FIRE HORSE LOSES OUT TO MOTOR APPARATUS
The fire horse, about which so much sentiment has been connected in. the past, has almost lost out in the progress toward higher efficiency in Illinois fire departments.
Of 72 cities of more than 5,000 population, exclusive of Chicago, only four now depend entirely on the horse,—Herrin, Madison, Mt. Vernon and Staunton. Forty-one cities have entirely motorized their departments, while in the remaining 26 motorization is being brought about as rapidly as funds permit. In 16 of the latter cities horsedrawn apparatus is far in the minority, in some cases being held merely in reserve, while in only 10 of them does the horse have an even break or better.
These figures are shown by a survey made by State Fire Marshal John G. Gamber, in which figures were secured from all but eight cities of more than 5,000 pulation.
Twenty-six of such cities are equipped with the telegraph fire alarm system. The balance rely on the telephone or telephone, supplemented by whistle, siren or bell.
The per capita fire loss in 1420 ranged in these dies from 17.9 cents in Maywood to $105.84 in Madison. The high figure in Madison was due to a disastrous industrial fire. The average per capita fire loss in the United States is $3 per year. Forty-four of these cities ran under this. Sixteen of them were under $1.—Belvidere, $.76; Berwyn. $.57; Collinsville. $.20: Fdwardsville, $.37; Forest Park, $.48: Granite City, $.20; Harvey, $.41 ; LaSalle, $.64; Litchfield, $.53; Maywood, $.18; Metropolis, $.83; Murphy sboro. $.79; Rockford, $.98: Staunton, $.56; Taylorville, $.52: Waukegan, .$98.
Nineteen cities ranged from $3 to $10 in per capita loss, four ran between $10 and $20 and one between $20 and $30.
The State fire marshal expects to devote special attention to the cities registering the high losses in an effort to bring down their averages.