Dr. Price Tells New England Chiefs About Texas School Explosion
Conclusion of Report of Proceedings at the Fifteenth Annual Convention at Dixville Notch, N. H., June 22 to 24
FOLLOWING is the conclusion of the report of the fifteenth annual convention, New England Association of Fire Chiefs, which was held at The Balsams, Dixville Notch, N. H., on June 22 to 24. The first part of the report appeared commencing on page 334 of the last issue.
President Stockwell was in charge of the Wednesday morning session of the convention. The first speaker on the program was A. C. Hudson, Secretary of the New Hampshire Board of Fire Underwriters, who read a paper on “Cooperation Between the Fire Department and the Fire Insurance Underwriters.” He explained the functions of the New Hampshire Board and said that in 1936 there were 8,824 inspections made and 216,000 forms of insurance policies were reviewed. The duties of the board include the fixing of rates and the supervision of automatic sprinkler installations. He said that schools and churches constitute a problem and pointed out the large number of high school buildings destroyed by fire in Massachusetts in recent years. He said the removal of old and dilapidated buildings was an important aid in fire prevention. In closing he offered to co-operate fully with the New Hampshire Chiefs. Upon motion by Chief Randlette, the speaker was given a vote of thanks for his paper.
Hutson Speaks on Development of Fire Protection
The second speaker was A. C. Hutson, Engineer of the National Board of Fire Underwriters. He reviewed the history of the development of modern fire protection. He pointed out the problems of fire fighting in small towns, where the departments are composed of volunteers and drills and tournaments must be held in order to keep the men interested as in communities of 2,000 population there are usually not more than 10 actual fires per year. He told of district fire units to protect suburban areas outside of town lines.
Fire prevention inspections and proper building regulations are great aids in keeping down the fire loss, Mr. Hutson said.
“One of the greatest detriments to a volunteer department is the rotation of chief officers. A chief hardly gets to know his job before he is replaced. A good man should be kept on the job permanently,” said the speaker.
Mr. Hutson told of the influence of automobiles on the fire service and said that motor apparatus had made communities within a radius of 50 miles neighbors in the matter of fire protection. He said the adoption of the twoplatoon system had made the firemen’s work more attractive to a higher class of recruits. It is now possible to select better men, he said. There should be enough apparatus on hand in reserve to provide equipment that could be handled by the off platoon as an extra force in an emergency.
He described the work of the National Board of Fire Underwriters. He said drills and training for firemen are important and that there were no drill schools 30 years ago.
At this point Ex-Chief Peter E. Walsh, of the Boston Fire Department, interrupted to say that Boston had a drill school 50 years ago.
“An open stairway in the center of a house is a chimney without bricks’’’ Mr. Hutson said. Among the new devices adopted by Fire Departments within recent years he mentioned flood lights, siohons, spray nozzles, portable monitor nozzles, and pneumatic drills and air compressors, also ventilating fans or “smoke ejectors.”
“Civil service has made the firemen study for promotion and has made the officers study, in order to keep ahead of the privates” Mr. Hutson said.
Chief F. R. Gisborne, of Old Greenwich. Conn., stated that insurance companies encourage arson by their manner of accepting policies without inspecting the goods insured and by “over insuring.” Fie said that the adjusters “are playing Santa Claus all the time.” He told of a fire in a single room containing only five pieces of furniture, on which an adjuster allowed a claim for a loss of $2,600.
Boston Fire Drill Methods
Chief Samuel J. Pope, of the Boston Fire Department, described the drill methods of the Boston Fire Department at the drill school and in the weekly company drills. He said daily drills are held by each company and every three months the Deputy Chiefs drill all companies in their divisions. He said there are four drill towers in Boston and the drill master, Captain John J. Crehan, is a competent and experienced official who is head of the Massachusetts Drillmaster’s Association. Chief Pope described the course in the Boston Fire College and said there are 60 men in the fire prevention division of the department.
Chief Selden R. Allen, of Brookline, Mass., said that the insurance interests should “clean out their own nest before criticizing the Fire Departments.” He said that some insurance agents will insure anything if the price offered is high enough. He told of several instances of arson due to over-insurance. He said that if it were as hard to get fire insurance as it is to get life insurance conditions would be much better. The Chief also criticized the “hop and jump” covering system of moving fire apparatus on multiple alarms which he said the National Board had recommended for Boston and some other cities.
