Fire Chiefs Officially Launch Educational Program
First of Topics Received with Enthusiasm at Winnipeg—Sullivan Elected President; Brosnan and Smith, First and Second Vice-Presidents—Havana Next Year—400 Chiefs in Attendance
PRACTICALLY the entire program of the fiftyeighth annual convention of the International Association of Fire Chiefs held at Winnipeg, Manitoba, on September 9th-12th was devoted to the Educational Committees’ Course of Instruction. The subjects presented, based largely on the work of the Los Angeles Fire College, and delivered by instructors of that institution, proved a revelation to the delegates, and indicated in a most promising manner the possibilities of the Educational Program.
Along this line, an interesting feature of the convention was the showing, on Wednesday morning in a local moving picture theatre, the association’s new talking film on Salvage Work. This picture, the films of which it is hoped to be able to distribute in about two months, shows every branch of salvage and the vocal explanations are by no less an authority on the subject than Chief Frank C. McAuliffe, of the Chicago salvage patrols.
In the election of officers on Friday the association followed out its traditional policy, advancing its First Vice-President to the Presidency, and promoting the Second to First Vice-President. Chief Joseph N. Sullivan, of Utica, N. Y., was elected President; Chief D. W. Brosnan, of Albany, Ga., First Vice-President and Chief Richard L. Smith, of Pittsburgh, Pa., Second VicePresident. Chief James J. Mulcahey, Yonkers, N. Y„ was re-elected Recording Secretary, and Ex-Chief Peter Carter was re-elected Treasurer.
Havana won the fight for the convention for 1931. The Cuban city made a bid for the convention last year, but withdrew in favor of Winnipeg.
Unfortunately, in the case of the exhibits, while the best arrangements possible under the circumstances were made for their display, the armory was so far away from the meeting hall that, with the exception of Thursday afternoon, they were not as well attended as they should have been. To make up for this deficiency, however, Thursday afternoon was set apart for the chiefs to visit the exhibit hall, and this was taken advantage of by the majority of the members.
As usual the first session of the Fifty-eighth Annual Convention of the International Association of F’ire Chiefs was devoted to opening ceremonies. Approximately five hundred delegates were on hand on Tuesday, September the 9th, at the Capitol Theatre, Winnipeg. The meeting was called to order by President Ralph J. Scott. Following the introduction of distinguished guests Mayor Ralph H. Webb of Win nipeg delivered the address of welcome, Chief Selden R. Allen of Brookline, Mass., responding thereto.
In the Memorial Fxercises which followed it was disclosed that during the past year fifty-three members of the Association had departed this life.
Just prior to the opening of the afternoon session tindelegates viewed a parade by the Winnipeg Fire Department.
The business session started at 2 o’clock with the presidential message of Chief Scott.
He pointed out the necessity for vigorous action on the subject of finance in order that the educational program of the Association may be carried to completion without interruption or delay. He pointed out the progress that had been made since the educational program was initiated last fall and expressed belief that this activity of the organization would be the turning point in its career. Two talking picture films have already been completed and several others are contemplated for early action.
President Scott urged co-operation on the part of the membership in putting over the program.
As the first part of the Business Session the various Contention Committees were announced. They are as follows:
Committee on Credential
Selden Allen, Chief, Brookline, Mass.
Chas Thompson, Chief, Vancouver, B. C.
W. H. Funderburk, Chief, Springfield, Ill.
Frank H. Miller, Chief, Terre Haute, Ind.
Joe W. Fisher, Chief, Covington, Ky.
Committee on Naming Vice Presidents
James Armstrong. Chief, Kingston, Ont.
Chas. Kinger. Chief. Minneapolis, Minn.
Jas. J. MacMillan, Chief, Orange, N. J.
H. R. MacMillan, Chief. Jacksonville, Fla.
Hugo R. Delfs, Chief, Lansing, Mich.
Committee on Courtesies Extended
W. A. Btiel, Chief. Parsons, Kans.
L Donnelly. Chief. Quebec City, Qne.
J. W. Sutherland. Chief, Fargo. N. D.
Geo. B. Goff. Chief. Oklahoma City. Okla.
G. W. Andrews, Chief, Sudbury, Ont.
In addition, the Memorial Resolutions Committee, of which Chief John Healy of Denver is Charimn and a special Committee on Finance, of which Chief D. W. Brosnan is chairman, were announced.
Chief R. N. O. Harrington of the McColl Refineries, Montreal, Quebec, was appointed Sergeant at Arms.
Reports of Secretary and Treasurer as well as the Auditing Committee were read and approved.
Communications were read, among which was a cablegram from Chief John Kenlon. who is now in Ireland, wishing the Association a successful convention.
Proceedings to Be Issued Earlier
Upon motion by Chief Shire, it was unanimously voted that the proceedings of annual conventions hereafter be issued in sufficient time that each member mav receive his copy sixty days in advance of the annual meeting.
In answer to a question regarding the finance of the Association, Chief Brosnan made a strring add-ess on this phase of the Association’s activity. He stressed the tremendous importance of the educational program and labelled it as the first big movement the Association had ever sponsored, and one which would accomplish more for the future of the organization than any other move ever undertaken. He expressed his confidence in the ability of the Association to successfully handle the problem of securing revenue necessary to carry on with the work.
Educational Committee Program
The first topic of the program sponsored by the Educational Committee of the Association. entitled “How a Fire College Should Be Conducted.” was delivered by Captain W. W. Tebbetts of the Los Angeles Fire Department ,and one of the instructors of the Los Angeles Fire College.
He reviewed the changing conditions of industry and the resultant introduction of many new hazards to he faced by fire fighting organizations. Strategy, he contended, was the basis of all fire fighting.
A description of a Los Angeles Fire College, at which the first class of students were instructed under the auspices of the International Association of Fire Chiefs was given.
The talk was fully illustrated with lantern slides and proved of great interest to the delegates.
