Tenino, Wash., has organized a hose company of 40 men.

Abram Gonsman was elected foreman of the Red Lion, Pa., department recently.

The Sapulpa, Okla., department has just added a Webb motor engine to its equipment.

Ten alarms in twelve hours is the record of the Baltimore, Md., department for Dec, 13.

A. H. Haugen has been appointed chief of the Monhall, N. D., fire department.

Aurora, Ill., now has a full paid fire department.

The Franklin, O., council has appointed Wade Robinson chief of the fire department.

Chief Peterson, of the Galesburg, Ill., department, wants the city to purchase a steamer.

Firemen of Rockford, Ill., ask the city council for a raise from $72.50 to $75 per month.

A new lire company will be established in the Bessemer section of Pueblo, Col.

Joseph O. Mozrall has been appointed chief of the Littleton, N. H. fire department.

Sumter, S. C., is in receipt of a new steamer. A new central station will soon be built.

For repairing and painting four hose houses Montclair, N. J., has appropriated $2,700.

Hook and Ladder Company No. 4, of Chillicothe, Mo., has elected Emil Goetz foreman.

Henry J. Hickey, of Tomahawk, Wis., has been granted a patent on fire hose couplings.

Valentine Bixenstein has been appointed chief of the Jeffersonville, Ky., fire uepartnient, and John Gilbert assistant chief.

George Schenck, a member of the New Market fire department, has presented the firemen with a building to he used as headquarters.

The service and safety hoards of Tremont, O., have contracted for an $8,000 auto engine for the fire department.

Ex-Battalion Chief P. Keyes, of Boston, is prominently mentioned as successor to Chief Hopkins of Somerville, Mass.

The Reading, Pa., Firemen’s Relief Association has assets and cash amounting to over $25,000.

The Lockport, N. Y., fire hoard re-elected Samuel Cunningham chief of the fire department at a salary of $800 a year.

Alexander Bradley has been elected chief of the Shamokin, Pa., fire department, and will take charge the First Monday in March.

Simon F. Moran has been nominated by Liberty Fire Company as its choice for chief of the Wilmington, Del., fire department.

The hoard of police and fire commissioners of Covington, Ky., has increased the salary of Chief Griffith from $1,800 to $2,400 a year.

The Boonton (N. J.) Firemen’s Relief Association has elected Thomas L. Logan president.

Haddon Height (Pa.) volunteer fire company, No. 1, has elected A. F.. Hummel president.

Northumberland County, Pa., court has granted a charter to the Shamokin Volunteer Firemen’s Association.

North Catasauqua, Pa., has been given a plot of land and expects to erect a fire house within the next six months.

At the annual meeting of the Portland, Me., Veteran Firemen’s Association, W. H. Turner was elected president.

Rockford, Ill., has an option on a site for the proposed central fire station. It is directly opposite the city hall.

At the regular monthly meeting of Hygienic Hose Company No. 5 of Harrisburg, Pa., Jesse Rhodes was elected foreman.

The service and safety boards have closed a contract for an $8,000 auto fire engine for the Fremont, Ohio, fire department.

Engine Company 1, of Passaic, N. J., has struck from the by-laws the section imposing fines for non-attendance at fires.

Chief Mooney of Bridgeport. Conn., has his automobile in commission again, the machine having been given a thorough overhauling.

The regular pay day falling on Christmas day, the commissioners of Newark, N. J., arranged to have the firemen receive their money Dec. 23.

The Melrose (Cal.) Volunteer Fire Company, with a membership of 26, will henceforth be under the direction of Chief Ball, of Oakland.

Brockport, N. V., is planning the organization of a chemical fire company, which will be subject to the supervision of the village fire department.

Pecos, Tex., has a new gasoline engine, which has already done good service in connection with the artesian wells with which the town is supplied.

One of the Rochester, N. Y., latest type engines is out of commission as a result of a collision with a street car. No one was seriously injured.

Ivy Hook and Ladder Company, of Bound Brook, N. J., is planning to erect a new hall, part of which will he rented to the town for public use.

