were placed at the corners of each of the buildings during their course of erection. Up to the present time there has been but one fire in the camp, and this was a pre-arranged affair. It was found necessary to remove a couple of old buildings, and the major in charge decided it would be cheapest to burn them. He, therefore, set the buildings afire late at night. So rapid was the response of the department that the fire was out before it hail a chance to make any headway. However, the incident almost proved disastrous, for all through the camps were sewer trenches wide open, and the people rushing from the adjacent towns in the dark to see the fire fell headlong into the excavations.

Those Who Were Present.

The names of members and guests in attendance at the meeting are as follows; C. K. Corbin, Mr. Cole (Maritoma Paving & Cond. Co.; C. G. Sands, G. R. M. Wilcox, W. Haff. J. W. McKay, J. M. Diven, T. F. Flinn, F. L. Rector, J. T. Metcalf, C. Lobo. B. J. Bleistein, T. C. Culver, E. W. Jacobs, T. Manning, H. C. Stevens, C. R. Bettes, F. Sheppcrd (FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING), H. B. Machen, A. Hazen, W. R. Conard, Mr. Donaldson, Ambrose Mundv, G. A. Johnson, A. W. Cuddeback, W. H. Van Winkle, Jr., John R. Downes, C. F. Brcitzke, W. C. Sherwood, A. R. Murphy, A. P. Folwell, S. M. Durland, H. P. Stearns. B. B. Hodgman, F. H. Luce, E. W. Henry, J, R. McClintock, L. P. Anderson, J. K. Giesey, S. F. Furgerson, Rudolph Hering, W. Molan, G. E. Rodman, W. F. Laase, A. F. Kirstein, G. W. McKay, Jr., Wm. Ross, W. J. Orchard, M. Sanborn, R. C. Williams, M. N. Baker, G. W. Fuller, W. W. Brush, G. R. Spalding, J. W. Smith, A. M. S. Johnstone, L. C. Ghetti (Guest A. W. W. Assoc.).