The fire department of St. Louis, Mo., has been increased by 30 men.

E. L. Wentworth was elected chief of the Coudersport, Pa., fire department.

The firemen of Somerville, Mass., are now having one day off in every six.

Everett, Mass., has increased the pay of call men from $75 to $125 a year.

The permanent relief fund of the Urbana, Ill., fire department has been organized with $1,000 in the treasury.

J. W. Sharp, the new chief of the Ashland, Wis., fire department, is said to be busy on some reforms he intends to inaugurate.

O. K. Stegall, former chief of the Huntsville, Ala., fire department, has taken up the duties of that position temporarily, following the death of Chief Guscio.

The new 75-foot truck and the two new engines which the city of Lancaster, Pa., recently purchased from the American-La France Fire Engine Company, of Elmira, N. Y., were tested and gave complete satisfaction.

The citizens of Wilkesbarre, Pa., as well as Chief Joseph Schuler, are proud of the fine showing made by the lire department at the annual inspection by the mayor and councilmen. The department is considered to be better equipped than at any time since its organization.

The Youngstown, O., council has given all numbers of the fire department an increase of

$5 a month. I his will make the pay of the men $1,020 a year. The chief receives $2,000, assistant chief $1,320. marshals $1,200, and assistant marshals $1,080.

Eight old firemen of the Buffalo, N. Y., department, have gone out on pensions. The members who were pensioned have each seen more than 25 years’ continuous service in the ranks and in many of the cases the retirement was made by request.

Engine Company No. 171, of the Ridgewood section of Brooklyn, is proud of its fine new hose wagon, which was made in the shops of the Seagrave Company and weighs, when fully equipped about three tons. It has a capacity for about 1,100 feet of hose and is provided with life-saving apparatus.

The records of Chief C. E. Toslor make a fine showing with reference to fires in Astoria, Ore., during the year 1909. The total loss within the city’s limits representing a radius of over two miles front its center, amounted to $2,300, and this included one loss of $1,500, which was beyond fire protection. The department answered 85 calls.

Judge Scanlon, of Chicago, decided that the medical and physical tests annually made of members of the fire and police departments by the retiring hoard are illegal and has ousted the hoard. The members of the civil service commission were also found guilty of violating the law and fined and were forbidden to hold further physical tests except for promotional purposes.

A press report states that this year’s fire losses in Cincinnati are what is termed “a fair loss.” In other words, the total destruction in 1909 compares very favorably with the records for the previous 12 months when the aggregate amounted to $074,755. There is a possibility of this year’s losses being slightly in excess of the latter amount.

The fire losses for the week, ending January 8, will make a total of nearly $3,500,000, a considerable bill for that time. The fires are smaller and more numerous than usual, only four being set down for $200,000 each, and one in Milwaukee at $250,000. Should this rating continue during the year, the total loss will not exceed that of 1909; in fact there is every reason to expect that it will show a substantial falling off, provided no great conflagration occurs.

Frank H. Turner, of the Somerville, Mass., Veteran Firemen’s Association has compiled a mass of figures concerning the fire loss in the city of Boston. He states that the average loss for the 80 years, from 1829 to 1909, for every minute during the years mentioned was as follows, not including the great conflagration of 1872: 1829 to 1839, 18.4 cents per minute; 1839 to 1849, 33 cents; 1849 to 1859, 75 cents; 1859 to 1869, $1.12; 1869 to 1879, $1.96: 1879 to 1889, $1,915; 1889 to 1899. 66 cents; 1899 to 1909, $3.77. The average loss for every minute during the SO years was $1.7114. The sum total of loss for the time was within a few dollars of $72,000,000 or $900,000 annually.



Branchville, N. J., is organizing a fire department.

Riverside, Cal., has a new telephone fire alarm system.

Five new call boxes have been installed in Springfield, Mo.

Hamilton, O., has secured a site for its new Fifth Ward hose house.

Charles City, Ia., has just added a combination wagon to its equipment.

The Mayville, N. Y., department has elected Milton S. Smith chief.

Whitestone, L. I., expects to have a paid department in the near future.

Twenty boxes have been placed in Gary, Ind., for fire and police protection.

A. F. Sager has been elected chief of the Cortlandt, N. Y., department.

A fire department and fire patrol is soon to be organized in Branchville, N. J.

The Rescue Fire Company, of Dallastown, Pa., has re-elected J. T. Grim foreman.

The volunteer fire department of Nashwauk, Minn., has elected Paul H. Toedt chief.

The Citizens’ Hook and Ladder Company, of Bordentown, Pa., has elected W. H. Wiese foreman.