The Pasadena, Cal., department recently had to lay 1,350 feet of hose, in spite of which fact the fire in a handsome residence was extinguished with exceptionally small salvage.

On December 29, Lebanon, Pa., had a $50,000 fire. It is said that inadequate protection and previous bad fires caused most of the insurance companies to withdraw.

Fire in the Kennedy Building, Coatesville, Pa., last week caused a loss estimated at $30,000. It was said to he started by a customer treading upon a match.

The city electrician of Houston, Tex., says that city’s new underground alarm system will be large enough to handle calls for a city of 200,000 population.

The Joliet, Ill., common council adopted an ordinance providing for a high pressure tire protection system to he installed at an estimated cost of $110,000.

Chief Slaughter, of the Ardmore, Okla., fire department, received severe injuries by the front axle of his buggy breaking while on a hard run to a fire.

The Elgin, Ill., fire department, for the first time in seven years, has been using bobsleighs instead of the regulation wagons, on account of the deep snow.

The auto fire engine recently purchased from the Seagrave Company, by the city council of Ensley, Ala., was formally accepted by Mayor Sugg and Chief Joseph Tetlow.

The selection of Captain George E. Dodge of engine 2 company to be district chief of the Haverill, Mass., fire department, met with general approval.

Mr. E. G. Kalbfleisch, chairman of the council fire committee of Augusta, Ga., was presented by Chief Reynolds and members of the fire department with a handsome lounge.

The new steam fire engine for the Greenville, Tex., fire department, has been put in commission. It is said to be one of the finest built by the Ahrens Fire Engine Company.

Plans are being made to place red light globes over every fire alarm box in Rochester, N. Y. The red globes have proved a great success in other cities.

Chief Tait and Assistant Chief Lewis have been rc-appointcd at Santa Cruz, Cal. Chief Tait is also superintendent of wateworks and it is his eleventh yearly election to the dual position.

Assistant Chief S. T. Matthews has been appointed to fill the unexpired term of the late chief, Charles Shipps, of the Carthage, Mo., fire department.

The Saginaw, Mich., fire department responded to 345 alarms during 1909. The total loss was $75,272, insurance involved $305,252 and estimated value of property jeopardized, $416,000.

Chief Campbell, of Portland, Ore., favors the firemen’s request for 2-1 hours off duty each week, and they are encouraged to believe other concessions may be granted.

An even 10,000 alarms of fire were responded to by the Chicago fire department from December 24, 1908, to December 24, 1909. This is said to be a reduction from previous years.

Henry L. Westerman has been a member of the St. Louis fire department for fifty years, and at the age of 78 still accompanies his engine on its runs.

The permanent men in the Haverhill, Mass., fire department petitioned for an increase of 25 cents a day. The aldermen split the difference and granted them 12 1/2 cents a day increase. Captains are paid $3 a day and privates $2.75 a day at present.

W. R. Joyner, for 12 years head of the Atlanta, Ga., volunteer department, and chief of the paid force front 1885 to 1906, has opened an office in the Candler building, Atlanta, as expert consulting engineer.

The new paid fire department of Chisholm, Minn., went into commission with Chief O’Connor in charge. The council fixed the salary of the chief at $1,500 a year and of the firemen at $900 a year.

The city council, of Kalamazoo, Mich., has sent a resolution ot thanks and vouchers for $100 each to Grand Rapids and Battle Creek in appreciation of assistance rendered at the Burdick fire.

The Jacksonville (Fla.) high pressure system has been tried out and made part of the city s fire system. It is claimed that under emergency a 200-pound pressure could be maintained.

Ensley, Ala., has just received a new motor combination hose and chemical wagon. It was built bv the Seagrave Company, of Columbus, O., and went through a most satisfactory test.

W. I. Babcock, the New York marine engineer, will design the new steel fireboat on which Baltimore plans to expend $100,000. Chief G. W. Horton was in New York last week going over the details with Mr. Babcock.

The total loss by fire in the United States and Canada, according to reports received for the week ending January 2, 1910, amounted to

$4,315,890. The reported loss for the month of December was $18,573,892.

All the regular members of the Chelsea, Mass., fire department have petitioned for more pay. Fifteen minutes extra also is asked for meals. The drivers now get $950, lieutenants $960 and captains $975 annually.