Teaching How to Teach
As a second topic on the afternoon’s program Doctor Moore of the Success Business College of Winnipeg, outlined the essentials of a successful instructor.
“Three fundamental requirements are essential in the make-up of the successful instructor,” said Dr. Moorel “These are: (a) Preparation of self; (b) preparation of pupil; (c) preparation of subject.”
(Continued on page 816)
Chiefs Launch Educational Program
(Continued FROM page 808)
In addition, Dr. Moore emphasized the necessity for an instructor to believe in his work; that he must he a master of his subject so that students will look tip to him.
“It is necessary.” he continued, “that there he created in the pupil a desire for the subject. System, order and discipline arc all necessities. And the subject must be so presented that even the dullest pupil will understand.”
There is always danger of shooting over the heads of the students, he pointed out, and to avoid such tendency it is necessary to work down to the lowest and not up to the highest. Never-ending patience is fundamental; dressing up the subject is required in order to keep attention, he concluded.
Assistant Chief Samuel Dodd was called upon to present the third topic of the Educational Program. He outlined very fully, with the aid of lantern slides, the fundamental requirements of a model officer. With the aid of the slides, projected on a large screen at the front of the Convention Hall, he showed very vividly the necessity of officers conducting themselves in a manner which will give the public a proper impression of the Department.
“The officer must not be a ‘good fellow,’ or a ‘weak sister’ if he is to maintain proper discipline. He must not join the men in their recreation, for it breaks down discipline; furthermore, the men do not wish his participation in their games,” said Chief Dodd.
He outlined the function of officer and men in drill work, in inspection work, record keeping, and other departmental activities. This talk, as with the preceding topics, was warmly received by the convention.
Care of Hose
Chief Dodd was again called to the platform, this time to discuss the care of fire hose. The keynote of his talk was well given in his introduction of the subject when he said; “If the hose is not right we are going to lose many a building.”
He cited many examples of fire hose being injured around the station and in service due to carelessness or ignorance on the part of the men. The thoughtless placement of an acid container, the careless recharging of chemical tanks on apparatus, careless refilling of gasoline tanks, and the dragging of hose through oils and greases were pointed out as specific causes of injury to hose. The crossing of hose lines by apparatus was mentioned as another common source of injury to the hose. “The placement of hose lines alongside curbs and crossing the street at the first building will eliminate a lot of unnecessary damage to hose by heavy apparatus,” said Chief Dodd. Lantern slides were used to illustrate the various points brought out in the talk by Chief Dodd.
He concluded by outlining the value of systematic hose records for keeping tab on the performance of hose, as well as keeping the department informed as to when the hose should be discarded.
The final topic of the afternoon program was devoted to a discussion of hydraulic head and pressure by Captain J. L. Gowell. instructor of the Los Angeles Fire College. Captain Gowell very ably outlined the development of some of the fundamental figures employed in hydraulic calculations. such as static head, weights and volumes of water. He referred to many incidents during his connection with the fire service which emphasized the great value of a knowledge of hydraulics on the part of members of fire departments, and particularly among the officers.
The delegates were taken to a local theatre Wednesday morning to witness the projection of the Association’s new talkie film on salvage work. The chief actor in the picture is Chief Frank C. McAuliffe of the salvage patrols of Chicago. All branches of salvage work were shown and the different points explained by Chief McAuliffe. It was generally agreed by the enthusiastic audience who witnessed the picture that it will go a long way toward educating fire departments both in the value and essentials of salvage operations. Prints of the film will be available for distribution, it is hoped, within the next couple of months.
Following the showing of the film the delegates returned to convention headquarters at the Royal Alexandra Hotel lor the first topic on the morning’s program which was delivered by Mr. LaMott of the Dupont Powder Company. Mr. LaMott discussed the subject of demolition of buildings at conflagrations. He pointed out that the present knowledge of the use of dynamite for destroying structures in the path of a spreading fire was largely secured by experiences at the Chicago and Atlanta conflagrations, lie said that the use of dynamite for demolition work was not recommended m the case of brick or stone buildings because they offered a greater resistance to the progress of fire when erect than when flattened out after dynamiting. But where frame buildings were involved and little or no water available, together with a high wind blowing, the use of dynamite is considered effective and practical. The chief fault in the use of explosives in demolition work, the speaker said, could usually he traced to employing too small charges. For example, for an eight room frame building two to three hundred pounds of 60 per cent dynamite is necessary in a charge to completely level the structure. It is better to demolish rows of buildings at one time rather than individual structures. The cap and fuse method was preferred by the speaker over other methods of detonating charges.
He recommended that no great excess of dynamite be kept on hand, in order that the hazard incidental thereto be kept to a minimum.
The use of dynamite lor ditching in connection with brush tires was also mentioned. Ditching by dynamite accomplishes two tilings: provides a fire stop and also a supply of loose earth for application in extinguishing grass or brush fires.
In answer to a question regarding the action which should be taken in the case of a dynamite magazine becoming involved by fire, the speaker recommended that the fire force proceed at once to a point of safety.
Captain Gowell was called upon to deliver the next talk, which was devoted to fire and life hazards incidental to the use of electricity. He outlined very ably the growth in use of current and the fire hazards which were created thereby. For example, the introduction of new appliances from time to time, which use large quantities of electricity has resulted in overloading circuit originally installed for lighting purposes only. To illustrate tins point Captain Gowell performed an experiment which brought out very clearly the heating produced on a circuit through overloading. A Xo. 18 wire was fused by overloading after the insulation had been burnt off through heating of the wire.
He described what he termed “back-alley” hazards. These hazards are frequently caused by improper wiring and high tension lines coming in contact with low voltage circuits. Hazardous conditions occasionally result from storms during which high and low tension wires may cross, through the former being blown down, said the speaker.