A vote of thanks was given Mr. Hutson for his address.
President Bogan on I. A. F. C.
The next speaker was Chief Robert A. Bogan, of Baton Rouge, La., President of the International Association of Fire Chiefs. He told of the aims and plans of the International and outlined the program for the convention to be held in October in Oklahoma City.
Discussion was held on standard drill evolutions and on the hazards of butane gas.
Success of Talk-Alarm System
Chief Thomas F. Burns, of Bridgeport. Conn., was then introduced and told of the success of the Talk-Alarm System which has been installed in his city. He said all gongs have been removed and eleven fire houses have been equipped with the Talk-Alarm sirens and voice amplifying devices.
In discussion of the subject Mr. Hutson stated that the National Board has no objection to the transmitting of alarms by voice, if this transmission is made as dependable as the ordinary fire alarm circuits. Supervision is needed, he pointed out. He also said that voice transmission is recognized as the poorest form of communication and many persons would not be qualified to make use of it. He said the telephone company has to carefully select and train its operators. He suggested that the alarm be given in three ways, by street number, street intersection, and fire alarm box number and that the vocal alarm be checked by register and tape.
Alfred A. Robinson, of The Talkalarm Company, of Bridgeport, Conn., was then introduced. He said that the Talkalarm system is a general despatched broadcast to give quick and concise information to all stations. He gave a detailed description of the apparatus and a demonstration of its operation.
Woman Fire Chief Speaks
The first speaker at the Wednesday afternoon session was Chief Anne Crawford Allen, of the Cedar Hill Fire Department, Cowesett, R. I., on “The Airplane Angle of Fire Fighting.”
Miss Allen, the only woman Fire Chief in the New England States, who is also a forest fire warden in Kent County, R. I., told of her use of an airplane for forest fire patrol and for scouting large woods fires to ascertain their extent and to see what natural barriers such as streams or fields might aid in checking their extent.
The location of old woods roads or trails that might be used for passage of apparatus and men can be readily seen from the air and the use of an airplane makes for the more intelligent handling of forest fires.
The Airplane in Fire Fighting
The paper read by Miss Allen was in part as follows:
“That airplanes will be a recognized piece of Fire Department equipment in the future is a statement that anybody can make safely at the present time. However, their use now is purely experimental. So far as I know only one volunteer Fire Department and no permanent Fire Department In the United States can boast of the ownership of the airplane. There are many Chiefs and departments that utilize the services of airplanes upon occasion. But only the Cedar Hill Volunteer Fire Department, of which I am the Chief, can actually state that an airplane is listed as a piece of department owned apparatus. The service it can render is of such outstanding value that the limitation can be readily put up with.
“First and foremost is providing observation service to the Chief or Forest Warden in charge of a large forest fire. From a plane flying at an altitude as low as 500 feet an area of 50 square miles can be surveyed with ease. All roads and paths that might be used in fire fighting and all ponds and other sources of water supply can be seen. The nature of the woods involved in the fire and the kind of timber that lies in its path can be noted, so that the Chief will have a clear and accurate picture of the entire situation.
“Other uses of the airplane are in preparation of photographic maps of suburban areas and in the locating of bodies of drowning victims. Airplanes have also been used in assisting in the capture of escaped convicts and in dropping tear gas bombs to control riots.
“I shall not attempt to predict what the Fire Department airplanes of the future will look like. That they will be real fire-fighting machines I feel sure. But whether they utilize machine-guntike nozzles to project fire-fighting gases into the heart of the roaring fire or whether they will be equipped like giant sound trucks with loud speakers capable of emitting tone signals on the wave length that the fire Is burning on, that is too much to say. But I do say that in the not too distant future I feel confident we shall see small, low powered planes being used as regular pieces of Fire Department apparatus in the more rural fire districts, where observance of large areas is an absolute necessity and where first aid or other emergency equipment could he taken quickly by air to a flooded district.”
A rising vote of thanks was given the speaker.
Hazards of Dust Explosions
The second speaker was Dr. David J. Price, Principal Engineer in Charge, Chemical Engineering Research Division, United States Department of Agriculture. He described the hazards of dust explosions and showed the cap and sweater worn by Chief Burnett, of Des Moines, when the latter was killed in an explosion. “If the Chief had been properly attired in helmet and rubber coat he might not have been killed” the doctor said. He told of fires caused by water such as spontaneous ignition of damp hay.
