FIRE AND WATER SERVICE OF LIVINGSTON, MONTANA
Specially written for FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING
Livingston, Mont., the county seat of Park county, a rising western town, is the gateway to the Yellowstone Park, through which in 1904 50,000 persons passed on their way to that farfamed reservation. By nature the city is one of extreme beauty, and the citizens take great pride in increasing that beauty by means of fine streets payed with cement and lined with handsome buildings of all classes, among which is one of the best appointed railway depots in the West. The population of the city is 5,000, and is distributed over a fire area of (600 acres, on which stand, among others, business buildings ranging in height from one story to four. Within the fire limits, which extend over six square blocks, none but brick, iron, or stone buildings are permitted. 1 here is also an ordinance against firecrackers and combustibles, nor does any lire take place whose cause is not investigated. The citizens are determined to be on the safe side, so far as concerns lire protection. A thoroughly good fire department has, therefore, been organised. It consists of twenty-eight men, of whom two are full paid and one partly; the rest are volunteers, each one of whom is thoroughly imbued with the spirit of his calling I here is P. W. Nelson, whose assistant is William Burkett, both practical and experienced firemen, who enjoy to the fullest the confidence of their fellow-citizens and their comrades in thi department. During the past year they were called out twenty-seven times; the loss being $1,784.55; the insurance, $1,589.55. The equipment is as follows: Hose wagon; hose reel; hook and ladder truck, with one twenty-six-foot and one fifty-live foot extension ladder and three root ladders; hose, cotton, rubber-lined, two and a half inch, 5.000 feet— i.ooo feet additional to be purchased at once. The hose wagon carries two three-gallon, Babcock fire extinguishers. There arc three horses in service, and the total value of the equipment iset down at $5,000; of the building. $15,000. The tiamewell fire alarm telegraph, with twelve boxes, will soon supersede the exist ing electric alarm. The duties of secretary of the department are ably discharged by Frank Bender. As to the water supply: Its source is the Yellowstone river, the water being taken at a point distant one mile and a half from the business centre. The system is pumping to a reservoir, the capacity of which is 550,000 gallons. The quality of the water, already good, is rendered still better by a filtration system (gravel and sand). The pumping engines are three in number, and are of the following capacity and build: Class 1, compound condensing 17 x 26 x 18 x 12; next 2, 8 x to x 6 3/4; next. 12 x to x 8; daily capacity, 2,300.000 gallons; builders, Deane & Barr. The mains, of which over ten miles are laid, arc of cast iron—twelve-inch, ten-inch, eight-inch, sixinch. four-inch ; hydrants—double-discharge—set, seventy-three (Holyoke and Ludlow): meters, thirty-nine — Crown, twenty-one, Hersey, five, Worthington, four, Buffalo, three; services (galvanised iron pipe), 920; pressure, domestic, ninety pounds, fire, 140 pounds; valves (Ludlow), fifty-two. The daily average consumption is 2,030,000 gallons. The works, which are owned by the Livingston Waterworks company, with a twenty-year franchise and a capital stock of $50,000, were built soon after the establishment of a municipal government in 18&) and cost $85,000 to build. The president of the company is T. M. Sw indlehurst; superintendent, E. C. Ross. Superintendent Ross has been with the company since it was organised in 1889. At that time there were only three miles of mains and twenty-five hydrants. I he subsequent improvements have been many and great, and all have been made under the management of Superintendent Ross. After the 5,000,000-gallon pump is installed and the new 1.000.000-gallon reservoir is built, no waterworks plant in the State will be able to compare with that 01 Livingston.