One of the most interesting and instructive talks given in connection with the Association s educational program was that by Assistant Chief Dodd of the Los Angeles Fire college on “exposures.” Starting with the statement that 75 per cent of all fires staht in the lower parts of buildings and that 80 per cent of these fires extend upward within the building, Chief Dodd outlined very thoroughly the many ways in which fire may spread within a building or to adjoining or neighboring buildings.
In basements, for example, fires may spread two ways—horizontally and vertically. Horizontal spread may be through unprotected openings in party walls, while vertical spread may take place through any number of channels extending up through the building.
He pointed out the hazard incidental to fires spreading across streets or from building to building through power and light tunnels.
With reference to covering a building to prevent exposure to adjoining or neighboring structures, the speaker emphasized the necessity for remembering that there are four sides to a building. Closing of fire doors by members of the department was stressed as a means of preventing extension. Proper consideration of hazards incidental to embers, bridges from building to building, and scant parallels were also emphasized. Use of all equipment available to prevent extension of fire, including the auxiliary equipment of adjoining buildings, was also recommended. Chief Dodd’s paper was fully illustrated, as were practically all papers presented by members of the educational committee, with instructive lantern slides.
Ot the many papers on arson given before conventions of the Association, that presented at Winnipeg by K. M. Blanford. Chief Special Agent of the Pacific Coast Arson Bureau. National Board of Fire Underwriters, was one of the most comprehensive and practical. Included in this paper was a great amount of information of value to fire department heads who are interested in reducing arson losses. This paper will be published in full in an early issue of this journal.
The afternoon session started with a paper by George W. Booth, Chief Engineer of the National Board of Eire Underwriters. Fires in hospitals and similar institutions occur at the rate of more than one a day with an annual loss exceeding $1,000,000, according to Mr. Booth. Failure to consider fire safeguards during building construction predominates as a primary or contributing cause of fires in hospitals. Mr. Booth said. In existing hospitals, not of fire-proof construction, the first effort should be to isolate a fire, preferably to a single portion of any story, or at least to the story itself. This could be accomplished, the speaker said, by enclosing stair or elevator shafts and other vertical openings by enclosures constructed of materials of fire resistance sufficient to afford at least one hour’s protection against fire. Mr. Booth also discussed X-ray laboratory precautions, protection of operating room, static electricity dangers, hazards from oily rags, and sprinkler systems At hospitals. This paper also will be published in full in a later issue.
Captain Gowell again took the platform to talk on hydraulics, this time devoting his attention to the subject of “suction.” He pointed out that there is no such thing as lifting water by suction, for no contact exists between the agency producing the work and the water being lifted. Elevating water by “suction” is done through creating a partial vacuum above the surface of the water, and letting atmospheric pressure from without force the water up to such a point that the sums of difference in the static heads within and without the pipe plus the air pressure on each surface are perfectly balanced. By use of a mercury and water column set, the speaker very abiy illustrated the raising of water by suction as well as explaining the limitations in lifting water by this means. Figures were presented to show how calculations might be performed in changing static head to pressure.
In his first talk of the afternoon session. Chief Dodd ably handled the subject of ventilation of buildings during fires. Starting with a description of the methods employed in the Los Angeles Fire college for teaching the principles of ventilation by use of a miniature smoke house. Chief Dodd carried the subject right through to the practical applications of the principles involved. In certain types of structures lie recommends sending men in pairs to the roofs of ventilate, carrying with them a roof rope for escaping in case of emergency. He also described the use of the ball and chain as well as pompier ladders for breaking windows on floors below when operating on roofs. Details were included in the talk on specific methods and equipment employed in ventilating operations. The large number of lantern slides displayed showing both conditions in actual fires as well as in drills enabled the delegates to secure a very clear conception of the methods and benefits of ventilation.
Captain Gowell. as his second talk in the afternoon program, discussed discharge formulas and data, giving illustrations of the methods of calculating discharge from nozzles under different pressures. He explained very ably the derivation of the discharge formula and illustrated its application. This formula is :
Discharge = 30d2√p
where “d” is the nozzle diameted in inches and “p,” the pressure in pounds per square inch. This formula gives gallons discharged per minute. The speaker pointed out that the formula does not give exact results, but the variance is so small that it may be neglected.
One of the most illuminating discussions on oil fires ever presented before the Association was delivered by Chief Dodd in his second appearance on the platform of the after noon session. Speaking with the aid of lantern slides, which illustrated the many points of importance in connection with handling oil fires. Chief Dodd covered the subject from equipment employed up to and through the methods of extinguishing oil fires of great magnitude. The speaker outlined oil fire hazards as encountered in Los Angeles and neighboring cities, particularly those hazards which resulted from the building up of and annexing territory adjacent to the city. Emergency methods of combating oil fires; detection of “boil-overs” and other phenomena in connection with oil tank fires, and use of special equipment were all included.
Concluding Chief Dodd’s talk was a motion picture film showing several large oil fires together with the fire forces in operation.
The evening session opened with another talk by Captain Gowell who spoke this time on friction loss in fire hose. Wherever there is motion there is friction, said the speaker. As to whether or not there is motion in the film of water adjacent to the lining of the hose, Captain Gowell was nonconunital, but the motion of the water itself, whether the entire cross section or just the core of the stream, produces a loss of pressure. This pressure loss, he pointed out, was a big factor in determining the pressures at the engine and nozzle. The use of the friction loss formula was fully described and several illustrations given of its application. The formula is:
F (100′ 2 1/2″ hose) = 2 X Q X Q + G
where “F” is the friction loss per hundred feet of 2 1/2 inch hose, and “Q,” the number of hundreds of gallons flowing in the hose per minute.
Round Table Discussion
The Round able discussion brought forth much interesting information. Chief Healy of Denver, Col., opened it with a question on the wisdom of equipping wards and rooms in hospitals with automatic sprinklers. Practically all of those delegates discussing the subject favored sprinkler equipment in hospital buildings, though many were of the opinion that sprinkler heads should not be placed in the rooms to be occupied by patients.