Dr. Price told the New England Chiefs that the cause of the explosion in the New London, Tex., schoolhouse on March 18 has been definitely determined, and that steps should be taken to prevent similar occurrences in schoolhouses and other public buildings.
Dr. Price was assigned by Secretary Wallace to direct the investigation of the explosion at the request of Governor James V. Allred of Texas. He cooperated with the Texas State Military Court of Inquiry and the final report of his investigation was presented to the U. S. Senate by Senator Tom Connally of Texas and recently published as Senate Document 56.
In his report Dr. Price stated that the cause of the explosion was the ignition of combustible natural gas that had accumulated in the large open, unoccupied area under the first floor of the building, where many of the classrooms were located, by a flash from an electric switch in connection with the operation of a portable sanding machine in the manual training shop. This explosion, which occurred at a time when practically all the classrooms on the floor above were occupied, lifted the floor, blew out the walls, causing the roof to collapse, and resulted in the death of approximately 300 pupils and teachers.
Dr. Price called the attention of the Chiefs to other explosions and fires in public buildings and meeting places where there had been large losses of life. A total of 5,678 lives were lost in the more than 70 tragedies to which he referred. The largest life loss was on the excursion steamer, General Slocum, in New York City on June 15, 1904, when 1,030 people died. In the Iroquois Theater fire in Chicago on December 30, 1903, 603 lives were lost.
Experience in Investigation of Texas School Explosion
Dr. Price told the Chiefs of an unusual experience he had during the investigation of the Texas school explosion. While examining the ruins for evidence that might have a hearing on the cause of the explosion, a science book entitled, “Chemistry for Today,” apparently owned by one of the high school pupils killed by the explosion, was picked up by Dr. Price from the floor of the manual training shop and found open at page 367, section 476 entitled. “Explosions and Explosive Mixtures.” This section ironically read as follows:
”We often read of some disastrous explosion caused by the escape of fuel gas in a house. It is of interest to Inquire into the cause of explosions and to learn the reason for their terrific power. An explosion is due to a sudden chemical reaction in Which the volume of gases formed in the reaction is much larger than that of the reacting substances; hence if the reacting substances are confined. as in a room or house, something must give way.”
The firemen were very much interested when Dr. Price showed them the pages of the hook stained with blood and many of them sticking together. He said this was indeed a most unusual experience to have in the investigation of a violent explosion.
Recommendations for Prevention of Similar Occurrences
Dr. Price said he hoped that the Texas schoolhouse explosion, in which so many hoys and girls were killed, would not be just an “historical occurrence,” but that the Fire Departments throughout the country and every other agency would do all in their power to make school buildings safe for boys and girls in every part of the United States.
In closing his address, Dr. Price asked the Chiefs on returning to their home towns to take steps to have all school buildings properly inspected to make certain that all combustible and explosive materials are removed from unoccupied storage spaces underneath or adjoining classrooms where pupils are required to assemble. He said it is only in this way that our boys and girls can be assured of adequate safety in school buildings.
A rising vote of thanks was given Dr. Price for his address. In the discussion that followed Ex-Chief Peter E. Walsh, of Boston; Chief Robert A. Bogan, of Baton Rouge, La.; Chief Richard A. Magee, of Truro, Mass., and Chief William A. Blair, of Nantucket, Mass., spoke briefly. Hazards of soy bean products and hexane gas explosions were discussed.
Chief Blair told of a fire in Nantucket where carbon tetrachloride was used on a fire after foam had been employed to partially extinguish it and a violent explosion took place. The fire in question was burning tar.
Telegrams of greetings were read by Secretary O’Hearn from Fire Commissioner George W. Good, of Brookline, Mass., and from Commissioner Paul Kirk, of the Massachusetts Department of Public Safety.
The last sneaker on the program was Stephen C. Garrity, State Fire Marshal of Massachusetts. He thanked the Chiefs for their co-operation and said that a survey had been made of all the emergency Fire Department equipment in Massachusetts and an index made of it, so that any desired item could he quickly located and obtained from the source nearest to the emergency. The marshal concluded his talk by saying that the day of constant inspection and investigation is here and that Fire Provenlion Week is now observed every week in the year.
