Emergency Care Training For Fire Instructions

Emergency Care Training For Fire Instructions

Prying open car door with a bar and a hydraulic tool.Power nippers bit out an opening in car roof.Windshield removal with hand tools is demonstratedPower saw is operated by men in protective clothing

—University of Maryland photos

Locking device is exposed by cutting hole in door.Auto victim is immobilized with use of back board.

Weekend courses concentrate on victims of road accidents

In preparation for conducting courses in emergency care, the Fire Service Extension Department of the University of Maryland conducted weekend training for instructor candidates. During the second weekend of training, the 45 instructor candidates concentrated on learning procedures for extricating victims from wrecked autos.

The course for instructors was implemented as a result of the Fire Service Extension Department’s signing of a contract with the Maryland State Board of Health and Mental Hygiene to conduct a statewide program of instruction for emergency medical technicians. The training manual adopted for the program is “Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured,” written by the Committee on Injuries of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

The Maryland curriculum consists of 60 hours of intensive training at various hospitals throughout the state. Each session is three hours. The first hour is devoted to a didactic lecture by a physician, the second hour is for instruction by a lay instructor and the final hour is devoted to practice by the students.

The course is presented in two parts as follows:

Emergency Care I

Ten three-hour lessons and one exam session. Class sessions:

  1. Introduction, “Before the Emergency”
  2. Manual resuscitation
  3. Bleeding and shock
  4. Wounds and bandaging
  5. Environmental emergencies
  6. Fractures of skull, neck, spine, pelvis
  7. Injuries to chest and vascular region
  8. Fractures of the upper and lower extremities
  9. Medical emergencies
  10. Lifting and moving patients
  11. Examination

Emergency Care II

Eight three-hour sessions and one exam session. Class sessions:

  1. Operations and defensive driving
  2. Mechanical aids to breathing
  3. Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation
  4. Emergency childbirth
  5. Emotionally disturbed and unruly patients
  6. Emergency medical vehicle design and equipment
  7. Emergency care room visit or explanation by physician or nurse
  8. Auto extrication drill
  9. Examination

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