In a discussion on the causes of forest and brush fires it was urged by one delegate that all automobiles should be equipped with receptacles for burnt matches, cigarette and cigar butts, for it was held that a number of disastrous forest fires originated from this cause.
With regard to films in hospitals it seemed to be the concensus of opinion that such films should be stored in buildings detached from the hospital building proper. Other topics discussed in the round table were: model arson law, apprehending incendiaries and rate of rise sprinkler equipment.
A Stag Party
Following the evening session the delegates who were unaccompanied by wives (and apparently no wives were present) were treated to a stag party staged under the direction of Chief Boulden. It is needless to say that the party was a merry one, and that neither water nor sarsaparilla were in evidence.
Captain Gowell opened the morning program with a talk on underwriters formulas, mentioning those used for calculating engine and nozzle pressures. The formula employed for finding nozzle pressure follows:
N. P. = E. P./(1.1-t-KL)
where N.P. is nozzle pressure, E.P. is engine pressure, K a factor depending upon hose and nozzle diameters, and I., the number of 50 foot lengths in line.
The formula for engine pressure is:
E.P. = N.P. X (1.1+K.L.)
where the symbols are the same as those in the preceding formula. Captain Gowell applied these formulas to several examples in order that the delegates might see just how the solutions were developed.
Chief Dodd, with the aid of numerous lantern slides, illustrated the methods employed by the Los Angeles hire college in teaching watchmen the essentials of their work Prefacing his talk with a discussion of a number of incidents wherein lire loss had ocurrcd as a result of inexperience on the part of the watchman. Chief Dodd traced through from the start to finish the career of the average watchman in his calling. He called attention to the necessity for instructing these men in the use of first aid equipment as well as signalling apparatus, and stressed the value of training them to detect hazardous conditions and report the same to plant officials. The Los Angeles college has instructed several classes of watchmen in their work and upon the satisfactory completion of the course presented to each student a certificate of graduation. Such certificates, the speaker said, prove of great value to watchmen when applying for new positions.
Quick Calculations at Fires
Hydraulic calculations are usually considered as requiring pencil and paper. But Captain Gowell in his second talk on Thursday morning showed how quick and approximate calculations could be made of hydraulic problems on fire grounds without the aid of pencil and paper. In making these calculations certain average values for discharge, nozzle pressure, and static pressure per story are assumed. On the basis of these assumptions it is possible in a few seconds for a fire officer trained in the subject to quickly determine desired pressures for different layouts, for static, or back pressures, five pounds per story is assumed.
The final topic of Thursday’s program was on engine hook-ups by Captain Tebbetts. He showed the delegates something new in the way of relay lines when he displayed on the screen a relay lay-out 6500 feet in length, using several engines and delivering 14 streams tapped off this line. Each branch line was 300 feet long, 1 La-inch hose, having Jd-inch tap. The discharge from each nozzle was in the neighborhood of 44 gallons per minute. This relay line was stretched up an incline to an elevation of over 500 feet.
He pointed out the importance of officers and men knowing their hydrant construction and operation thoroughly. In the Los Angeles department, apparatus has been developed for testing suction hose by use of a vacuum pump and many defective suctions have been detected through testing. The test equipment consists of a cap for the suction hose fitted with a vacuum gauge and a peep-hole. To the other end of the suction is fitted a cap to which is attached the vacuum pump. Just inside this cap, in the suction line, is an electric light which is lighted during the test. When caps have been tightly fitted the vacuum pump is started, and if the hose is defective the lining can he seen through the peephole projecting inward and blocking the water way.
The speaker also described the use of the four-way valve appliance widely used for connecting an engine to a hydrant line without shutting off the water. The use of parallel lines of 2j4-inch hose as suction lines in the event of a hydrant being otherwise inaccessible was described.
One innovation in placing engines at suction was discussed by Captain Tebbetts. This evolution is performed at waterfront properties where there is plenty of room for manipulating the pumper. It consists of laying out the suction lines, and connecting them up (whether 2, 3, or 4 sections) to the engine. The suction lines are laid along the dock or street. After properly connecting up, the suction line is carried by men while the engine backs up, the suction line being eased over into the water as the engine proceeds backwards.
Some other innovations described bv the speaker included the use of gutters for permitting water to llow front remote hydrants down to a point where the gutter could be dammed and the water picked up by the suction of a pumper; use of the pumper for supplying air to men trapped in man holes.
A very striking demonstration was made of this latter practice when a 300-foot line of 1 Lj-inch hose was stretched into the convention hall from a rotary pump out in the street, and a good stream of air delivered from the open butt of the hose in the convention hall. It is estimated that 20 cubic feet per minute at engine pressure of 6 pounds was furnished by the pumper.
Chief Ross B. Davis of Philadelphia demonstrated a device which has recently been placed on the market for preventing the ignition of film in the canisters or magazines of a motion picture machine when the film passed through the projecting apparatus takes fire.
In the reports of the district associations, the Dominion Association reported an increase of forty new members during the past year. The Missouri Valley Division reported 73 paid tin members at the present time as compared to 30 paid up members last year. The Association plans convening at Kansas City next spring at the time the State of Missouri holds the fire short course in that city. The Southwestern Division reported a slight decrease in membership but a campaign is planned for next year which is expected to double the membership. Next year’s meeting will be held at Dallas, Texas: and it is believed that this location of meeting will bring in many new members from the southwestern part of the district.
(Proceedings continued on pone 823. For list of attendance see pane 820.)
hose Who Attended the Chiefs’ Convention at Winnipeg, Canada
(Chiefs unless otherwise specified)
Allen, Selden, R., Brooklyn, Mass.
Almgren, Louis, San Diego, Cat.
Alt. Charles, St. Louis, Mo.
Atcheson, Hamilton, Ont.
Aura, C. A., Commissioner, Hibbing, Minn.
Anderson, Wm. R., Fort Myers, FI.
Almond, Thos., Central Falls, R. I.