No Set Speeches at Banquet
The annual convention banquet was held on Wednesday evening, June 23. Chief Allen acted as toastmaster, but there were no formal or set speeches. Chief George L. Johnson. Waltham, Mass., and Chief Daniel B. Tierney, Arlington, Mass., Hirst Vice-President of the International, were called upon for a few remarks. Others at the head table either took a bow or spoke briefly. Chief Bogan was presented with a baby’s bonnet, a gift for his baby daughter from Chief and Mrs. Tierney. Charles “Sandy” Chapman led in the singing of popular songs and old time favorite melodies. Captain Frank Doudera. the owner and manager of The Balsams, was called upon for a few remarks and received hearty applause.
Committee Reports at Final Session
The final session of the convention took place on Thursday morning when reports were received and officers elected for the ensiling year. Vice-President Randlette opened the meeting and Secretary O’Hearn read the minutes of directors’ meetings held during the year. He then gave his annual report which showed a total membership of 794.
Chief William C. Mahoney, of Peabody, Mass., reported for the Auditing Committee, and Chief Albert C. Mclendy, of Nashua, N. H., reported for the Exhibit Committee
The report of the Registration Committee, which was headed by Chief Oliver T. Sanborn, of Portland, Me., showed a total attendance at the convention of 523, including 178 active members. 105 associate members. 110 men guests, and 130 lady guests. Fortyone new members were received into the
Chief Allen reported for the Committee on Courtesies. Letters of invitation for next year’s convention were read from the Poland Springs House, Poland Springs, Me.; the Mayor of Burlington, Vt.. and from the Mayor and Chamber of Commerce in Providence, R. 1., and from the Providence Biltmore Hotel. It was voted to refer the matter to the officers and Board of Directors.
Election of Officers
President Stockwell took the Chair for the election of officers which concluded the business of the convention. A past president’s badge was presented to Chief Stockwell and he was also given a gill of a handsome traveling bag.
The new officers are;
The new officers are:
Chief Joseph W. Randlette. Richmond, Me., President; Chief Thomas F. Burns, Bridgeport, Conn., First Vice-President; Chief Samuel J. Pope. Boston, Mass., Second Vice-President; Chief John W. O’Hearn, Watertown. Mass., SecretaryTreasurer; Chief William T. Happny, Concord, N. 11., Sergeant-at-Arms; and Harry Kelknap, Boston, Mass., Press Representative.
The following were named State VicePresidents:
Chief Sanborn. Portland, Me.; Chief French, Manchester, N’. H.; Chief Koltonskl, Rutland. Vt.; Chief Mahoney Peabody, Mass.; Chief Cote. Woonsocket, R. I., and Chief Lawton, Middletown. Conn. Chief O’Hearn was elected director for New England in the International Association.
The badges for the convention were presented through the courtesy of the New Hampshire Fire Insurance Company, Manchester, N. H. Copies of the Boston Herald were distributed by the American-LaFrance and Foamite Industries, Inc. Miniature fire hat pins were given by the C. G. Braxmar Company, badge makers.
Mrs. Mildred Hart acted as official stenographer. The exhibits were held in the garage in the rear of the administration building of the hotel.
The demonstrations were held on Wednesday afternoon and featured the Griswold fog nozzles, Eastman deluge guns, and a Gorham portable forest fire pumping unit.
A detailed description of the exhibits and demonstrations follows:
Description of the Exhibits
Six pieces of motor apparatus and a large display of fire equipment and supplies of all kinds featured the exhibits’.
Chief Albert C. Melendy, of Nashua, N. H., was chairman of the Exhibit Committee. It had been hoped that several new enclosed pieces of fire apparatus might be on display; but the manufacturers found it impossible to complete this apparatus in time for showing at the convention. The nearest thing to an all enclosed job was the motor pumper and hose wagon built for Watertown, Mass., which was fitted with a closed cab to protect the driver ana officer riding on the front seat.
The Ahrens-Fox Fire Engine Company, Cincinnati, O., showed a Series V, 500gallon centrifugal motor pumping engine and hose car fitted with a 100-gallon booster tank and pump. This machine has been sold to the town of Onset, Mass., where it will be known as Engine No. 2.