Chief W. K. Morse, of the Leominster, Mass., fire department, states that it has been decided to equip different wagons of the department with emergency kits in case of injury to the men at fires.

Chief Joseph Toynton, of the Pontiac, Mich., fire department, has resigned. It is said that Mr. Toynton has been tendered a more lucrative position with the Oakland Motor Car Company.

Government statistics indicate that Newport, Ky., not only has the cheapest fire department of any city of its size and class in the country, but that there is less loss from fire of a serious nature.

Elgiu, Ill., firemen want their salaries raised. and, as an inducement. Chief William Haible and ix of his firemen have promised to get married this year, if the city council will increase their pay.

The new 65-foot hook and ladder truck of the Nashville fire department was given a try-out, and Chief Rozetta said it was the most perfect niece of fire apparatus he had ever seen and exceeded the highest expectations.

A delegation of Trenton, N. J., officials, headed by Chief Allen of that city, visited Newark recently on an inspection trip. Chief Ostley met the visitors on their arrival and escorted them about the city and department quarters.

The residents of the new Thirteenth Ward, Harrisburg, Pa., organized a new fire company with forty-nine charter members. A committee will be appointed to secure a building site for quarters.

Chief Andrew Graham, of the Jenkintown, Pa„ fire department, on a trial test, drove the new $6,000 automobile truck fully equipped and manned by 17 men, four miles in eleven minutes. Chief Graham asserts the same run can be made in eight minutes.

Edinboro, Pa., had to call on Erie and Meadvdle, for help on December 30, when fire threatened to sweep the village out of existence. A number of stores and business buildings the Masonic temple, postoffice and other buildings were destroyed.

Chief Aungst, of the Alliance, Ohio, fire department. in a letter to the director of safety advocates automobile apparatus. He recommends for the department an auto aerial truck tor $8,500; an auto triple combination engine chemical and hose wagon for $7,000; an auto combination hose wagon, to carry 2,000 feet of hose and turret pipes for $5,000; an auto patrol wagon and ambulance for $3,500 and a chief s car _____horsepower, equipped with a 30-gollon chemical tank, for $2,000.



The total fire loss in the United States in November, reckoned on the $10,000 basis, was $12,815,000, which, when compared with that of the corresponding month of 1908 shows a decrease of $463,000, and with that of November, 1907, a decrease of $3,706,000. The total fire loss for 11 months was $154,911,000 against $ 177,869,000 for 11 months of the year 1908, and $165,722,000 for 11 months of the year 1907.

The Hornell, N. Y., board of public safety reports that the fire department responded to 60 alarms during the year 1909. A total of 25,650 feet of hose was laid at the fires during the year. The greatest amount of hose used at any one fire was 4,000 feet. Five hundred and sixty gallons of chemicals were used. There were only seven fires where the loss was very large. The fire that destroyed the Preston brick plant was the most serious, involving an insurance loss of $17,200 and a property loss of about 25 per cent. more.

The fire committee of Montclair, N. J., recommends the establishment of a paid department. There are now ten firemen who are paid $85 a month; a chief, $75 a month; two assistants, $10 a month; a clerk at $40 a month, and 75 volunteers at $12 a year. The committee recommends that the volunteers be done away with and that six additional men be employed at $65 a month each and 42 call men at $100 a year. The present payroll of the department is $13,552, and under the new regime it would be $20,700. The council is reported as favorable.

While the royal family was gathered about a Christmas tree, in the palace at Tatoi, near Athens, Greece, the decorations on the tree took fire, and in spite of efforts on the part of the attendants, the flames rapidly spread, involving the entire right wing of the building. The local firemen were assisted by sailors and marines from British and Russian war ships in the harbor, who rendered valuable service in saving works of art and relics from the royal apartments. The fire was finally extinguished after the greater part of the right wing of the building had been destroyed.