Armstrong, James, Kingston, Out.
Baines, George W., Moose Jaw, Sask.
Baird, Thomas, Chief Inspector, Winnipeg, Man.
Beatty, C. J., Jamestown, N. Y.
Bowker, R. H. Passaic, N. J.
Blake, Thomas, Rockford, Ill.
Bell, Dr. J. H., Commissioner, Hamilton. Ont.
Buel, W. A., Parsons, Kans.
Black, James, Grand Forks. N. D. Beaman, James, Great Lakes, Ill.
Boaz, S. C., Henryetta, Okla.
Booth, George W., Chief Engineer, New York, N. Y.
Brosnan, D. W., Albany, Ga.
Blanford, Murray E., Chief Special Agent, San Francisco, Cal.
Buchanan, J. E., Ex-Chief, Winnipeg, Canada
Brun, M. J., Fort Smith, Ark.
Brctmard, Charles J., San Francisco,
Bogardus, George W., Norwalk,
Baker, Philip, Ex-Chief, Portchester, N. Y.
Bower, George M., Rome, N. Y.
Brookins, L. C., Norwick. N. Y.
Beckert, E. G., West New York, N. J.
Becker, Harry J., South Orange, N. J.
Boissenin, J., Ottawa, Ill.
Brooks, Wm., Fire Marshall, Helena, Mont.
Blon, C., Jr., Holland, Mich.
Brown, Geo. K., Ponca City, Okla.
Brince, George C., Commissioner, Eveleth, Minn.
Brennan, John J., Pelham Manor, N. Y.
Boulden, D. A., Winnipeg. Can.
Bogan, R. A., Baton Rouge, La.
Boughner, George, Grand Rapids, Mich.
Bicker, W. K., Pensacola, Fla.
Brown, E. J., Binghamton, N. Y.
Bcthancourt, A. L. Houma, La.
Bernard, Rene, Thibodaux, La.
Burbach, Peter H., West Allis, Wis.
Belfy, N., Muskegon, Mich.
Baugartcr. Ben F., Mankato, Minn.
Bartlett, H. C., Oxford, N. Y.
Bernard, Henry, Ex-Chief, Grafton, N. D.
Behrens, Louis, Charleston. S. C.
Birkett, George C., Portchester, N. Y.
Boyle, Roger, Jersey City, N. J.
Corcoran, D. L Superintendent, Milwaukee, Wis.
Campbell, H., Irvington, N. J.
Connell, Thos., Cleveland, Ohio
Conway, J. J., Superintendent, Cincinnati. Ohio
Champ, William, Sherburne. N. Y.
Cote, A. J., Woonsocket, R. I.
Clark, L. H., Cloquet, Minn.
Canfield, A. B., Pocatclla, Idaho
Carter, Peter B., Ex-Chief, Camden, N. J.
Chevalier, J. F., Inspector, Montreal, Que.
Churchill, J. W., Halifax. N. S.
Code, Wm., Ex-Chief, Winnipeg, Canada
Copper, W. P., Richmond, Cal.
Curran, W. J., Indianapolis, Ind.
Cavanaugh, P. L., Philadelphia, Pa.
Crook, George W., Assistant Chief. Devils Lake, N. D.
Clark, M. E., Williamsport, Pa.
Chambler, C. S., Commissioner, Elizabeth, N. J.
Conley. Louis J., Deputy Chief, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Callahan, A., Harrison, N. J.
Charlesworth, Frank. Providence, R. I.
Chamberlain, Albert, Hillside. N. J.
Craswell, Wm. T., Valiey City, N. D.
Correll, L. K., Casseltou, N. D.
Clark, Charles E., Wayne, Pa.
Carter, John E., Galesburg, Ill.
Corrigan, M. J., Chicago. Ill.
Coates, H. G., Walkervilie, Ont.
Copeland, D. B., Columbus, Ga.
Coyle, Thomas, Paterson, N. J.
Cameron, A. D., Fort William, Ont.
Callahan, H. J., Fort Dodge. Iowa
Dunn, E. J., Plainfield. N. J.
Donovan. D. F., Kansas City, Mo.
Donald, L. F., Jackson, Mich.
Delfs, Hugo. K., Lansing. Mich.
Dailey, C. S., Bemidji, Minn.
Dunn, O. C., St. Paul, Minn.
Decker, F. C., Westfield, N. J.
Darling, E. Englehart, Ont.
Davis, Ross B., Philadelphia, Pa.
De Courcey, D. H., Winchester, Mass.
De Castro, M. F., Captain, Panama City.
Dickinson, F. F., Brockton, Mass.
Doolittle, Ralph F., Fairmont, W. Va.
Dutton, A., Edmonton, Alta.
Deen, Frank, Lancaster, Pa.
DeMay, S. J., Detroit, Mich.
Derringer, E. A., Superintendent, Columbus, Ohio
Deacon, G. Y., Lachute, Que.
Duncan, James M., Jr., Alexandria, Va.
Donnelly, L., Quebec
Diederich, G., Master Mechanic, Kansas City, Kan.
Dressier, Fred, Red bank. N. J.
Dewar, G. W., Havre, Mont.
Davies, E. N. C., Haddon Heights, N. J.
Dodd, S. H., Los Angeles, Cal.
Derra. A. G., Schenectady, N. Y.
Dessin, W. J., Burlingame, Cal.
Eguer, John C., Kansas City, Mo.
Espey, John H., Elmira, N. Y.
Erwin, C., Commissioner, Cloquet, Minn.
Evans, John M., New Orleans
Fowler, Joe, Ex-Chief, Sudbury, Ont.
Fuller, W. T., Trauscotia, Man.
Fox, Henry A., Boston, Mass.
Francis, Harry J., New Brunswick, N. J.
Ferric, P. T., Cleveland, Ohio
Fetters, J. I., Michawaka, Ind.
Fearn, O. E., Chief (Apparatus), Washington, D. C.