A large illuminated poster view of an Ahrens-Fox piston pumper in action throwing powerful streams during a test at Elyria, O., attracted attention. The company representatives present at the convention were Clarence E. Meek, New York District Manager; Elwood Yoho, Field Engineer, and Earl Moulton and
I. A. Ballou, Jr„ New England representatives.
A Barton-Ford motor pumper and hose wagon was exhibited by the Farrar Company, Woodville, Mass. This front end U type pump had a capacity of 400 gallons per minute. The machine has been sold to the town of Warner. N. H. The firm also exhibited a Barton pump with Hercules motor for forest fire work. A Barton Type F front end pump completed the display. Clarence Farrar and George Edmunds of Woodville, and Chester Farrar of Westboro, Mass., were the representatives.
The Mack Truck, Inc., New York City, exhibited a .Mack motor pumper and hose wagon built for the town of Farmingdale, N. J. The firm was represented by W. A. Maynard, New England Division Manager; H. A. Scharfcnberg, of New York; Frank Harrington, asst. New England manager; Charles Stewart, New England representative; and John Dans, engineer.
The American-LaFrance and Foamite Industries, Inc., of Elmira, N. Y.. showed two motor pumping engines and a full line of Fire Department supplies. The larger of the two units was a 1,250-gallon triple combination centrifugal pumper. The second pumper, built for North Conway, N. H„ was a 500-gallon rotary gear pumper. It was fitted with an Eastman portable gun. Among the items of fire equipment shown by this firm were Foamite generators and Foamite extinguishers, fire guns, Alfite extinguishers, Arrow and Rough Rider extinguishers, LaFrance inhalators and cannister masks, tannic acid spray kits, and the Foamaster foam hip pack. The American-LaFrance men attending the convention were Lester J. Creaser, New England sales manager; Joseph Webber, apparatus sales manager; Ex-Chief Harry
J. Monahan, of Berlin, N. H.; Lawrence Cardan. William Starr. William Taylor, George Loomis, Stephen R. Jones. James Coffin, William H. McCorkle, and James Shea.
The Maxim Motor Company, Middleboro, Mass., displayed an enclosed cab type motor pumper and hose wagon built for Watertown, Mass. The equipment included a portable gun.
Fire Department supplies shown by the Maxim Company included the Smith Indian Fire Pump. Pyrene extinguishers. Trippe fog lights. Carpenter lights. Griswold Fog Nozzle. Cooper hose jackets. Maxim relief valves, axes, crow-bars, plaster hooks. Tan-Spray first aid kit. Hewitt hose. A Fold ladder with folding hook, extinguisher holders, the Maxim no-sand strainer, and a Maxim forest fire pump of 100 gallons capacity. These pumps have a 4-cylinder motor and are made in both rotary and centrifugal types. Maxim representatives present were Ernest L. Maxim. Leighton Maxim. Merrill A. Shaw. Robert A. Clark. Russell Brown, and Joseph Whitcomb.
The Mine Safety Appliance Company, represented by Captain Alfred Kinsella. showed the H and H inhalator. the M. S.
A. ammonia mask, the M. S. A. first aid kit, the Burrell all service mask, and Bakelite fire helmets.
The Fabric Fire Hose Company, Sandy Hook, Conn., displayed its brand of fire hose. The representatives were J. H. Ringers, general sales manager; Robert Many Wood, P. A. Wood, L. R. Meany, O.
B. Maxwell, and P. R. Lewis.
The Eastern Fire Equipment Company. Portland. Me., exhibited Quaker City fire hose made by the Quaker City Rubber Company, and a hose display panel showing materials used in the manufacture of fire hose. The Ayer clamp for fastening ladders to metal roofs was shown, also hose clamps invented by Ex-Chief Herbert D. Ayer, of Fairfield. Me. Erlon S. Noyes was in charge of the display.
The Atlas Life Saving Machine and the Atlas Life Saving Belt were shown by the Atlas Fire Equipment Company, of New York City. The firm also makes rope training nets. William Moeller, of New York City, was in charge
Chief Edward W. Taylor, of Lexington. Mass., displayed the Minute Man Hose Bridge made by the Taylor Manufacturing Company, of Lexington, Mass.
The Gorham Fire Equipment Company, Boston, exhibited a full line of Fire Department supplies, including spanners, nozzles, extinguishers, fire hats. Kant Blaze Blankets, metal car plates, badges, rubber landing pads. Sterling sirens, folding buckets, Pulmosan respirators, safety lamps, Gorham pump cans, and Gorham portable forest fire pumps. Joseph W. Gorham and Harold F. DeCourcy were in charge.