The Good Will hire Company, of Pottstown, Pa., will burn their $4,000 mortgage on New Year’s Eve.

Harrisburg, Pa., has purchased a dozen fire extinguishers for schools. Probably this should read for one school.

The loss by fire, in the United States and Canada, as reported for the week ending Dec. 26, amounted to $1,323,865.

At the annual meeting of the Lambertville, N. J., Firemen’s Relief Association, Chief Geo. W. Arnett was elected president.

Edward Mead has been re-elected chief of the Hastings, Neb., department, retaining the same assistant, E. P. Haynes.

Garden City, Kan., has a new fire department, 23 in number, with Assistant Street Commissioner John Kell, as temporary chief.

The Lumberton, Pa., fire company No. 1 has purchased the W. C. T. U. hall and will remodel it into an up-to-date fire house.

Shreveport, La., expects to expend more money on its fire protection system next year and will probably add five new hose wagons.

The fire losses throughout the United States and Canada, as reported for the week ending December 12, amounted to $5,459,299.

Board of Trade, wants the old pumping station put into commission and mains run to the business district for better fire protection.

Colfax, Ill., now has fire protection in the business district and the mains will be extended to cover the residential section in the spring.

The Reednor ( Pa.) Hose Company, in accordance with a resolution of the company, has petitioned the court for a decree of dissolution.

Chief Sullivan, of Utica, N. Y., has received many tokens of appreciation of the work his force has accomplished during the past year.

Forty-two horses were suffocated in a stable fire at Bangor, Me., last week; the building being a mass of flames when the department was called.

The report of the State Fire Marshal, of West Virginia, for November, shows the reported loss to be $210,244, with $202,606 insurance.

Chief F. O. Whitmarsh, of Braintree, Mass., is in a serious condition as the result of a collision when responding to a recent alarm of fire.

The new board of fire commissioners just appointed by Mayor O’Malley, of Geneva, N. Y., consists of C. S. Folgor, J. H. Rigby, and S. C. Iseurmann.

The Webb Motor Fire Apparatus Company of Vincennes, Ind., has secured a suitable building in St. Louis, Mo., and will remove to the latter place very shortly.

A bulletin board at the central station in Portsmouth, O., will keep the firemen posted as to conditions affecting runs, such as streets in process of improvement, etc.

Because of internal dissensions in the fire department of Summit, N. J., Albert S. Brewster has tendered his resignation as second assistant chief, which has been accepted by the common council.

Two firemen were killed at Lewiston, Me., on December 24, by the fall of part of a burned building while they were cooling off the ruins, after the fire was under control.

The three-story wooden building housing the post office, court room, telephone exchange and four club rooms at Gilbertville, Mass., was burned on Christmas Day.

Mayor-elect Gaynor, of New York City, is taking an active interest in the fire protection of his city, having recently visited several houses and inspected the apparatus.

The Bridgeport, Conn., auto chemical engine has answered 315 calls during the past year, many of them on the outskirts of the city. It is said to travel frequently at a 60-mile clip.

The volunteer tire companies of Wilmington, Del., have organized under the name of the Wilmington Volunteer Firemen’s Association, with Chief Engineer Porter as president.

The big shipbuilding plant at Newburgh, N. Y., was damaged to the extent of $75,000 last Wednesday. Half of the property was saved by courageous work on the part of the firemen.

Eugene Smith, one of the first appointees of Philadelphia’s paid department, died December 16. He entered the department forty-four years ago, being twenty-one years old at that time.

At a special meeting of the committe on fire protection of Lenox, Mass., it was voted to purchase, at an expense of about $5,000, an automobile combination ladder truck and chemical engine.

Chief Logsdon, of Owensboro, Ky., who assumed his duties as head of the fire department on January 1, has completed his assignments of the men who are members of the department, naming Hopkins Johnson assistant chief.

On a recent visit to Reading, Pa., Albert Crouter, of the Veteran Volunteer Firemen’s Association of New York City, was presented with a silver trumpet by the Rainbow Company of which organization he is a benefactor.

Drafting from neighboring patrol stations, the Philadelphia department doubled the number of horses in every lire house during the heavy going caused by the Christmas snow fall. A similar precaution was taken during the storm of 1899.

When the film of a moving picture machine took fire in a Pittsburg nickel theatre, the operator, who was locked in a fireproof compartment, could not escape and was burned to death. His wife, attempting to aid him to escape, was also seriously burned.

Chief Charles M. Shipps, of Carthage, Mo., died Dec. 19 of brain fever developing from neuralgia. He was fifty years old. A member of the old volunteer department, Chief Shipps has headed the Carthage paid department since it was organized, Feb. 11, 1895.