Ferguson, S., Fort Worth, Texas
Funderburk, W. H., Springfield. Ill.
Faithfull, J. E., Saskatoon, Sask.
Fehr, Geo. S., Freedom, Pa.
Gardiner, D., Powell River, B. C.
Gibbs, J., Montclair, N. J.
Green, W. C., Concord, N. H.
Gilday, J. J., Captain, Jersey City, N. J.
Gerstung, August, Clnet, Elizabeth, N. J.
Grogg, John A., President, Ohio
Fire Chiefs’ Association, Tiffin, Ohio
Gibson, John, Mount Vernon, N. Y.
Ginther, C. E., Rochester, Minn.
Gates, E. L, Glenns Falls, Cal.
Gauthier, k., Montreal, Que.
Goff, George B., Oklahoma City
Goldsmith, Clarence, Assistant Chief
Engineer, Chicago, Ill.
Gamber, John G., Ex-State Fire Marshal, Evanston, Ill.
Higham, Charles, Ex-Chief, Middletown, N. Y.
Haggard, L. C., Commissioner, Claremcre, Okla.
Haper, E. E., Commissioner, Pensacola, Fla.
Harrington, R. N. O., Montreal, Que.
Havines, R. J., Claremore, Okla.
Heath, Thomas, Saskatoon. Sask.
Hewitt, Elmer, N. Wildwood, N. J.
Hull, Charles E., Audubon, N. J.
Hedden, George W., Buffalo. N. Y.
Heitman, H., Waterbury, Conn.
Hawkins, W. H., Haverill, Mass.
Hyatt, Henry J., Pittsburgh. Mass.
Harvey, C., Long Branch, N. J.
Huber, Charles, Endicott, N. Y.
Harris, G. A., Commissioner, Elizabeth, N. J.
Hurley, W. J., Holyoke, Mass.
Hansen, Henry C., Rinelander, Wis.
Henryson, E. F., Elgin, Ill.
Hofstetter, A. N., Fire Marshal, Evanston, Ill.
Hansen, S. H., Duluth, Minn.
Hansen, Louis, Lincoln, Neb.
Henley, James B., Keewatin, Minn.
Mealy, John F., Denver, Col.
Hanson, F. W., Rush City, Minn.
Henry, C. J., Lexington, Ky.
Hurley, J. P., Springfield, Mo.
Hirsch, Fred S., Battalion. Los Angeles, Cal.
Hoskin, Edward C., Highland Park,
Herald, George, Ex-Chief, Los Angeles, Cal.
Hardy, Wm., Lethbridge, Alta.
Houren, G. M., Winnetka, Ill.
Huffstetler, Glenn. Maryville. Tenn.
Hutchinson, L. N., Commissioner, Dearborn, Mich.
Harris, S. H., Battle Creek. Mich.
Hirschley, Claude M., Chile Engineer, Hillsborough, Caf.
Ingram, C. L., Montgomery, Ala.
Ingold, Wm. F., Edgewater, N. J.
James, W. G., Hamilton, Ont.
Johnstone, C. M., Knoxville, Tenn.
Johnson, H. A. Ventura, Cal.
Jesser, F. C., Covington, Va.
Jenkins, T., Yorkton, Sask.
Jenkins, C. E., Ex-Chief, Bryan, Texas
Jones, Robert, Chattanoo, Tenn.
Johnson, J. E., Menomic, Wis.
Jucksch, J. C., Schumacher, Ont.
Kuhn, Frank W., Pontiac, Mich.
Kappelle, A. S., Stratford, Ont.
Kuplic, J. J., Manitowoc, Wis.
Kennedy, John B., Augusta, Ga.
Krohn, Adolph, International Falls,
Kelley, R. A., Davenport. Iowa
Kerner, L. P., Jr., Rio Vista, Cal.
Knoblock, R. A., South Bend, ind.
King, Harry A., East Cleveland, O.
Kellogg, George M., Sioux City,
Kelly, J. H., Ex-Chief, Grafton, N. D.
Kennedy, M. T., West Orange,
Koeber, George E, Bloomfield, N. J. Keegan, J. T., Newark, N. J.
Lyon, A. H., Ex-Chief, Binghamton, N. Y.
Lamm, Otto, Assistant Chief, Mankato, Minn.
Lutz, William J., Wilmington, Del. Lockhart, George, Minneapolis,
Lawton, Joseph S., Newport, R. I. Lefeher, J. C., Jr., Wamvatosa, Wis.
Lewis, Edmund B., Scranton, Pa.
Lind. Olander, Kansas City, Kan.
Larson, Charles L., Coleraine, Minn.
Leonard, M. P., Erie, Pa.
Laird, W. F., Summit, N. J.
Lester, K. F., Athens, Ga.
Moore, John T., Memphis, Tenn.
Mohr, W. J., Santa Monica, Cal.
Morris, L. K., Ames, Iowa
Merkle, Fred G., Commissioner,
Mount Vernon, N. Y.
Munroe, John H., Savannah, Ga. Marsh, A., Columbia, S. C. Muirhead, Charles, Danville, Ill.
Michaelsen, Wm., Commissioner, Cliffside, N. J.
Mitchell. G. L., Ex-Chief, East Orange, N. J.
Mulcahey, James, Yonkers, N. Y. ^Mesereau, S. S., Commissioner, Kmlicott, N. Y.
jMorris, J. C., Commissioner, Jrairmont, W. Va.
Maxson, R. A., Gloversville, N. Y.
Magrath, Ed., Commissioner, Win-
Montmeny, Arthur, Chicopee, Mass.
Mead, A. E., Grafton, N. D.
Mottesheard, R. E., Dearborn,
Marriott, George C., Quincy, Ill.
Mills, H. J., Richmond Hill, Ont.
Miller, E. E., Richmond, Ind.
Mahoney, Thomas H., Westfield,
Marechal, L., West Mount.
Melhuish. J. M., Brandon, Man.