The Gamewell Company, Newton. Mass., exhibited a Gamewell fire alarm box and pedestal, the Sprinklastat. the Vocalarm system of Fire Department communication, and the Rockwood dry pipe, wet pipe, and dualguard systems of automatic sprinkler and thermostatic protection for factories and homes. The Gamewell staff was headed by President Vincent C. Stanley and included Frank R. Bridges, chief engineer; Arthur Donovan. Charles T. Smith, Leonard Dawson. Russell A. Glenn, Everett Angier and Earl Smiddy, also John J. Ryan, of the Rockwood Sprinkler Company.
The American Fire Equipment Company, Boston, had a large display, including Smith Indian Fire Pumps, Wheat lights and chargers, Federal sirens, Republic fire hose, King Lites, Clark duplex inhalators, Tarment foot valves. Elkhart and Akron nozzles, Porter bar cutters, Kant Blaze Blankets. M. S. A. Micarte helmets, extinguishers, hose bridges, axes, and various other fire tools. President John J. Scully was .assisted by Joseph A. McLaughlin. S. R. Dyer, Hubert W. Tracy, and Lee Gravelle.
Eastman nozzles and deluge guns were shown by the Samuel Eastman Company, of Concord, N. H.
The Midwestern Manufacturing Company, Mackinaw. Ill., showed a full line of firemen’s rubber garments, including rubber coats and turnouts. I. A. Luft, of Providence, R. I., New England representative, was in charge.
The American District Telegraph Company had a display of posters and illuminated signs showing the A. D. T. waterflow alarm system, the A. D. T. automatic fire detecting and reporting systems, and the Aero automatic fire alarm system for installation in industrial establishments.
The Eureka Fire Hose Division of the United States Rubber Products, Inc., New York, showed the Eureka brands of Fire Department hose. The representatives in attendance were Joseph H. Green. General Manager; John T. Dwyer, A. Lee Cowles, and AI Schofield.
The Bi-l-ateral Fire Hose Company, maker of Bi-Lateral Hose, was represented by E. G. Clewly. New England agent.
The Goodrich brands of fire hose were shown by Harry J. Lovell. Boston, who is the New England representative of the Goodrich firm.
The usual display of badges, officers’ insignia, and metal car plates was shown by the C. G. B rax mar Company. New York City. George E. Bradbrook and J. O. Veit were in charge.
Oberdorfer portable pumps and other fire-fighting equipment made by the M. L. Oberdorfer Brass Company. Syracuse. N. Y., were shown by the New England representative, the Fabric Fire Hose Company.
Robert W. Haskell and Associates. Fire Protection Engineers. Claremont. N. EL, displayed Red Rung fire ladders. Goodrich fire hose, sprinkler heads, automatic burglar and fire alarms. Sterling sirens, fire hose and hose fittings, lightning rods, first aid equipment, and Fvr Fvter extinguishers. Dupont fabric covers. rubber coats, the Gamewell Vitalarm and municipal supplies of various kinds were also shown. R. W. Haskell, of Claremont, and C. Wllliard Pike, of Colebrook, were in charge.
FIRE ENGINEERING and the fire promotion hand-books, published by the Case-Shepperd-Mann Publishing Corporation, of New York City, had a large display. Fred Shepperd, Editorial Director; l Herbert Case. Vice-President and General Manager. and Harry Belknap. New England Correspondent, were at the convention.
The D. B. Smith Company, Utica, N. Y., showed the Indian Fire Pumps for forest and brush fires; also water supply cans. Thomas ML Burton was in charge.
Uniforms and caps for Fire Department officers and privates were shown by the Fred W. Batchelder Company, Boston. Mass.
The Automatic Hose Coupling Company, Inc,, Milford. Mass., exhibited “Feather-weight Couplings.”
Pacific pumps for forest fire duty, Blanchard nozzles, fittings and Fire Department equipment of all kinds, including products of the Boston Woven Hose and Rubber Company, were shown by the Arthur H. Blanchard Company. Cambridge. .Mass. Arthur Blanchard. 1>. Blanchard. Frank M. Grant, and Edward J. “Tip” O’Neil were in charge.
