EUREKA FIRE HOSE.
The Eureka Fire Hose company, which was established in New York city in 1875, has recently moved its plant to Jersey City, N. J., to a modern factory, with a combined floor space of over 100,000 square feet—nearly two and one-half acres. All the machinery and apparatus used in this building is the invention of employes of the company and was built in the factory, and all the cotton and linen yarns are specially spun and tested to meet the company’s very rigid requirements—which, it is claimed are more than thirteen per cent. above the highest of any previous standard. The rubber is specially prepared, and must be in perfect accordance with the company’s specifications. After acceptance it is inserted into the hose. The yarns are received in the single and twisted into the various plies required. All the nose manufactured is antiseptically treated by methods which the experience of over twenty-five years has shown to be the best for the purpose. By this treatment the yarns or fabrics are lightened,and the yarn needs no sizings or weighings of any kind. The twisted yarns are then woven into the many various fabrics manufactured by the company, each one of which calls for a special loom, each operated by its own individual operator. After having been woven, it is inspected inch bv inch. The hose is next subjected to anti-septic,anti-mildewing treatment according to formulas specially prepared for the company. With ordinary care this hose will not mildew. Inserting the rubber lining is not undertaken till the lining tubes have been examined for foreign substances, and well brushed and cleaned outside and in. The tubes are drawn in by special machinery, live steam being used to inflate the rubber linings against the inner surface of the fabric tube, whereby the adhesive cement coating on the outside of the rubber tube is softened, and the rubber cement, being vulcanised, fastens the two together. During this process the hose is again examined for flaws, and various colored threads are inserted between the fabric and lining. These are also woveninto many of the company’s fabrics, the dates of whose manufacture and lining are thus determined. The hose couplings are all cast and turned according to the company’s specifications, ready for threads, and are applied by means of an hydraulic expander. After coupling, each length of fire and underwriter hose is tested for leaks by being subjected to a hydrostatic pressure of 200 pounds. The company’s rubber-lined, solid, single-woven, multiple cotton fire hose is two and three ply. The Paragon is two-ply and the Eureka, threeply. The different plies are woven simultaneously and are, therefore, perfectly uniform throughout in tension and construction. The rubber lining is the best quality lapped-jointed three-calendered, Para rubber tubing, the edges of the three sheets rolled into one are lapped and cemented together; the tube is run into a vulcaniser. The lap-joint is thus vulcanised together. After it has been externally coated with rubber cement for adhesion only, it is ready for insertion into the hose.
The most serviceable linings are not less than eighteen-gauge and not more than fifteen—the Navy Department of the United States and the Factory act specify that the thickness must be within these limits.
The Eureka Hose company has received a gold medal at every exposition at which it has exhibited its goods, and at the Paris exposition, Mr. J. Van D. Reed, president of the company, was awarded the cross of the Region of Honor, as a recognition of the excellence of the company’s exhibit.