Mathiesou, K. J., Kirkland Lake,
Mastin, F. W., Pine Falls, Man.
Mcsner, K. O., Canton, Ohio
Mclllhargey, Charles, Hibbing,
McNamara, Mr., Commissioner, Winnipeg, Man.
McNulty, J. T., St. Petersburg, Fla.
McCartin, P. D., (Colorado Springs, Col.
MacMillan, H. R., Jacksonville, Fla.
McLaughlin, William, Bavonne,
McMillon. J., Orange. N. J.
McGinlcy, C. A., E. Orange, N. J.
McGillan, George P., Appleton. Wis.
McCarthy, John W., Corning, N. Y.
MacDonald. J. A., Trail, B. C.
McLeod, H., Port Arthur, Ont.
McNulty. Win. F., Carbondale, Pa.
McAuliffe, Frank, Ch. of Patrols,
McAllister, E. H., Morrestown,
McCarthy, C. L., Worcester, Mass.
MacWhirter, J. H., Eveleth, Minn.
McFarlane, John, Montreal, Que.
Nelson, W. D., Ex-Assistant Chief, Dundas, Ont.
Nelson, W. T., Assistant Chief, Keewatin, Minn.
Norman, Ole, Superior, Wis. Neville, R. C., Assistant Chief, College Park, Ga.
Noll. Chris W., Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
Neill, W. O., Weehawken, N. J.
Nixon, William, Newburgh, N. Y.
Nice, A. E., Columbus, Ohio
Newton, Arthur, K. Chicago, Ind.
Noble, P. L., Manhattan. Kan.
Nickerson, Charles L., Wildwood,
O’Brien, John J., Battalion Chief, Indianapolis, Ind.
O’Donnell. Jas. T., Chief Salvage Corps, St. Louis, Mo.
O’Leary, J. J., Minot, N. D.
Patt, Irwin, F., Ex-Chief, Central Falls, R. I.
Pierce, K., Kearny, N. J.
Prementine, Joseph, Lyndora, Pa.
Fenhalle, H. R., Commissioner,
Partin, W. F. C., Meridian, Miss. Palmer, W. H., Charlotte, N. C. Price, E. H., Flint, Mich.
Phillips. A., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. Phillips, W. J., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.
Quist, N. F., Virginia, Minn.
Reintsch, Win. F., Lawrence, Kan. Rouse, E. H., Orange, Va.
Remley, N. B., Moorehead, Minn. Roycc, C. W., Joliet, Ill.
Readman, R. E., Fort Francis, Ont.
Rahm, Arthur J., Two Rivers, Wis.
Rigsby, A. E., Assistant Chief,
Robson, F. C., Canclo. N. D.
Rakestraw, C. A., Captain, Chat-
Rausch, Louis M., Meenah, Wis.
Ridley, A. V., Teaneck. N. J.
Rapp, C. W., Logan, Utah
Reif, Lawrence E., New Haven,
Roddy, Frank, Monroe, La.
Ritchey, G. M., Winnipeg, Can.
Ringer, C. W., Minneapolis, Minn.
Sutherland, J. W., Fargo, N. D.
Smith, J. N., Prince Albert, Sask.
Sloan, W. A., Sioux Falls.
Smart, James, Calgary, Aha.
Smith, P., Swift Current, Sask.
Stroll, F. J., Sturgeon Bay, Wis.
Summers, Claude, Norman, Okla.
Seeley, W. M., Middletown, N. Y.
Schaller, Frank J., Port Huron,
Scott, R. J., Los Angeles, Cal. Schwab, Chris G., Deputy Chief, ”Oklahoma City, Okla.
Schier, F., Union City, N. J.
Sullivan, K. F., Syracuse, N. Y.
Stahlhut, John C., Fort Wayne,
Smith, Frank E., E., Newark, N. J.
Steinkellner. Peter, Milwaukee, Wis.
Smith, Richard Lee, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Sullivan, James C., Lowell. Mass.
Soper, A. E., Mansfield, Mass.
Sargent, F. M., Sunapee, N. H.
Sheppard. W. C., Pittsfield, Mass.
Sinclair, George, Toronto, Ont.
Sullivan, Joseph N., Utica. N. Y.
Saulnier, John D., North Adams,
Savage, John A., Valley Falls, R. I. Springer, W. J., Texarkana. Ark., Tex.
Stoner, W. I., Lookout Mt., Tenn.
Stout, A. J., Hutchinson, Kan.
Stackpoole, John. Superintendent,
Stark, W. H., Commissioner, Dav-
Shuford, D. E., Hickory, N. C.
Schnibben. Chas., Wilmington,
Smalenberger, C., Meadville. Pa.
Schultz, Oscar K., Sharpslnirg. Pa.
Smith, James E., Nashua, X. H.
Shire, Dan H., Mason City, Iowa
Spriggs, George H.„ Portage La
Shepperd, Fred. Honorary Life Member, New York City.
Thompson, H. A., Bismark, N. D.
Thom, A., Transcona, Man.
Townsend, John. St. Paul, Minn.
Terrell. John. Atlanta. Ga.
Timmins, Richard, Beaver Falls, Pa.
Tiller, Ray, Waterloo, Iowa
Treacy, Hubert J., New York, N. Y.
Towey, J. J., Newark, N. J.
Tawney, M. M., Harrisburg:, Pa.
Taggart, W. S., Asbury Park, N. J.
Turk, Louis, Chisholm, Minn.
Thermer, Paul, Menasha, Wis.
Tappen, Robert M., Gardner, Mass.
Tierney, Daniel B., Arlington, Mass.
Tibbett, W. W., Los Angeles, Cal.
Talley, Gordon, Comissioner, Claremore, Okla.
Taplin, J. K., Blackwell, Okla.
Thompson, C. W., Vancouver. B. C.
Thompson, F. E., President. Dominion Fire Chiefs. New Liskeard
Thompson, W., St. Boniface, Man.