The Justin A. McCarthy Company, Boston, Mass., displayed the Elkhart mystery nozzle, Davis inhalators. Couplings. nozzles, chemical and foam extinguishers, lights, pump cans, sirens, helmets. first aid kits, and a complete line of Fire Department supplies, including Manhattan fire hose. Justin A. McCarthy and Arthur E. Lindh were in charge.
The Teuber Lens Company, Mancheater. N. H., showed the Teu-Len hand and hydraulic hose clamps. George Teuber was in charge.
The Voltex Corporation. Natick, Mass., exhibited a system of Fire Department communication. Including Inter-station and box communication and Fire Department broadcasting equipment. Richard C. Buck was the representative in charge.
Flood lights and electric generating sets for use on Fire Department apparatus were shown by the Homelight Corporation.
Red Chain forestry hose was displayed by Charles Niedner’s Sons Company, Malden, Mass.
The Boston Coupling Company and the Akron Brass Manufacturing Company exhibited nozzles, wagon guns, couplings, and portable monitor nozzles.
Among the heavy stream appliances on view In the exhibit hall were Morse guns and Eastman deluge sets.
The Talk Alarm Company, Bridgeport, Conn., showed the Talk Alarm system of Fire Department communication.
The Brown Company, Berlin. N. H., had an interesting and educational exhibit showing the process of making paper and other goods from pulp wood, Solka products, including towels and conduits, onto inner soles for shoes, and Solkaf leather used in the manufacture of pocketbooks were displayed. Chemicals used in the making of woven cloth from pulp wood were also shown. S. D. Story was in charge.
Demonstrations of the Griswold Fog Nozzle, Eastman-Barker deluge guns, and Gorham Forest Eire Pump took place on Wednesday afternoon, June 23, at The Balsams, under general supervision of Chief Albert C. Melendy, of Nashua, N. H., Chairman of the Exhibit Committee of the New England Association of Fire Chiefs.
The tests were held in the field just south of The Balsams Administration Building. The fog nozzle demonstrations were given by Captain Samuel Hogan, of the Los Angeles County, Cal., Eire Department and K. R. Pitcher, of the California log Nozzle Company.
Tests included controlling and extinguishing a tub of blazing gasoline. Three tubs of gasoline placed parallel, three tubs one placed above two others, fire in a large open top oil drum, a large open pit fire of gasoline and fuel oil, a trench fire, and a fire in a tin clad shed, fed by an open gasoline pipe from a drum, to simulate conditions in a garage fire. The water pressure at the hydrant was 150 pounds. The spray and vapor from the fog nozzle effectively controlled and extinguished the fires.
Horace Barker and George Robinson were in charge of the display of Eastman deluge guns with Barker tips. This demonstration was put on by the Samuel Eastman Company, Concord, N. H.
Chief Frank Copeland, Raynham, Mass., and Harold DeCourcy showed the Gorham portable gasoline forest fire pump for the Gorham Fire Equipment Company, Boston, Mass. The engine is an Austin fitted with an Oberdorfcr pump. The capacity of the unit is 75 gallons per minute.
New England Convention Sidelights
The white sashes with gold lettering worn by the members of the Ladies’ Committee lent a sort of a Salvation Army-Lady Delegate appearance to the lobby of the hotel.
George Morley and Bert Case represented the long and the short of the convention, while Chief Frank Tracy, Woburn, Mass., and Chief Clayton W. Bishop, Onset, Mass., were the oldest and youngest active Chiefs in attendance.
Chief Sanborn, Portland, Me., and Earl Moulton, Worcester, Mass., were among the enthusiastic and successful trout fishermen in Lake Gloriette. Fred Shepperd and Joe Green also went fishing.
A bevy of feminine beauties enjoyed a ride around the lake by the shore road as crew of the new Mack motor pumper that had been on display in the exhibit hall.
Charles “Sandy” Chapman led the singing at the banquet. His wife won praise for her bravery in swimming in the chilly water of the lake in the early morning.
“Dan” Looney, Secretary of the Massachusetts State Firemen’s Association, tried to climb Table Rock Mountain, with Chief Pope, Boston. They came back somewhat weary and mudbespattered.
The albino doe in the Boar’s Head Tavern created much interest. It was shot not far from the hotel in spite of Captain Doudera’s attempts to protect it from the guns of hunters. He had the carcass mounted.