December, 1909. is set down on Chief Wagner’s books as the banner fire month in the history of the Washington, D. C., fire department. Early in 1909 the number of fires began to increase as compared with those of 1908 January. 1909, started off with fifty-three alarms to its credit. In February the percentage fell off. but with the exception of June, when the calls fell to twenty-nine, the percentage kept increasing. The record is as follows. January, 53; February, 38; March. 49: April. 45: May. 49; June, 39; July, 40; August, 44; September, 45; October, 53: November, 61, and December, including 25th. 68.

Chief Garverich estimates that the Harrisburg, Pa., tire department will need between $40,000 and $50,000 during 1910. In order to prove that Harrisburg is below other cities in expenses Chief Garverich makes the following comparison between Harrisburg and Erie: Harrisburg (volunteer department)—Thirteen companies; cost of maintenance. $32,647.09: 150 calls during the year: total loss, $32,861.12. Erie (paid department)—Thirteen companies: cost of maintenance, $97,044.13; 311 calls; total loss, $473,655. The expenses include a $15,000 house, $61,000 for salaries and $4,900 for fire alarm.

The year 1909 broke all records for the number of fires in Jacksonville. Fla., there having been 331 alarms answered by the department during the year just closed. The previous record was in 1906, when a total of 307 alarms were answered. It is estimated that the total fire loss is $300,000. During the year there was one $125,000 fire loss and another of $85,000. At the opening of the year 1910 the fire department is reported to be better equipped than ever before, but needs more men. Several new men were added last year. Chief Many’s auto has been ordered and should reach Jacksonville within a short time.

J. W. Dinecn, of Albany, Ill., has been appointed state lire marshal of Illinois, under the new law which went into effect on January 1. The state fire marshal with his deputies and the fire chiefs of cities are required to investigate every fire and keep written reports in the office of the state marshal at Springfield. The fire marshal is given authority upon complaint to enter upon any premises for purposes of inspection, and may require removal of buildings or parts of buildings or explosive or inflammable contents if he finds the safety of surrounding property demands it, the owner of the condemned property being given 10 days in which to appeal to the state marshal himself.

After a blaze in a tenement in Brownsville, Brooklyn’s Hebrew settlement, which was providentially discovered in time to enable the occupants, about 60 in number, to escape, half-clad, into the freezing night air, an investigation by the fire marshal disclosed the fact that it had probably been started by sprinkling benzine near the airshaft in the cellar and applying a match. The landlord, who lived on the premises, was insured and places the damage to his building at $10,000; the aggregate loss was estimated at $15,000, much of it uninsured. Three alarms called all the available apparatus from a considerable section of Brooklyn to the outlying section, where the fire occurred.

Chief Horan, of Chicago, reports that in the year preceding December 24. the fire department responded to 10,000 alarms. The number of actual fires was 7,062, the value of property involved $135,044,406, the loss on which was $3,178,492. This is a decrease of $694,952 from the fire loss of 1908. The total insurance approximated $91,813,335. Chief Horan also calls attention to improvement in the personnal of the department by the retirement of a number of men who were incapacitated by age or physical disability and replaced by younger and more vigorous men. He recommends three combined chemical engines and hose wagons in each division of the city and 18 motor buggies to take the place of the present horse-drawn vehicles used by the batalion chiefs.

The one-story steel and frame factory building of YVonham, Magor & Company located at Athens, N. J., outside the city limits of Passaic, was found to be on fire by an employe, a short time ago, just after men had quit work. An alarm was turned in, to which a third-size Clapp Jones fire engine responded. About one half the building was in flames when it arrived. There was no other fire or water service than a small tank available on the spot, but by laying 1,500 feet of hose the firemen managed to get one stream from a 1 1/8-inch nozzle, on the flames. That the plant, under these circumstances, was completely destroyed, is not surprising, the loss on buildings and contents, mainly heavy machinery for building steel freight and coal cars, being about $100,000.

While Chief Engineer F. O. Whitmarsh, of the Braintree. Mass., fire department, was on his way to respond to an alarm of fire, the buggy in which he was riding collided with a coal wagon in making a sharp turn and the chief was thrown out. Picked up unconscious, he was hurried to his home where it was found that he had a concussion of the brain, legs cut and bruised and a badly dislocated shoulder, the latter, on account of the torn and strained ligaments, being the most serious injury. At last accounts he was resting comfortably but is likely to be confined to his home for some time. Chief Whitmarsh will be well remembered by his colleagues as the genial sergeant-at-arms of the Massachusetts Fire Chiefs’ Club, an office he has held for several years.