Villegas, Leopoldo Diaz de, Havana,
Yosbell, Harry, Indianapolis, lnd.
Volberding, L. C., Commissioner, Elgin, Ill.
Whiting, H. P., Hampton Beach. N. H
Williamson, Edward E., Deputy Chief, Boston, Mass.
Wake, P., District Chief, Winnipeg. Man.
Waidelich. Jos., Topeka, Kan.
Watters, W. C., Oak Park, Ill.
Wigglesworth, E., Commissioner, Hackensack, N. J.
Welsh, J. P., Eau Claire, Wis.
Weir, George S., O’Hara Township, Pa.
Wells. H. B., Newberry, N. C.
Warner. F. D., New Berlin, N. Y.
Wagner, L. Ellis, York, Pa.
Wallace, George A., Cleveland. O.
Weirick, W. H., Hibbing, Minn.
Willert, C. Edw., Mt. Clemens, Mich.
Wantz, W. A., Anderson, Ind.
Wood, G. A., Niagara Falls. N. Y.
Ward, George R., Chief (District). St. Louis, Mo.
Walden, L. C., Superintendent, Worcester, Mass.
Weber, Joseph K., Stone Harber, N. J.
White, W. A., Regina, Sask.
Weeks, W. P. Battle Creek, Mich.
Willis, W. B., Outremont, Que.
Zielar, J. E., Dothan, Ala.
Zibble. W. H., Wilmette, Ill.
Ziegler, Wm., Hackensack, N. J.
Meutiier, Arthur, Montreal East, Que.
Haney, T. W., Ex-Chiet, Jacksonville, Fla.
Miller, John, Deputy Chief. Winnipeg, Man.
Barron, William C., Chief Inspector, St. Paul. Minn.
Johnstone. T. R., Ex-Chief, Indianapolis, lnd.
Burns, Thomas F., Birdfort, Conn.
Ahrens, John P., Cincinnati, O.
Bentzen, D. R., Minneapolis, Minn.
Browning, R. O., New York, N. Y.
Ball, C. K., New York, N. Y.
Browning, E. P., Minneapolis, Minn.
Collins, M. H., Louisville, Ky.
Coates, G. A., Atlanta, Ga.
Carmichael. Duncan A.. St. Catharines, Ont.
DeLaney, J., Elmira, N. Y.
Elwood, H. D., Chicago. Ill.
Fenner, D. C., Los Angeles, Cal.
Green, Don. Chicago, Ill.
Hansen, A. E., Elkart, Ind.
Hansen, E. H., Elkart. Ind.
Havens, H. M., Columbus, Ohio
Horine, M. C., New York, N. Y.
Lovell, H. J., Boston, Mass.
Later, W. A., Toronto, Ont.
May, J. J., Elmira, N. Y.
Moulton, E. G., Worcester, Mass,
Mackie, George V., Winnipeg, Man.
Marbury, H. B., Atlanta, Ga.
McAlhone, J. P., Winnipeg, Man.
Robb, Frank L., Chicago, Ill.
Rose, C. B., New York, N. Y.
Rogers, C. A., Chicago, Ill.
Sullivan, A. G., New York, N. Y.
Snodgrass, S., Elmira, N. Y.
Seott, Glenn T., Kansas City, Mu.
“Thomas, Geo. E.. Toronto. Ont.
Timmerman, Roy, Atlanta, Ga.
Waterous, F. A., St. Raul, Minn.
Weber, Joe. Boston, Mass.
Adams, Carl, Minneapolis, Minn.
Ashmead, John, Hartford, Conn.
Bone, R. A., Indianapolis, Ind.
Benson, Fred E., New York, N. Y.
Bickle, R. S., Woodstock, Ont.
Beutell, O. F., New York City
Brown, A. L., New York, N. Y.
Blatchley, New Haven, Conn.
Blomberg. David, Minneapolis,
Barrett, Frank J., Minneapolis,
Bailey, F. H., Grafton, N. D.
Clitheroe, F., Toronto, Ont.
Crowhurst, A., Montreal, Que.
Crane, John A., Minneapolis. Minn.
Chnorberg Providence, R. I.
Cross, J. R. Winnipeg, Can.
Dowling, F. F., Vancouver, B. C.
Doherty, J. Lowell, Mass.
Detwiller, H.. York, Pa.
Dunlevy, J. Sioux City, lowa
Dries, J., Winnipeg, Can.
Dynon, Daniel T., Minneapolis. Minn.
Fortin, Albert T., Minneapolis.
Flynn, James A., Chicago, Ill.
Gorham, Joseph T., Boston, Mass.
Mjobert, H. F., Kansas City, Mo.
Grady, F. R., Jersey City, N. J.
Green, J. H., New York, N. Y.
Green, R. M., Alexandria, Va.
George, Clarence R., Minneapolis.
Guider, George (Alderman), Minneapolis, Minn.
Hall, William, Minneapolis, Minn.
Harris, Claud, Minneapolis, Minn.
Hauser, William M., Minneapolis, Mann.
Chiefs Launch Educational Program
(Continued from page 819)
The closing session of the convention, which took place on Friday morning, was taken up by routine business. The most important was the election of officers which resulted as follows:
President.: Chief Joseph X. Sullivan. Utica, N. Y.
First Vice-president: Chief I). W. Brosnan, Albany, Ga. Second Vice-President: Chief Richard 1,. Smith. Pittsburgh, Pa.
Treasurer (Re-elected): Ex-Chief Peter Carter, Camden, X. J. Recording Secretary (Re-elected): Chief James J. Mulcahev. Yonkers, N. V.
When it came to the choosing of the convention city for 1931. Havana, Cuba, won out over the Twin Cities (Minneapolis and St. Paul) for the honor of entertaining the association. It will be remembered that the Cuban city was a close contender at Birmingham in 1929 for this year’s convention, but withdrew in favor of Winnipeg.
After this matter was decided the convention finally adjourned.