Troy, on the east shore of the Upper Hudson River, was hard hit by both fire and flood last month. Never in the city’s history has the Hudson risen to such height as on that occasion. The greater part of the business section of the city lies on the flat bordering the riser front, and it was this part that suffered most. Even the newspapers were compelled to fall back on the Albany publishers for aid in getting out their editions, and these were very irregular in their appearance and small in size, For miles above the city the river had overflown its banks and Waterford and the Lansingburgh section of Troy being inun dated and people driven from their homes. The collar factories-the largest in tin world were several feet under water, and stocks had to be carried to upper stories to save them, while their engine rooms and laundries were under water for several days. The lower section of the city was completely inundated, and many thousands of dollars loss incurred, For the purpose of giving its readers some idea of the extent of the damage. FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING herewith presents several illustrations made from photographs expressly furnished this magazine. Troy is the manufacturing center of many ad juncts to the water works of this countrv, among which are the Rensselaer. Ludlow. Ross and Eddy valves. So far as learned only two of these companies the Rensselaer and the Ludlow suffered from the flood Of course, business was totally disorganized for several days, or until the flood entirely subsided The adage that “misfortunes never come singly” was aptly demonstrated when fire broke out in several parts of the city, giving plenty of work to the fire department, which, however.’proved equal to the occasion. At the fire which destroyed the Thorne Hold-Fast Company’s building, several firemen were seriously hurt by falling brick walls On the morning of March 28 a great scare was caused in Waterford. Announcement had been made that if the Speer Falls dam, further up the Hudson, should give way the Waterford fire bells would be rung. A fire broke out in the early morning and when the alarm was sounded the inhabitants thought the dam had gone out, and there was intense contmotion in the village. More than 2,000 people took to the hills and remained there until informed that fire had caused the alarm. During the fire in the neighborhood of Adams street, at which time the Ludlow Valve Company suffered, a score or more freight cars, together with the roundhouse of the New York Central Railroad, were consumed. Although the water was from 6 to 8 feet deep in some parts of the city, fortunately only one life is reported to have been lost. The railroad bridge belonging to the Delaware & Hudson Railroad Company, which is also used by the Central-Hudson trains, was seriously threatened and was expected to yield to the pressure of the 25-mile per hour current, but fortunately it withstood the strain. Traffic between Albany and Troy was cut off for many hours. Work of restoring business is rapidly going on. but it will be several days before normal conditions will prevail.


How the Flood Created Havoc in the Ludlow Plant

On March 27 the Hudson River rose 27 feet above its normal height, which was 2 feet In incites higher than the river had ever risen in the memory of any living soul. The highest the river had risen before was in 1857. The greater portion of Troy was under water from 1 foot to 6 feetin fact, the only portions that were not affected were the center of the city and the hill district. Hundreds of homes had their cellars filled with water and in many the water reached the first floor. Among the manufacturing plants most affected was the Ludlow Valve Manufacturing Company, which has a frontage of 2,000 feet on the river, and the floors of all its different shops were covered 6 feet. Although this plant has been in its present location for more than 18 years it is the lirst time the water has ever reached am of the floors of its shops The main machine shop is list feet long and 102 feet wide: the hydrant shop, 200 feet long. 60 feet wide: the iron foundry, 460 feet long. 200 feet wide: brass foundry, 120 feet long. On feet wide; storehouse and blacksmith shop, 260 feet long. 120 feet wide—from which dimensions it will be seen that the inundation caused great havoc to the property. On account of the electrical machinery, generators, dynamos, etc., having been under water the plant was shut down for 15 days. On the receding of the water it was found that silt and slime deposited varied anywhere from 1 inch to 1 1/2 inches deep.

Fig. 1 shows the north end of the Ludlow plant, taken from the roof of a building about -MHI feet away after the water had receded about 3 feet. The water reached the eaves of the small watchman’s cottage seen at the right. The buildings shown beginning at the left are the north end of the general machine shop, adjoining thereto the north end of the storehouse and pattern shop, then the brass foundry and office. The 30 freight cars shown on fire were destroyed by the lire starting from the slackening of quicklime in one of them, in addition to the burning of these cars the round house of the New York Central Railroad was completely wiped out.

Fig. 2 shows the condition of the machine shop after the flood had receded. The main floors of the machine shop and hydrant shop arc paved with cedar and cypress blocks well grouted with concrete. This illustration shows where the floor was lifted with a weight of at least 10 tons of castings on top of it. All over the machine shop this floor was raised, throwing over castings and other materials and tools that were on it at the time.

Fig. 3 shows the condition of the hydrant shop with the cedar and cypress blocks lying around after the floor had lifted. In this shop there was not 3 square feet of the floor that was not lifted by the flood

Fig. 1 shows the general condition of the iron foundry after the flood and the silt and slime deposited by the water.

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