That Holyoke. Mass., has a most efficient fire department is proved by its record for the past ten years. During this period the buildings in which fires occurred were valued at $59,969,631.25. The value of the property damaged by fire was $499,356.40. The total amount of insurance paid on the damaged property

was $469,048.30, and the total net loss, above the insurance paid, to the citizens of Holyoke for this period of 10 years was $30,308.08, which, averaging the city’s population at 50,000, made a gross loss for each inhabitant per year of less than $1, and a net loss of 6 cents, or a trifle over 60 cents for the period of 10 years. For the year 1908 Holoyke had one of the lowest per-capita fire losses of any city in the entire country, and the lowest of any manufacturing community.

At a recent fire in YVest Springfield, Mass., finding the water pressure inadequate, Fire Chief E. B. Jones called upon Springfield for assistance in the shape of a steam fire engine. For this he was taken to task by the water department officials who claim that in a few minutes he could have had a pressure of 80 pounds, sufficient to throw a stream over any structure in YVest Springfield, if he had telephoned to the Bear Hole station. Chief Jones retorts that past experience does not warrant dependence on increased pressure from Bear Hole, that the man in charge could not act without instructions from the commissioners and that time was too precious, when he had a fire on his hands, to wait for the unravelling of so much red-tape. All of which controversy, it might be suggested, would be obviated, if West Springfield had a fire engine of its own.

Chief Griffith, of the Covington, Ky., fire department, reports that the department responded to 200 alarms during the year, 262 of which were bell, 198 still and two false alarms. The total fire loss was $142,037, of which $57,025 was on building and $85,011 on contents. The value of the buildings and their contents where these fires occurred was $1,748,685, and they were insured for $852,858. The chief inspected 162 buildings and ordered fife escapes placed in a number of them; 12 owners have complied with this order and five more are having fire escapes constructed, while eight buildings have been put in a safe condition. The expenses for the year were $42,236.50 for salaries and $11,778.20 for maintenance. A report compiled by the government shows that in 130 cities the cost of protection from fire averages $1.65 per capita, while the Covington department has managed to do this for about 85 cents. Upon recommendation of Chief Griffith and the mayor the commissioners request an appropriation of $110,260 for the fire department for 1910. This appropriation is for the building of a fire house in Latonia and one in Lewisburg, the installation of 40 new fire alarm boxes, 15 cisterns, the equipment of the other two engines, which are now lying idle, a 75foot aerial auto truck, a new auto chemical engine, salaries of the men, etc. The cost of maintaining the department last year was $47,000.

The total fire loss for South Bend, Ind., in 1909 is about $10,000 higher than the loss for 1908, according to Chief YVilfred Grant’s annual report. Had it not been for two distant fires the loss would have been lower than usual. Five hundred and sixty-three runs were made in answering 180 alarms. The estimated value ot buildings at risk is placed at $387,735, and of the contents $294,591. The estimated loss on buildings is placed at $16,375.42, and on the contents $25.661. More than 75,000 feet of hose were laid and 3,274 feet of ladders were raised, 1.388 gallons of chemical were used and 804 miles traveled by the companies. The 60 firemen are part paid with a total of $62,345.51 in salaries for the year and $9,997.63 has been expended for incidental expenses, making the total expense of the department $72,343.14. The cost of maintaining the department for 1908 was $70,112.67, of which $58,807.35 was for salaries and $11,298.32 for miscellaneous expenses. The equipment of the department is reported to be one of the best in the state. There are in service at the present time one chemical engine, nine hose wagons, two hook and lader trucks, one chief’s and one assistant chief’s buggy, and two hose wagons in reserve. There are 29 horses in the department, and every piece of apparatus is in good condition. Chief Grant strongly urges the purchase of an automobile chemical engine, equipped with two 60-gallon tanks and two sets of 1-inch hose so that two leads can be worked at one fire.