Following the funeral of Chief Charles Shipp, of the Cartilage, Mo., fire department on Dec. 22, Mrs. Shipp, his widow, went to fire headquarters on the 23d to remove his belongings, and was instantly killed by falling through a trap door on the second floor of the building.

The sudden collapse of the walls of a threestory wooden block in Lewiston, Me., killed two members of that department and injured three more who were working on the ruins after having gotten under control a fire which occurred in the block on the day before Christmas.

The Relief Association of the Newcastle, Pa., department is considering the amending of its constitution to provide for the pension ing of the widows of firemen killed in performance of duty, a monthly sum of $20 or $25 to replace the lump indemnity of $300 now in force.

One of the automatic fire alarms, in the White House, at Washington, “went off” by accident the other day. Nearly half the men and apparatus in the city turned out to answer the call and the arrival of the firefighters caused considerable excitement in and about the executive mansion.

While responding to a recent fire alarm, the Oliver Byron Co.’s engine of the Long Branch, N. J., fire department, struck a bad gulley under a low bridge, where the railroad crosses Long Branch avenue, and was quite seriously damaged. It has been repaired and reinstalled in its quarters.

Great interest is being displayed by the citizens of Hamburg, N. J., in the organization of a fire department, seventy-five names appearing already on the membership roll. The paper company has offered the use of its pumps if the town will lay pipes from their mill along the principal streets.

The new central fire station at St. Joseph, Mo., will be located on South Fourth street. It was Chief Kane’s intention to have the station farther north, but the council ruled otherwise. Of the $75,000 voted in August, 1908, for this purpose, $62,500 remains, $12,500 having meanwhile been alotted to the building of two hose houses.

It is a gruesome story that comes from Hillsville, Pa., where one day last week an exploding oil lamp set fire to a house and eight persons were incinerated. One whole family, father, mother and three children were wiped out, the other three were hoarders. Two others escaped from the house, which was completely destroyed.

Struthers, O., and East Youngstown, O., have formulated plans whereby they will have joint fire protection. The villages are a mile and a half apart and it is proposed to purchase an automobile firefighting apparatus, bonding the corporations jointly for the cost. Three paid men will be maintained in addition to a volunteer corps.

Jacksonville, Fla., has a new high-pressure system for fighting fire. At a recent test, three streams were simultaneously thrown to a height greater than a new seven-story building in the city. The fire engines that formerly did duty in the high-pressure district, have been assigned to other parts of the city, where their protection is needed.

Beginning January 1 if a fireman in Baltimore, loses his life by accident, loses both hands or both feet, one of each or both eyes, he will be paid $500. If an accident results in the loss of one foot or hand he will be paid $250, and in event of other injury he will receive $5 a week for a period not longer than 52 weeks.

West Springfield, Mass., has a normal pressure of 30 pounds. For fire protection 50 pounds more can be secured by opening the gate to the secondary supply. The gate has no automatic release at present, and property holders wish to have such an attachment. Either that or an engine, or the Springfield supply tapped. The first solution appears to be most favored.

A Springfield, O., exchange highly compliments Chief Hunter on his successful leadership during the past five years. In that time he has established thorough discipline; at the same time, by improving their quarters and conditions generally, he has gained the fealty of his men. The department includes 54 men, nine stations, and thoroughly up-to-date equipment.

Gloversville, N. Y., had a hotel fire scare last week, when fire broke out in the Keystone one of the oldest and best hotels in the city and gutted the building. A number of the occupants who had to jump from windows were cut and bruised. During the night fire again broke out in the stables and three men who were on watch, were suffocated.

By an amendment adopted by the city council of Providence, R. I., the Board of Fire Commissioners has returned to the three-year term. The commission, when created, was under the three-year term, but in the latter part of 1903 the ordinance was amended to make the terms of each of the three members of the board one year. This has now been changed and the old system of the three-year term adopted.

Owing to the inadequacy or entire absence of firefighting appliances, water supply, etc., fires in South American cities, in spite of the comparatively non-combustible materials employed for construction purposes in these lumberless conn tries, are liable to attain considerable magnitude. One reported as having occurred at Valdivia, of December 13, destroyed eighteen blocks of buildings, rendering many thousands homeless The loss is placed at $2,500,000.

The recent high tides and floods in the Eastcam States, are responsible for at least two lime fires. At Salem, the water got into a lime storage and caused a fire that brought out every piece of apparatus in the city and necessitated help from adjacent places; causing a loss of $10,000 and endangering an extensive water front: in Portmouth. X. H„ the slaking of lime by the high tide, set fire to the storehouse and caused damage amounting to $5,000.