FIRE DEPARTMENT HORSES.

FIRE DEPARTMENT HORSES.

The development of fire department horses is well illustrated at the St. Louis Fair horse show, where (says the Rider and Driver) an “interesting feature is the provision made to recognise the merits of horses particularly adapted for the use of fire departments. The rigid requirements in this regard make the demand for fire department horses constantly in excess of the available supply, and fire department chiefs in all parts of the country agree that money may be made in breeding a tvne of horses suitable for this use. The National Firemen’s tournament has been arranged to be held at the World’s Fair on August 24-28, in order to come at the same time as the Exposition horse show, and the National Firemen’s association, is urging every city council and fire department in the country to send the best horses possible to the tournament and the horse show, in order to develop interest in the best type of fire department horses.”

FIRE DEPARTMENT HORSES.

FIRE DEPARTMENT HORSES.

Veterinary Surgeon H. F. James, of the St. Louis, Mo., fire department, gives some useful hints as to the care and treatment of horses used in the service of any fire department. He suggests a good and thoroughly equipped hospital, well drained and dry, with constant inspection of the horses and the food supplied them, especially the hay. Much of the so-called ” choice timothy,” he says, is a mixture of clover,orchard grass,and weeds, with scarcely enough timothy to warrant the name. Only the grade known as “ fancy timothy” should be purchased. The oats should show no mixture of wheat screenings, which cheapen them and add greatly to the weight, while not being nearly so nutritious. The betiding straw, too, should not be largely chaff, but altogether straw. It is also recommended that the horeeshoers use only hand-turned shoes instead of the machine-turned, now in use, and also that the feet be packed with flaxseed or “ spelterlne” at least three times a week, and the outside of the hoofs greased with neatsfoot oil or petroleum to increase the moisture. All horses should on their return to the engine bouse after a run be given two hours’rest before the hose is turned on them, and it should not be done at all except in warm weather. The adoption of the brass tag system of numbers for horses instead of names is also recommended.and a dentist should at once be called in to dress the teeth of the animals in the department.